FOOTNOTES NOVEMBER 1999
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Eight Projects Receive Fall 1999 FAD Awards

The American Sociological Association is pleased to announce eight award recipients from the summer 1999 round of the Fund for the Advancement of the Discipline (FAD). With a matching grant provided to the ASA by the National Science Foundation (NSF), these awards provide PhD scholars with venture capital for innovative research to challenge the discipline and create new networks of scientific collaboration. This round of award winners includes:

  • Robert Alford (City University of New York), Alexander Hicks (Emory University), Thomas Janoski (University of Kentucky), and Mildred A. Schwartz (University of Illinois, Chicago) will receive $5,000 for Theoretical Challenges to Political Sociology. These funds will be used to support a working conference whose purpose is to renew political sociology for the next decades. The principal investigators propose to use the conference to develop a construct, the "structural and cultural focus on civil society," that is responsive to new theoretical challenges and substantive issues. Theoretical challenges include post-modern diffusions of power and fractious identities, rational-choice foci on individual and institutional choice, and market-dominated solutions to social and political problems. Substantive issues include global capitalism and transnational corporations, the old and new media in theories of political sociology, and diverse class, gender, and racial/ethnic identities. The principal investigators also propose to use the results of the conference as part of a new Handbook of Political Sociology.

  • Judith M. Gerson (Rutgers University) and Diane L. Wolf (University of California-Davis) will receive $4,980 for Sociological Perspectives on the Holocaust and Post-Holocaust Jewish Life. These funds will be used to support a working conference to bring together sociologists engaged in research on the Holocaust and post-Holocaust eras with sociologists engaged in research on immigration and race and ethnicity. Currently, scholars engaged in studies of immigration and race-ethnicity pay comparatively scant attention to the Holocaust as an empirical case. Likewise, Holocaust studies are not linked currently to these core areas of sociology. The purpose of this conference is to bring about intellectual cross-fertilization. The outcome of this conference will be an edited collection of papers.

  • Lowell L. Hargens (Ohio State University) will receive $4,170 for Ain't No Making It? Organizational and Individual Determinants of the Fate of Assistant Professors. This study will investigate the organizational fates of assistant professors in sociology between 1975 and 1994 and whether these fates vary by race and sex. Although the intellectual progress of disciplines is based on the recruitment and retention of "new blood" in the academic pipeline, little is known about this group's organizational careers. To examine these careers, the principal investigator will combine data on individuals and departments to explain how career outcomes are linked to the attributes of the organizations in which assistant professors begin their careers as well as to their individual characteristics. The data will be gathered from a random sample of sociology departments that grant PhD degrees. The principal investigator will use this study as a pilot to develop a comprehensive study of science and engineering disciplines.

  • John R. Hall (University of California-Davis) and Jack A. Goldstone (University of California-Davis) will receive $3,680 for On the Origins of the Modern World: Comparative Perspectives from the Edge of the Millennium. These funds will be used to support a working conference whose purpose is to bring together senior scholars to use theoretically-informed macro-history and historical social science techniques, including historical sociology, economic sociology, political sociology, and the sociology of culture, to assess the evidence on the origins of the modern world. A central concern is whether the industrial revolution was an outcome of the economic, political, and cultural changes centered in Western Europe or whether the rise of the West was an accidental and aberrant event, now eclipsed by the rapid rise of Asia. The assessment that results from the conference can be expected to shed light on developmental path of Western and non-Western nations in the future. This conference is expected also to set agendas for the next wave of inquiry and to encourage the flow of ideas between historical researchers and social theorists.

  • Gregory Hooks (Washington State University) and Mary Blair-Loy (Washington State University) will receive $4,980 for Race, Wealth, and Education. This study will use quantitative and qualitative methods in a pilot study designed to examine the direct and indirect processes through which household wealth (rather than household income) influences parent's educational aspirations for their children, children's own aspirations and achievement, and families' planning and strategizing to fulfil these aspirations. The sample will include African-American, European-American, Native-American, Hispanic-American, and Asian-American families located in several school districts in Washington state. Over-sampling of minority groups will allow the principal investigators to conduct comparisons among all of these groups. Interview data will be matched with state longitudinal test score information. The outcomes of this pilot study will be scholarly papers as well as a larger quantitative study.

  • Ligaya Lindio-McGovern (Indiana University-Kokomo) will receive $5,000 for Filipino Domestic Workers in the Global Political Economy. The principal investigator proposes to use library research and fieldwork to investigate the relationship between the export labor policy of the Philippines and the situation of the objects of trade - Filipino domestic workers. Through export labor, the Philippine government raises money for exchange to pay off its foreign debt. The principal investigator will conduct a comparative study of the situation of workers in a variety of cities, some that have bi-lateral agreements with the Philippines and some that do not. The FAD funds will be used to explore the impact of bi-lateral trade policy between Taiwan and the Philippines for the situation of domestic workers, including their strategies for individual and collective survival and resistance. The findings from this study will be included in a future book on Filipino domestic workers in the global economy.

  • Joya Misra (University of Massachusetts, Amherst) will receive $4,700 for Race and Gender in Academic Employment in Sociology and Political Science. The principal investigator proposes to test two competing explanations for the relative small share of minority men and women and white women at higher rungs of the academic ladder in sociology and political science in the 1990s. The first explanation is that that minorities and women are disadvantaged because they have entered the academic pipeline in significant numbers only recently and that their academic success will increase as their representation in the pipeline increases. The second explanation is that the pipeline model does not capture current and future situations because there is an accumulation of disadvantage as women and minorities are differentially awarded tenure track positions, tenure, promotions, and other rewards. These rival explanations will be tested using the 1995 Survey of Earned Doctorates and controlling for cohort as well as race and gender. The results of the work will be published in scholarly journals in both sociology and political science.

  • Monica L. P. Robbers (Marymount University) $5,000 for An Examination of Juvenile Delinquency: An End to Abstracted Empiricism. This project has two components: a research study and the integration of the study results into classroom curriculum. Both components explore juvenile delinquency through a gender lens. In the first component, the principal investigator will test whether a gendered and interdisciplinary version of general strain theory (GST) is a better predictor of juvenile delinquency as a whole, and male and female delinquency in particular, than is the traditional version of GST. Data from the National Youth Survey will be used to test the study hypothesis. Scholarly papers are expected to result from this component of the project. In the second component, the principal investigator will develop computerized materials that will be used in introductory sociology courses to help students to learn research skills through analysis of the theory and data developed in the first component of this project. It is expected that by exposure to developed materials, students will learn critical thinking concerning the relation between theory and data analysis, sociological methods, and computer skills.

    A description of the FAD program can be found on ASA's home page (www.asanet.org) and is regularly advertised in Footnotes. Quustions may also be directed to research@asanet.org, or to Drew Sutter or Roberta Spalter-Roth at (202) 383-9005, x312 and x317 respectively.