American Sociological Association

Unemployment Rate for Doctorate Holders in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Notes: Unemployed includes individuals who were not working during the survey reference week but had been seeking work in the prior 4 weeks or who were on layoff from their job. Unemployment rate is the proportion of individuals in the labor force who are unemployed.


National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, published reports from various years. Accessed at

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