American Sociological Association

ASA Footnotes

A publication of the American Sociological AssociationASA News & Events
May/June 2020

References for the Special Issue on COVID-19


Graduate Education and Academic Labor, prabhdeep singh kehal and Michael D. Kennedy

Foley, Nadirah Farah. 2020. “Don’t Forget About Graduate Students.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 31.

Pirtle, Whitney N. Laster. 2020. “Racial Capitalism: A Fundamental Cause of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Inequities in the United States.” Health Education & Behavior.

Yarbrough, Michael. 2020. “What CUNY Teaches Us about the Coronavirus, and Vice Versa.” New York Daily News. (


Aging and the Life Course, Toni Calasanti

Springer, Kristen W., Jeanne Mager Stellmen, and Rebecca M. Jordan-Young. 2012. “Beyond a Catalogue of Differences: A Theoretical Frame and Good Practice Guidelines for Researching Sex/Gender in Human Health.” Social Science & Medicine 74(11):1817-24.


Alcohol, Drugs, and Tobacco, Meghan O’Neil

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2020. “Opioid Overdose.” Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Desmond, Matthew, and Bruce Western. 2018. “Poverty in America: New Directions and Debates.” Annual Review of Sociology 44:305-18. doi: 10.1146/annurev-soc-060116-053411.

Drug Policy Alliance. n.d. “Drug Overdose.”‌issues/‌drug-overdose.

Ezzati, Majid, Alan D. Lopez, Anthony Rodgers, Stephen Vander Hoorn, Christopher J.L. Murray, and the Comparative Risk Assessment Collaborating Group. 2002. "Selected Major Risk Factors and Global and Regional Burden of Disease." The Lancet 360(9343):1347-60. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(02)11403-6.

Farhoudian, Ali, Alexander Mario Baldacchino, Nicolas Clark, Gilberto Gerra, Hamed Ekhtiari, Geert Dom, Azarakhsh Mokri, et al. 2020. “COVID-19 and Substance Use Disorders: Recommendations to a Comprehensive Healthcare Response.” Basic and Clinical Neuroscience Special Issue on COVID-19 :129-146.

Harding, David J., Jeffrey D. Morenoff, and Jessica Wyse. 2019. On the Outside: Prisoner Reentry and Reintegration. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Katz, Josh. 2018. “How a Police Chief, a Governor and a Sociologist Would Spend $100 Billion to Solve the Opioid Crisis.” The New York Times, February 14.

Kelley, Susan. 2019. “Nearly Half of Americans Have Had a Family Member Jailed, Imprisoned.” Cornell Chronicle, March 4.‌study-nearly-half-americans-have-had-family-member-jailed-imprisoned.

Lopez, German. 2019. “White House: The Opioid Epidemic Cost $2.5 Trillion over 4 years.” Vox, November 1.‌11/1/‌20943599/opioid-epidemic-cost-white-house-economic-advisers.

Prescott, J.J., Benjamin Pyle, and Sonja B. Starr. Forthcoming. “Understanding Violent-Crime Recidivism.” Notre Dame Law Review.‌abstract=‌3571912.

Western, Bruce. 2018. Homeward: Life in the Year After Prison. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

World Health Organization (WHO). 2020. Corona Virus Disease 2019: Situation Report – 90. Retrieved April 19, 2020.


Animals and Society, Corey Wrenn, Loredana Loy, and Bonnie Berry

Almeida, Isis, and Vincent Del Giudice. 2020. “Meat and Coronavirus: U.S. Workers Test Positive for Virus.” Bloomberg, April 10.

Arthur, Allen. 2011. “U.S.  Touts fruit and vegetables while subsidizing animals that become meat.” Washington Post, October 3.

Bristow, Elizabeth, and Amy J. Fitzgerald. 2011. “Global Climate Change and the Industrial Animal Agriculture Link: The Construction of Risk.” Society & Animals 19:205-224.

Cawthorn, Donna-Mareè, and Louwrens C. Hoffman. 2015. “The Bushmeat and Food Security Nexus.” Food Research International 76(4):906-925.

Fang, Lee. 2020. “Employees Say Smithfield Plant in Wisconsin Concealed Covid-19 Infections, Pressured Them to Work Elbow to Elbow Without Protection.” Intercept, April 19.

Humphreys, Margaret. 2018. “The Influenza of 1918: Evolutionary Perspectives in a Historical Context.” Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health 2018(1):219-229. doi: 10.1093/emph/eoy024.

Irvine, Leslie. 2004. If You Tame Me: Understanding Our Connection with Animals. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Nibert, David. 2003. “Humans and Other Animals: Sociology’s Moral and Intellectual Challenge.” International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 23(3):5-25.

Robison, Pete, and Lydia Mulvany. 2019. “Big Dairy Is About to Flood America’s School Lunches With Milk.” Bloomberg Businessweek, January 9.

Samaha, Albert, and Katie J.M. Baker. 2020. “Smithfield Foods Is Blaming ‘Living Circumstances In Certain Cultures’ For One Of America’s Largest COVID-19 Clusters.” BuzzFeed News, April 20.

Simon, David Robinson. 2013. Meatonomics. Berkeley: Conari Press.

Splitter, Jenny. 2020. “Poultry to Plant-Based: Animal Farmers Are Now Working With Vegans To Get Out Of The Meat Business.” Forbes, January 14.


Children and Youth, Jessica Calarco

Alexander, Karl, Sarah Pitcock, and Matthew C. Boulay. 2016. The Summer Slide: What We Know and Can Do About Summer Learning Loss. New York: Teachers College Press.

Auxier, Brooke, and Monica Anderson. 2020. “As Schools Close Due to the Coronavirus, Some U.S. Students Face a Digital ‘Homework Gap.’” Pew Research Center. Retrieved April 25, 2020.

Calarco, Jessica McCrory. 2020. “Avoiding Us versus Them: How Schools’ Dependence on Privileged ‘Helicopter’ Parents Influences Enforcement of Rules.” American Sociological Review 85(2):223–46.

Golann, Joanne W. 2015. “The Paradox of Success at a No-Excuses School.” Sociology of Education 88(2):103–19.

Hargittai, Eszter. 2010. “Digital Na(t)Ives? Variation in Internet Skills and Uses among Members of the ‘Net Generation’*.” Sociological Inquiry 80(1):92–113.

Herbers, Janette E., J. J. Cutuli, Laura M. Supkoff, David Heistad, Chi-Keung Chan, Elizabeth Hinz, and Ann S. Masten. 2012. “Early Reading Skills and Academic Achievement Trajectories of Students Facing Poverty, Homelessness, and High Residential Mobility.” Educational Researcher 41(9):366–74.

McMillan, James H., Steve Myran, and Daryl Workman. 2002. “Elementary Teachers’ Classroom Assessment and Grading Practices.” The Journal of Educational Research 95(4):203–13.

Puckett, Cassidy. 2019. “CS4Some? Differences in Technology Learning Readiness.” Harvard Educational Review 89(4):554–87.

Stewart, Hilary, Nick Watson, and Mhairi Campbell. 2018. “The Cost of School Holidays for Children from Low Income Families.” Childhood 25(4):516–29.


Community and Urban Sociology, Benny Witkovsky

Carbone, Jason T., and Stephen Edward McMilln. 2019. “Reconsidering Collective Efficacy: The Roles of Perceptions of Community and Strong Social Ties.” City & Community 18(3):1068–1085.

Caren, Neal. 2007. “Big city, Big Turnout? Electoral Participation in American Cities.” Journal of Urban Affairs 29(1):31–46.

Heerwig, Jennifer, and Brian J. McCabe. 2017. “High-Dollar Donors and Donor-Rich Neighborhoods: Representational Distortion in Financing a Municipal Election in Seattle.” Urban Affairs Review 55(4):1070–1099.

Hoekstra, Erin, and Joseph Gerteis. 2019. “The Civic Side of Diversity: Ambivalence and Belonging at the Neighborhood Level.” City & Community 18(1):195–212.

Tran, Van C., Corina Graif, Alison D. Jones, Mario L. Small, and Christopher Winship. 2013. “Participation in Context: Neighborhood Diversity and Organizational Involvement in Boston.” City & Community 12(3):187–210.


Comparative-Historical Sociology, Constance A. Nathanson and Amy Lauren Fairchild

Fairchild, Amy L., Constance A. Nathanson, and Cullen Conway, eds. 2020. “Fear and Panic at the Borders: Outbreak Anxieties in the United States from the Colonies to Covid-19.”  In Medicalizing Borders: Selection, containment and quarantine since 1800, edited by Sevasti Trubeta. Minneapolis: Minnesota University Press.

Environmental Sociology, Jill Richardson

Farrell, Justin. 2015. The Battle for Yellowstone: Morality and the Sacred Roots of Environmental Conflict. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Nie, Martin A. 2003. Beyond Wolves: The Politics Of Wolf Recovery And Management. Minneapolis: University Of Minnesota Press.

Skogen, Ketil. 2015. “The Persistence of an Economic Paradigm: Unintended Consequences in Norwegian Wolf Management.” Human Dimensions of Wildlife 20(4):317–22.

Skogen, Ketil, Isabelle Mauz, and Olve Krange. 2008. “Cry Wolf!: Narratives of Wolf Recovery in France and Norway.” Rural Sociology 73(1):105-33.


Evolution, Biology, and Society, Russell K. Schutt and Rengin Firat

Boyer, Pascal, Rengin Firat, and Florian van Leeuwen. 2015. “Safety, Threat, and Stress in Intergroup Relations: A Coalitional Index Model.” Perspectives on Psychological Science 10(4):434–50.

Christakis, Nicholas A. 2019. Blueprint: The Evolutionary Origins of a Good Society. New York: Little, Brown Spark.

Cohen, Roger. 2020. “There Is No Way Out but Through.” Opinion, New York Times, April 3, A22. 

Firat, Rengin B., and Pascal Boyer. 2015. “Coalitional Affiliation as a Missing Link between Ethnic Polarization and Well-Being: An Empirical Test from the European Social Survey.” Social Science Research 53:148–61.

Kurzban, R., J. Tooby, and L. Cosmides. 2001. “Can Race Be Erased? Coalitional Computation and Social Categorization.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98(26):15387–92.

Mann, Charles C. 2011. 1491: New Revelations of the Americans before Columbus. New York: Vintage.

Schutt, Russell K. 2020. “Thoughts from the Chair.” Evolution, Biology & Society 15(1):1-3.

Schutt, Russell K. 2010. “A Sociological Perspective on Disasters.” Pp. 3-11 in Rebuilding Sustainable Communities for Children and their Families after Disasters: A Global Survey, edited by Adenrele Awotona. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Schutt, Russell K., Larry J. Seidman, and Matcheri Keshavan, eds. 2015. Social Neuroscience: Brain, Mind, and Society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Tuchman, Barbara W. 1978. A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Wilson, David Sloan. 2015. Does Altruism Exist?: Culture, Genes, and the Welfare of Others. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.


Global and Transnational Sociology, Larry Au

Benjamin, Ruha. 2013. People’s Science: Bodies and Rights on the Stem Cell Frontier. 1st ed. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Greenhalgh, Susan. 2008. Just One Child: Science and Policy in Deng’s China. 1st ed. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Jasanoff, Sheila, and Sang-Hyun Kim. 2009. “Containing the Atom: Sociotechnical Imaginaries and Nuclear Power in the United States and South Korea.” Minerva 47(2):119–46.

Nuffield Council on Bioethics. 2020. “Statement: COVID-19 and the basics of democratic governance.”


Methodology, Tim Futing Liao

Becker, Niels G. 2015. Modeling to Inform Infectious Disease Control. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman & Hall.

Holroyd, Matthew. 2020. “Coronavirus: Italy approves use of drones to monitor social distancing.” Euronews, March 23.

Hellewell, Joel, Sam Abbott, Amy Gimma, Nicos I. Bosse, Christopher I. Jarvis, Timothy W. Russell, James D. Munday, Adam J. Kucharski, and W. John Edmunds. 2020. “Feasibility of controlling COVID-19 outbreaks by isolation of cases and contacts.” Lancet Global Health 8(4): e488–e496.

Liao, Tim Futing. 1994. “A Theoretical Framework of Collective Action for the Evaluation of Family Planning Programs.” Population Research & Policy Review 13(1): 49–67.

Liu, Ying, Albert A. Gayle, Annelies Wilder-Smith, and Joacim Rocklöv. 2020. “The Reproductive Number of COVID-19 is Higher Compared to SARS Coronavirus.” Journal of Travel Medicine 27(2):1–4.

Mejívar, Cecilia, Jacob G. Foster, and Jennie E. Brand. 2020. “Don’t Call It ʻSocial Distancing.’” Opinion, CNN, March 21.

Remuzzi, Andrea and Giuseppe Remuzzi. 2020. “COVID-19 and Italy: What Next?” The Lancet. 395(10231):1225–1228.

Pinsker, Joe. 2020. “The People Ignoring Social Distancing.” Atlantic, March 17.

Figure 1: Model-generated COVID19 R values with varying levels of a and f

Figure 1: Model-generated COVID19 R values with varying levels of a and f


Science, Knowledge, and Technology, Steven Epstein

Apuzzo, Matt, and David D. Kirkpatrick. 2020. “Covid-19 Changed How the World Does Science, Together.” New York Times, April 2, A1.

Epstein, Steven. 1996. Impure Science: AIDS, Activism, and the Politics of Knowledge. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Eyal, Gil. 2019. The Crisis of Expertise. Cambridge, England: Polity.

Fisher, Max. 2020. “Why Coronavirus Conspiracy Theories Flourish. And Why It Matters.” New York Times, April 8.

Harambam, Jaron, and Stef Aupers. 2015. “Contesting Epistemic Authority: Conspiracy Theories on the Boundaries of Science.” Public Understanding of Science 24(4):466-480.

Heinemann, Torsten. 2015. “Biological Citizenship.” In Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics, edited by Henk Ten Have. Online: Springer.

Lakoff, Andrew. 2017. Unprepared: Global Health in a Time of Emergency. Oakland, CA: University of California Press.

Mackenzie, Sonja. 2013. Structural Intimacies: Sexual Stories in the Black AIDS Epidemic. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Reich, Jennifer A.. 2016. Calling the Shots: Why Parents Reject Vaccines. New York: New York University Press.


Sociology of Body and Embodiment, Beth L. Dougherty

Chicago Public Health Department. 2020. “Chicago Covid-19 Update.”

Collins, Randall. 2004. Interaction Ritual Chains. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Gertsel, Naomi. 2000. “The Third Shift: Gender and Care Work Outside the Home.” Qualitative Sociology 23(4):467-483.

Kang, Miliann. 2010. The Managed Hand: Race, Gender, and the Body in Beauty Work. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Office of the Mayor, Chicago. 2020. “Mayor Lightfoot and CDPH Release New Demographic Data related to Covid-19 Revealing Significant Racial Health Inequalities.” Press Release, April 6.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2020. “Characteristics of Health Care Personnel with Covid-19 – United States, February 12 – April 9, 2020.” MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, April 17 69(15):477-481. doi:

National Nurses United. 2020. “Nurses Send Petition to Congress Demanding Immediate Protections During Covid-19 Outbreak.” Press Release, March 23.

Nkangu, Miriam, Oluwasayo Olatunde, and Sanni Yaya. 2017. “The Perspective of Gender on the Ebola Virus Using a Risk Management and Population Health Framework: A Scoping Review.” Infectious Diseases of Poverty 6:135. doi:

Schneider, Daniel and Kristen Harknett. 2020. “Estimates of Workers Who Lack Access to Paid Sick Leave at 91 Large Service Sector Employers.” The Shift Project.

Strings, Sabrina. 2019. Fearing the Black Body: The Racial Origins of Fat Phobia. New York: New York University Press.


Sociology of Culture, Aliza Luft

Ermakoff, Ivan. 2008. Ruling Oneself Out: A Theory of Collective Abdications. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Emanuel, Ezekiel. J., Govind Persad, Ross Upshur, Beatriz Thome, Michael Parker, Aaron Glickman, Cathy Zhang, Connor Boyle, Maxwell Smith, and James P. Phillips. 2020. “Fair Allocation of Scarce Medical Recourses in the Time of Covid-19.” The New England Journal of Medicine 382(21):2049-55. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsb2005114.

Gadarian, Shana K., Sara W. Goodman, and Thomas B. Pepinsky. 2020. “Partisanship, Health Behavior, and Policy Attitudes in the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic.” SSRN. Doi:

Greene, Joshua D. 2014. Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason, and the Gap Between Us and Them. London: Penguin Press.

Haidt, Jonathan. 2001. “The Emotional Dog and Its Rational Tail: A Social Intuitionist Approach to Moral Judgment.” Psychological Review 108(4):814–34.

Luft, Aliza. 2020. “Theorizing Moral Cognition: Culture in Action, Situations, and Relationships.” Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World 6:1-15. doi:

Silverman, Amy. 2020. “People With Intellectual Disabilities May Be Denied Lifesaving Care Under These Plans as Coronavirus Spreads.” ProPublica, March 27.

Swidler, Ann. 1986. “Culture in Action: Symbols and Strategies.” American Sociological Review 51(2):273–86.

Vaisey, S. 2009. “Motivation and Justification: A Dual‐Process Model of Culture in Action.” American Journal of Sociology 114(6):1675–1715.

White, D. B., M. Katz, J. Luce, and B. Lo. 2020. Allocation of Scarce Critical Care Resources During a Public Health Emergency. University of Pittsburgh, Department of Critical Care Medicine.


Sociology of Development, Shiri Noy, Nicole Angotti, and Joseph Harris

Abdi, Latif Dahir. 2020. "‘Instead of Coronavirus, the Hunger Will Kill Us.’ A Global Food Crisis Looms." New York Times, April 22.

Angotti, Nicole. 2010. "Working Outside of the Box: How HIV Counselors in Sub-Saharan Africa Adapt Western HIV Testing Norms." Social Science & Medicine 71(5):986-93. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.05.020

Angotti, Nicole, Tara McKay and Rachel Sullivan Robinson. 2019. "LGBT Visibility and Anti-Gay Backlash: Unintended Consequences of Responses to HIV/AIDS in Malawi and Senegal." Sociology of Development 5(1):71-90.

Benton, Adia. 2020. "Border Promiscuity, Illicit Intimacies, and Origin Stories: Or What Contagion’s Bookends Tell Us About New Infectious Diseases and a Racialized Geography of Blame." Somatosphere, March 6.

Bradley, Jane. 2020. "In Scramble for Coronavirus Supplies, Rich Countries Push Poor Aside."  New York Times, April 9.

Chorev, Nitsan. 2012. The World Health Organization between North and South. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Chorev, Nitsan. 2019. Give and Take: Developmental Foreign Aid and the Pharmaceutical Industry in East Africa. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Chorev, Nitsan and Andrew Schrank. 2017. "Professionals and the Professions in the Global South: An Introduction." Sociology of Development 3(3):197-211.

de Souza Leão, Luciana and Gil Eyal. 2019. "The Rise of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) in International Development in Historical Perspective." Theory and Society 48(3):383-418.

Flynn, Matthew B. 2014. Pharmaceutical Autonomy and Public Health in Latin America: State, Society and Industry in Brazil’s AIDS Program. New York: Routledge.

Forster, Timon and Alexander E. Kentikelenis. 2019. "Austerity and Health in Europe: Disentangling the Causal Links." European Journal of Public Health 29(5):808-09.

Friedman, Samuel R., Susan C. Kippax, Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya, Diana Rossi and Christy E. Newman. 2006. "Emerging Future Issues in HIV/AIDS Social Research." AIDS 20(7):959-65.

Harris, Joseph. 2017. Achieving Access: Professional Movements and the Politics of Health Universalism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Harris, Joseph. 2019. "The Politics of Expanding Healthcare Access to the Poor and Informal Sectors." Sociological Forum 34(4):818-37.

Harris, Joseph. 2020. “Viruses Don’t Care about Borders.” Contexts, March 30. Special Issue on the Global Impact of COVID-19: Healthcare and Critical Infrastructure Section.

Harris, Joseph and Alexandre White. 2019. "The Sociology of Global Health: A Literature Review." Sociology of Development 5(1):9-30.

Hussey, Peter and Gerard F. Anderson. 2003. "A Comparison of Single-and Multi-Payer Health Insurance Systems and Options for Reform." Health Policy 66(3):215-28.

Kay, Tamara, and Rhonda Lynn Evans. 2018. Trade Battles: Activism and the Politicization of International Trade Policy. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kentikelenis, Alexander E, Thomas H Stubbs and Lawrence P King. 2015. "Structural Adjustment and Public Spending on Health: Evidence from IMF Programs in Low-Income Countries." Social Science & Medicine 126:169-76.

Lakoff, Andrew. 2017. Unprepared: Global Health in a Time of Emergency: University of California Press.

McDonnell, Terence E. 2016. Best Laid Plans: Cultural Entropy and the Unraveling of AIDS Media Campaigns. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Noy, Shiri. 2019. "An Emergent Sociology of Global Health and Development: An Introduction." Sociology of Development 5(1):1-8.

Noy, Shiri. 2018. "Healthy Targets? World Bank Projects and Targeted Health Programmes and Policies in Costa Rica, Argentina, and Peru, 1980–2005." Oxford Development Studies 46(2):164-83.

Noy, Shiri. 2017. Banking on Health: The World Bank and Health Sector Reform in Latin America. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Robinson, Rachel Sullivan. 2017. Intimate Interventions in Global Health: Family Planning and HIV Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Swidler, Ann and Susan Cotts Watkins. 2017. A Fraught Embrace: The Romance and Reality of AIDS Altruism in Africa. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Taub, Amanda. 2020. "A New Covid-19 Crisis: Domestic Abuse Rises Worldwide" New York Times, April 6.

Thornton, Arland, Shawn F. Dorius, and Jeffrey Swindle. 2015. "Developmental Idealism: The Cultural Foundations of World Development Programs." Sociology of Development 1(2):277-320.

Waitzkin, Howard. 2000. The Second Sickness: Contradictions of Capitalist Health Care. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Watkins, Susan Cotts and Ann Swidler. 2013. "Working Misunderstandings: Donors, Brokers, and Villagers in Africa's AIDS Industry." Population and Development Review 38(s1):197-218.


Sociology of Education, Cassidy Puckett and Matt Refalow

Anderson, Monica and Andrew Perrin. 2018. Nearly One-in-Five Teens Can’t Always Finish Their Homework Because of the Digital Divide. Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center.

Benjamin, Ruha. 2019. Race After Technology: Abolitionist Tools for the New Jim Code. Medford, MA: Polity.

Bennett, Susan, Karl Maton, and Lisa Kervin. 2009. "The 'Digital Natives' Debate: A Critical Review of the Evidence." British Journal of Educational Technology 39(5):775-86.

Gonzales, Amy. 2016. “The Contemporary US Digital Divide: From Initial Access to Technology Maintenance.” Information, Communication & Society 19(2): 234-248.

Gonzales, Amy, Jessica McCrory Calarco, and Teresa Lynch. 2018. "Technology Problems and Student Achievement Gaps: A Validation and Extension of the Technology Maintenance Construct." Communication Research 0(0):1-21. Doi:

Gonzalez, Catherine Lizette. 2018. “The Urgent Need to Dismantle School Policing in Communities of Color.” Colorlines, September 13.

Mihailidis, Paul, and Benjamin Thevenin. 2013. “Media Literacy as a Core Competency for Engaged Citizenship in Participatory Democracy.” American Behavioral Scientist 57(11):1611–1622.

Palfrey, John and Urs Gasser. 2008. Born Digital: Understanding the First Generation of Digital Natives. New York: Basic Books.

Patterson, James T. 2001. Brown v. Board of Education: A Civil Rights Milestone and its Troubled Legacy. New York: Oxford University Press.

Reardon, Sean F., and Ann Owens. 2014. “60 Years After Brown: Trends and Consequences of School Segregation.” Annual Review of Sociology 40(1):199-218.

Powers, Jeanne M. 2007. High-Stakes Accountability and Equity: Using Evidence from California’s Public Schools Accountability Act to Address the Issues in Williams v. State

of California.” American Educational Research Journal 41(4):763–95.

Prensky, Marc. 2001. "Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants." On the Horizon 9(5):1-6.

Rafalow, Matthew H. 2018. "Disciplining Play: Digital Youth Culture as Capital at School." American Journal of Sociology 123(5):1416-52.

Shedd, Carla. 2015. Unequal City: Race, Schools, and Perceptions of Injustice. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Sims, Christo. 2014. "From Differentiated Use to Differentiating Practices: Negotiating Legitimate Participation and the Production of Privileged Identities." Information, Communication & Society 17(6):670-82.

Vegas, Emiliana. 2020. “School closures, government responses, and learning inequality around the world during COVID-19.” Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution.


Teaching and Learning in Sociology, Sarah L. Hoiland, Melinda Messineo, Laurie Jordan Linhart

Hochschild, Arlie Russell. 1979. “Emotion Work, Feeling Rules, and Social Structure.” American Journal of Sociology 85(3):551-575.

Steinberg, Ronnie J., and Deborah M. Figert. 1999. “Emotion Labor Since the Managed Heart.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political & Social Science 561(1):8-26.