Technology involves the use of techniques, processes, and material objects to produce goods, provide services, and connect people. Sociologists study the social interactions that result and how they are impacted by different technologies. Research questions include how organizations use technology to achieve their goals, how individuals use technologies to relate to one another and to organizations, and how computing affects the ways individuals, organizations, and societies obtain information, communicate, and surveil each other. Sociology also measures the uneven use of technology among social groups.
Sociologists study how technology affects cultures, social organizations, and social relationships, but also how individuals, groups, and organizations use and modify technologies for their own purposes.