American Sociological Association

Biology and Sociology

Links between biology and sociology may not be obvious. Sociological science demonstrates how the social environment shapes cultural and scientific assumptions about what is “biological” and studies how biological assumptions shape social structures, culture, and interaction.

Sociologists study controversial issues such as how genetics are used to justify the unequal treatment of racial and ethnic groups in the United States, and the way the idea of “race” is based on socially created assumptions rather than genetics. Biological sciences and sociology are converging as new, innovative methods of measuring human physiology allow bio-sociological research to study how the social environment “gets under the skin” to shape human biological and behavioral outcomes.

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