September/October 2014 Issue • Volume 42 • Issue 7

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Obituaries

Deaths

Elaine M. Brody, Philadelphia Geriatric Center, an expert on the elderly and author of Women in the Middle: Their Parent-Care Years, (Springer 2006), died on July 9 at the age of 91.

JoAnn Carmin, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, died on July 15, 2014, of complications from advanced breast cancer.

Peter Freund, Montclair State University, who was Professor Emeritus died June 12, 2014, at the age of 73.

Harvey H. Marshall, Purdue University, died at the age of 74 on May 23 at his home in West Lafayette after a several month struggle with cancer.

Norman Miller, Trinity College, died at home in Brookline, MA, on March 26, 2014. Professor Miller was born in Romania and during WWII served in the U.S. Army.

Lillian B. Rubin, a sociologist and psychotherapist who wrote a series of popular books about the crippling effects of gender and class norms on human potential, died June 17 at her home in San Francisco. She was 90.

Ralph H. Turner, sociologist and pivotal figure in the maturing and expansion of American sociology in the last half of the 20th century recently passed away. He was 95. His full obituary can be viewed here: www.asanet.org/footnotes/septoct14/turner_0914.html

Obituaries

JoAnn Carmin
1957– 2014

It is with deep sadness that we report the death of Professor JoAnn Carmin, our valued colleague, collaborator and friend, on July 15, 2014, of complications from advanced breast cancer. She had been fighting cancer for years, bravely and without self-pity through many treatments and much suffering, and continued her immensely productive work and mentoring of her students to the end. Her courage, endurance, and continued commitment to her work during her battle with cancer were extraordinary.

JoAnn was an Associate Professor at MIT in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning, and conducted research around the world on environmental governance, policy, and, most recently, on climate adaptation at the local level. She was a leading scholar and top global expert, called upon for expertise by the World Bank, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the global league of cities addressing climate change (ICLEI), and other major institutions. Most recently she was a lead co-author of an excellent chapter on adaptation for the ASA’s Task Force on Climate Change, forthcoming from Oxford University Press.

JoAnn earned her BS and MS degrees at Cornell University in management and organizational theory. She went on to earn her PhD in City and Regional Planning at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill in 1999. She taught first at Virginia Tech, and then at MIT, where she rose to the rank of tenured associate professor. She also was Director of the Program on Environmental Governance and Sustainability in MIT’s Center for International Studies, and gave strong leadership to the department’s graduate programs.

From the beginning of her graduate studies JoAnn showed concern for the many ways in which vulnerable groups are most impacted by environmental burdens, and she spent much of her career studying community responses to environmental inequalities. Her work explored the strategies and tactics used by environmental NGOs and environmental justice activists so that marginalized groups could have more meaningful participation in decisions that impact their land and territories. She did not call herself a scholar-activist, but she was very much one, caring deeply about environmental justice and giving voice to vulnerable populations in her many articles and books.

At MIT, JoAnn became one of the early scholars to study the emerging responses of cities around the world to global climate change. At a time when both policy and academic discussions were centered almost exclusively on mitigating climate change by reducing carbon emissions, she took the risk of focusing on urban adaptation to climate change, one of the most important issues of the 21st century for cities around the world, whether or not mitigation efforts are successful. In just a few years she pioneered a new field, including surveys of municipal governments around the world as well as case study fieldwork on the initiatives of local governments on five continents. At the time of her death she was one of the world’s leading experts on urban policies for adapting to the growing risks of climate change. In 2011-2013 she was awarded a prestigious Abe Fellowship to study in Japan; she also was awarded visiting research fellowships at Yale, Duke, and the Prague University of Economics.

JoAnn published four books, most recently Environmental Inequalities Beyond Borders: Local Perspectives on Global Injustices (with Julian Agyeman) and Green Activism in Post-Socialist Europe and the Former Soviet Union (with Adam Fagan), both published in 2011. She was immensely productive, she exuded competence, and she was an exacting scholar.

As important as her scholarly contributions was her spirit as a human being, as a colleague and as a mentor. She cared deeply about her students and set demanding and uncompromising standards of excellence for them while inspiring them to meet them. JoAnn’s academic and policy achievements are all the more notable in that her path to academia was not direct. Born October 17, 1957, she had a full first career as a high level chef. JoAnn is survived by her sister, Cheryl Carmin, PhD, and by many close friends who became family over the course of her life and work and particularly during her most recent battle with cancer.

Timmons Roberts, Isabelle Anguelovski, Cheryl Carmin, Richard Andrews, Christopher Rootes, David Pellow, and Eric Chu

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Peter E.S. Freund
1940-2014

Peter Freund, Emeritus Professor of Sociology at Montclair State University, born in New York City, died June 12 at age 73 after a struggle with pancreatic and liver cancer.

Peter was loved by many: family, friends, and colleagues. They admired his integrity, feisty and fierce independence, authority-questioning spirit, and ever-ready humor and wit, frequently the comedian. He was a generous, loyal, and true friend, and valued deeply his personal relationships.

Peter was a sociologist, scholar, and thoughtful analyst and critic of environmental issues, such as the social and health consequences of car-dominated transportation and spatial organization; health inequalities and disability; and the impact of systems of social control on human bodies and hence on health and illness.

He authored/coauthored 3 books and numerous articles on these topics. These include The Civilized Body (1982); Health, Illness and the Social Body, with M. McGuire and L. Podhurst (2003, 4th ed.); and The Ecology of the Automobile, with G. Martin (1993). He was writing on violence and civilization at the time of his death, with critical attention to the work of Steven Pinker and Norbert Elias, and has work in press on Norbert Elias and Erving Goffman, in The Palgrave Handbook of Social Theory in Health, Illness and Medicine, (January 2015). Peter published more than 20 articles in a variety of forums, including Social Theory and Health; Capitalism Nature Socialism; Body and Society; Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society; Mobilities; Sociology of Health and Illness; Theory and Society; Critical Public Health; Policy Studies; and Disability and Society.

He was recognized by his peers for contributions to social theory including his analyses of the effects of hierarchy on mind-bodies, especially in relation to their spatial mobility and their use of technology. His guiding interest in his work was, in his words, “to humanize social differences.” He also wrote chapters in edited collections: Driving Lessons: Exploring Systems That Make Traffic Safer and Emotions in Social Life: Social Theories and Contemporary Issues. At Montclair State, he developed a course in the Sociology of Health and Illness. He attended and presented papers regularly at regional, national and international sociological forums, and taught a course on health and transportation issues at the Brecht Forum.

Regarding his teaching, Peter wrote, “It is important to me to have the subjects I teach come alive to students and to have ideas that excite them. I try to infuse my classes with energy, elements of unpredictability and humor so that my lectures have a quality of spontaneity about them…I do not believe in trading relevance for intellectual depth.” He maintained a lending library of books for students relevant to the courses he was teaching. Colleagues commented on his teaching as characterized by a “sound use of humor, and his savvy utilization of examples from everyday life.” His teaching, thinking, and work had longstanding reverberations in the lives of students and colleagues. Students contacted him years later to share how his teaching changed their thinking and perspectives, sometimes career choices. Colleague and friend, David Neal, University of Hertfordshire, with whom he taught in the United Kingdom, wrote, “Without meaning to, over the years, Peter taught me a great deal. This is a good legacy to leave me because I find myself drawing upon it week on week.”

For 35 years, Peter and George Martin, Montclair State University colleague, co-author, and close friend, led the annual Sociology Walk through Manhattan, introducing the New Jersey students and staff to a sociological framework and running commentary on urban life.

He co-authored with Martin on transportation, 1991–2009. They published 1 book, 11 articles, and read 9 papers (in 5 countries). Among the articles are: “Fast Cars/Fast Foods: Hyperconsumption and Its Health and Environmental Consequences” (2008); “Walking and Motoring: Fitness and the Social Organization of Movement” (2004); and “The Commodity That is Eating the World: The Automobile, the Environment, and Capitalism” (1996).

He pursued many passions, including his adamant support of car-free cities and mass transit. He attended Reclaim the Streets rallies as well as many meetings on transportation and spoke publicly—scheduled and unscheduled—lecturing drivers who hogged the streets and endangered pedestrians. One catalyst for his car aversion was when his wife, Miriam Fisher, a pedestrian, was seriously injured by a taxi. He was a founding member of Auto-Free New York. His concern about transportation issues was broad, involving their environmental, ecological, political, economic, health, and social consequences.

Until his recent illness, Peter was a tireless urban hiker and explorer, walked 6 miles the day before hospital admission. He loved to travel, spent summers in Europe, and revisited his Czech roots. He had a hearty appetite, loved and was knowledgeable about beer. He was a great Gilbert and Sullivan fan and would sing the lyrics on request.

He approached life with inquisitiveness, joy in discovery, and exploration. He was straightforward and transparent, without subterfuge, honest and forthright about all facets of his life.

Peter got his PhD at the New School for Social Research, 1969; his MA at Queens College, 1966; and his BA at the University of Maryland, 1962. He studied at Wolfgang von Goethe Universitat, Frankfurt, 1962 and Ludwig-Maximilian Universitat, Munich, 1959. He was fluent in German, used original German sources in his ecology research; had some facility in Czech.

Memorial events and celebration of Peter’s life and a Manhattan Sociology walk with George Martin as guide will occur on November 8 and 9.

Miriam Fisher, Northside Center for Child Development, and George Martin, Montclair State University

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Harvey Huston Marshall
1939-2014

Harvey Marshall joined the Purdue faculty in 1969 after obtaining the PhD in sociology from the University of Southern California. He also received a bachelor’s degree in sociology from San Francisco State University and a master’s degree in sociology from Washington State University. Marshall was an urban sociologist, demographer, and quantitative methodologist. One of his early contributions to the Department was the creation of an advanced statistics sequence that was required for all graduate students.

Professor Marshall’s entire career was as a teacher and scholar and he published extensively on changing patterns of urban change in major metropolitan areas in the United States. Among his many contributions was his early analysis of so-called “white flight” in urban areas as a response to changing policies in school desegregation. Later in his career his interests included the sociology of developing nations. During the 1990-1991 academic year, he was a visiting professor of sociology at the University of Hamburg, Germany. This experience contributed to his growing interest in comparing developed and developing nations.

Professor Marshall was born in San Diego, California, on November 25, 1939, and he grew up in a military family which entailed frequent moves. In 1956, he joined the U.S. Navy, serving on the USS Carbonero, a submarine on duty in the Pacific. Following his time in the Navy, he returned to San Francisco and began his academic studies.

Professor Marshall passed away on May 23, 2014, and is survived by his wife Joan, who is Senior Associate Dean in the College of Liberal Arts, and his son Jeffery who attained his PhD in economics from Stanford University.

Carolyn Cummings Perrucci and Robert Perrucci, Purdue University

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