March 2009 Issue • Volume 37 • Issue 3

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Peter Kollock, a 25-year ASA member and a Sociology Professor at the University of California-Los Angeles, was killed January 10 in a motorcycle accident near his home in Calabasas, CA. He was 49.

G. William Skinner, University of California-Davis, was one of the most innovative social scientists to have turned his attention to China in the past 30 years. He passed away on October 25, 2008.


David A. Ward

David Andrew Ward died suddenly on December 6, 2008, at the age of 65. David served on the faculties of both Washington State University and Clemson University and was department chair at Clemson from 1994-96. He is also a former Associate Editor of the journal Criminology. A social psychologist specializing in deviance, David was the author of three books and more than 20 articles on crime, drug use, and alcoholism.

David’s early scholarly contributions were primarily concerned with alcohol usage and addiction, but he later branched out into studies of deterrence, the effects of labels on future behavior, and tests of hypotheses from self-control theory. He was responsible for one of the cleverest experimental studies of the deterrence hypothesis in the literature. In that experiment he and his co-authors were concerned with whether intoxication affects a person’s ability to assess risk and make rational choices. His research on labeling used the Youth in Transition longitudinal dataset, and it is still one of the very few instances in which structural equation modeling was employed to assess causal direction in the association between deviant labels and deviant behavior. Finally, David’s several articles on self-control theory, using Oklahoma City Survey data, continue to be widely cited.

In addition to his work as a scholar, David is especially remembered for his vibrant classroom personality. He was a gifted lecturer who taught in a wide variety of classroom settings ranging from traditional lecture halls to prison facilities. David was tireless in working with graduate students, at times meeting with them daily to help them get their theses just right. He was also actively involved in alcohol education. During the late seventies he headed a master’s-level training program in Alcohol Studies at Washington State University.

David was born in Memphis, TN, in 1943. His early years included experiences as an evangelical preacher, a barber, and a semi-professional boxer. He received his BA in sociology from Florida Atlantic University in 1971 and his PhD in sociology from University of Florida in 1975.

He is survived by his son David A. Ward II, his brother Eldon (Bud) Ward, and his former wife Leslie Eppenstein.

Ellen Granberg, Clemson University; Charles Tittle, North Carolina State University; and James Witte, Clemson University

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Laura Winterfield

Laura A. Winterfield, 61, a criminologist and senior research associate with the Urban Institute who had also worked at the National Institute of Justice and other policy research agencies, died December 28 of cancer at her home in Columbia, MD.

Winterfield was born in Miami, FL, and spent most of her childhood in Denver, CO. She studied with Delbert Elliott, receiving her PhD in sociology in 1980 at the University of Colorado in Boulder, and she completed a post-doctoral program with Professor Alfred Blumstein at Carnegie Mellon University.

After serving as a consultant to correctional and judicial agencies in Colorado, Winterfield moved to New York City in 1984, where she began a career as a policy researcher at the Vera Institute of Justice and later at the New York City Criminal Justice Agency. In New York, her research helped to advance the city’s network of alternative-to-incarceration programs and her work on crime prediction instruments helped to make the courts’ processing of juvenile offenders more efficient and just. At the Vera Institute, Winterfield carried out one of the earliest studies of juvenile offenders to explore the extent to which they went on to adult criminal careers. She evaluated the attempts by New York City prosecutors to decrease times to disposition for defendants held in pretrial custody and the Department of Probation’s Drug Treatment Initiative. Some of her research was in collaboration with her husband, Douglas Young.

Winterfield came to Washington in April 1997 to work for the U.S. Department of Justice where she was Division Chief for Justice Systems Research at the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). During her years at NIJ, she oversaw an expanding portfolio of national research on drug treatment in correctional settings and community-based crime prevention, as well as the national evaluation of the Violent Offender and Truth in Sentencing legislation. She was part of the NIJ editorial team for Volume 3 of Criminal Justice 2000, "Policies, Processes, and Decisions of the Criminal Justice System," and served on the editorial board of the NIJ Journal.

As Division Chief at NIJ, Winterfield managed a research staff with diverse portfolios on courts, corrections, and criminal behavior. Her work with colleagues in other NIJ research divisions was marked by a tireless commitment to ensuring the policy and practice relevance of research. Her talent for articulating transparent models to link programs to outcomes made her a valued and trusted colleague in many research ventures, especially those in the area of corrections and community supervision of offenders. She was a key contributor to the agency’s work on prisoner reentry and reentry program evaluation.

In 2000, Winterfield joined the Urban Institute’s Justice Policy Center where she managed the Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center, conducted research on issues related to community supervision of offenders, and served as an advisor on initiatives of the U.S. Departments of Labor and the Justice aimed at improving the prospects of offenders returning to the community from prison and jail. While at the Urban Institute, she began a series of studies on prisoner reentry and was a key advisor on Returning Home, the Institute’s path-breaking longitudinal study of men and women exiting prison. She also evaluated mental health courts and employment and post-secondary education programs for offenders in cities throughout the United States. Winterfield was also providing technical assistance to the District of Columbia Superior Court on its programs for mentally-ill offenders. She developed crime prediction tools for the District’s Court Services and Office of Offender Supervision agency to guide decisions about releasing defendants awaiting trial.

During her career, Winterfield fostered partnerships between researchers, practitioners, and policymakers and worked to improve the criminal justice system through systematic research and policy analysis.

Survivors include her husband of 19 years, Douglas Young, and two children, Risa Young and Joseph Young, and a sister, Lisa Skillington.

Terrence Dunworth, The Urban Institute; Thomas E. Feucht, National Institute of Justice; and Christy Visher, University of Delaware

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James Rutland Wood

James Rutland Wood, Professor of Sociology Emeritus at Indiana University-Bloomington, died December 8, 2008, at his home in Bloomington, IN. He was born June 18, 1933, in Vina, AL. His parents, grandparents, and several aunts and uncles were public school teachers or Methodist ministers.

Jim received his bachelor’s degree in philosophy from Vanderbilt University, where he graduated magna cum laude and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. In 1958, he earned his Master of Divinity degree from Yale University. He returned to Alabama as a Methodist minister and was the founding pastor of Edgemont United Methodist Church in Florence, AL. In 1964 Jim returned to Vanderbilt, where he received his PhD in sociology.

In his 30-year career in sociology at Indiana University beginning in 1967, Jim Wood worked as an organizational theorist and concentrated on nonprofit organizations and voluntary associations, including churches. A major theme of his work was leadership amid controversy. Jim authored two books on voluntary organizations published in 1981: Leadership in Voluntary Organizations: The Controversy Over Social Action in Protestant Churches and Organized for Action: Commitment in Voluntary Associations (with David Knoke). Jim also published numerous articles and book chapters, many in the flagship journals in sociology as well as top specialty journals in his field.

Jim served as Associate Director for the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University and the Director of the Project on Governance of Nonprofit Organizations. In this latter position he managed a budget of more than $1.6 million from the Lilly Endowment to award fellowships to ensure a productive next generation community of scholars concerned with governance, management, and theoretical issues pertaining to nonprofit organizations and to civil society. Many of those funded went on to have highly productive careers. Jim remained active in his research after his retirement in 1998 and authored his third book, Where the Spirit Leads: The Evolving Views of United Methodists on Homosexuality in the year 2000.

James G. Hougland, Jr., was a student of and collaborator with Wood. In the following he captures Jim’s contributions as a mentor:

I began my working relationship with Jim at a time when my self-confidence was at a very low level, but Jim took a lot of time (during a period when he had to worry about his own promotion and tenure) to convince me that I had something worthwhile to contribute. At his suggestion, I began a project on the Methodist Church’s changing stance regarding alcohol after the repeal of Prohibition. I collected some interesting data but wrote a totally unwieldy paper. Jim, however, saw promise in the paper and worked with me for over a year to develop it into a publishable article. As I was completing my coursework, Jim received funding for a major study of Protestant congregations in Indianapolis. Besides giving me access to a rich data set for my dissertation and for subsequent publications, Jim used the project as an opportunity to contribute to my professional development. Throughout the project, he treated me as a colleague, allowing me to participate fully in discussions regarding questionnaire construction, sampling, and all other aspects of the project. Later, his patient and thorough feedback as I struggled with writing a dissertation helped me to improve my ability to explain my ideas and to evaluate them on the basis of evidence. By the time I defended the dissertation, Jim and I had developed a working relationship that was solid enough that we would continue collaborating for several years. I consistently think of the Wood-Hougland collaboration as a highlight of my career, and I remain profoundly grateful that he was willing to work with me.

Jim held several administrative positions at Indiana University, including Associate Dean of the Budget for the College of Arts and Sciences from 1981 to 1984 and then Acting Dean of the College in 1984-85. He then returned to the Department of Sociology where he served as the Chair from 1986-90. This period was a time of important transitions in the department and Jim led with a quiet but steady hand.

Jim is survived by his wife of 53 years, Myriam Revel Wood; his daughter, Lillette Wood and son-in-law, Daniel Pratter; his son, Paul Wood and daughter-in-law, Angela Kolonay Wood; and by his grandchildren, Sarah Pratter, Adam Wood, Rachel Pratter, and Eric Wood. He is also survived by his brother, Robert Wood, and sister-in-law, Lillian Wood.

William A. Corsaro, Indiana University, Bloomington, with help from James G. Hougland, Jr., University of Kentucky

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