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In the January 2005 Footnotes issue Public Sociology column (p. 7), a related but incorrect website URL was printed for the Global Carbon Project. The correct URL is

The February 2005 Footnotes (p.1) inadvertently claimed University of Pennsylvania historian Michael W. Zuckerman as one of our own ASA members. He had authored the lead article “Philadelphia: The City,” the first article in our series highlighting ASA’s upcoming 2005 centennial meeting in Philadelphia. Zuckerman is Professor of History and one of the nation’s best colonial historians.

Call for Papers and Conferences

Association for Humanist Sociology Annual Meeting, October 26-30, 2005, Radisson Riverwalk Hotel, Tampa, FL. Theme: “Nonviolence and the Struggle for Social Justice.” Send proposals for papers or sessions related or unrelated to the theme by June 10 to Dennis Kalob, Program Chair, Department of Sociology and Social Work, New England College, Henniker, NH 03242; email

Inter-Ivy Sociology First Annual Symposium (IISS), April 9, 2005, will be hosted by Yale University. Graduate students from Ivy League campuses are invited to submit an abstract (approx. 200 words) by March 15, 2005. “Re-imagining Community” is the theme but papers on any subject are welcome. Email submissions to For more information: Symposium coordinator: Molly Martinez, Yale University, Department of Sociology, PO Box 208265, New Haven, CT 06520-8265.

Spanish Association of Political Science, September 21-23, 2005, Madrid. One of the working groups is titled “power elites.” Students of elites (political, economic, religious, intellectuals military) are invited to present their research projects and/or their findings in an intellectually encouraging environment. For more information, visit or email or

Systemics, Cybernetics, and Informatics 9th World Multi-Conference, July 10-13, 2005, Orlando, FL. Papers accepted and presenters wanted for topics of research interests. For more information, visit


Innovative Techniques for Teaching Sociological Concepts. Innovative ways to teach a variety of concepts in sociology. Each short description (1-2 pages) consists of: the concept being taught, the teaching objective or student learning outcome, references, material needed, estimated time, a short description of the procedure, interpretation, possible pitfalls, information about the person who wrote the description, and courses in which it might be used. Submission deadline is September 15, 2005. For more information, including a sample concept description in appropriate format, contact Edward L. Kain or Sandi Nenga, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Southwestern University, PO Box 770, Georgetown, TX 78627-0770; (512) 863-1967; email

Journal of the Community Development Society. Special issue on public participation in community-based organizations and local government. Papers are invited that examine techniques used by community development practitioners to enhance citizen participation as well as contemporary trends in grassroots involvement, especially studies focusing on public participation as it relates to inequality faced by low-income and minority communities. Deadline: June 1, 2005. Contact guest editor before making submissions, at Robert M. Silverman, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University at Buffalo, 201K Hayes Hall, 3435 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14214; email

Journal of Contemporary Ethnography announces a call for papers for a special issue on “Social Constructionism and Social Inequality.” We welcome papers that use qualitative, interpretive methods to study how putative inequalities are defined, framed, narrated, and/or symbolically enacted in diverse ways. Papers should examine “inequality,” “domination,” “exploitation,” “superiority,” and similar issues primarily (if not exclusively) from the viewpoints of social actors, rather than analysts. We also invite theoretical statements on the risks and benefits of constructionist approaches to the qualitative study inequality. Papers may be grounded in phenomenology, ethnomethodology, interactionism, narrative analysis, and other interpretive frameworks. Deadline for submissions is June 1, 2005. Send manuscripts via email attachment to, or send four hard copies and an electronic copy on disk to the editor of this special issue, Scott R. Harris, Department of Sociology & Criminal Justice, Saint Louis University, 3500 Lindell Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63103.

Journal of Social and Ecological Boundaries, Theme: “Homeland Security and Immigration.” Seeking submissions pertaining to homeland security with an emphasis on immigration. Especially seeking submissions of work whose interdisciplinarity speaks to the journal’s mission. Send electronic submissions by April 30 as an e-mail attachment in format or WORD format. To submit, or for more information, contact Judith Warner at or Dan Mott, or

The Political Sociology Syllabi Set, published by the American Sociological Association Teaching Resource Center. Accepting syllabi for undergraduate and graduate courses in Political Sociology or related special topics courses. Send one single-sided, hard copy of syllabus and a diskette or CD-ROM in WORD format to Sarah Sobieraj, Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminal Justice, Towson University, 8000 York Road, Towson, MD 21252.

Research in Political Sociology is accepting manuscripts for volume 15, which will focus on ‘Politics and Globalization.’ The primary objective of Research in Political Sociology is to publish high quality, original scholarly manuscripts that advance the understanding of politics in society. Research in Political Sociology publishes research that represents a wide array of substantive areas, methods, and theoretical perspectives. Manuscripts submitted for volume 15 should be directed toward understanding and explaining the relationship between “Politics and Globalization.” Four copies of the manuscripts should be submitted to Harland Prechel, Department of Sociology, 4351 Academic Building, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4351. The tentative deadline for submission of manuscripts for volume 15 is June 1, 2005.

Research in Social Science and Disability, an annual volume series published by Elsevier, seeks submissions for Volume 5. Not a theme volume; seeking papers on any relevant topic. Papers should not exceed 40 double-spaced pages. Four copies should be submitted by April 1, 2005, to Sharon Barnartt, Department of Sociologicy, Gallaudet University, Washington, DC 20002; email


March 24-26, 2005. Trading Justice: NAFTA’s New Links and Conflicts, a transnational symposium co-sponsored by the Center for Research on Women and the Benjamin L. Hooks Institute for Social Change, University of Memphis. For more information, visit

April 1-2, 2005. Eastern Community College Social Science Association Annual Meeting, Northern Virginia Community College, Loudoun Campus, Sterling, VA. Theme: “Advancing the Social Sciences in the Information Age: Change, Innovation, and Research.” Contact Rosalyn King, (703) 450-2629; email

April 7-10, 2005. Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton Hotel, Chicago, IL. Contact: William Morgan, Executive Director, Midwest Political Science Association, 210 Woodburn Hall, Bloomington, IN 47405.

June 23-26, 2005. American Association of Family & Consumer Sciences National Conference, Minneapolis, MN. Theme: “Sizing Up America: Obesity Causes, Effects, and Solutions.” For more information visit

September 8-10, 2005. Research Committee on Poverty, Social Welfare, and Social Policy Annual Conference, International Sociological Association, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL. Theme: “Restructuring Welfare States: Restructuring States, Restructuring Analysis.” For more information visit

November 10-12, 2005. Georgia Political Science Association Conference, Mulberry Inn on Bay Street, Savannah, GA. Inderdisciplinary conference. For more information, visit

November 16-19, 2005. National Council on Family Relations Annual Conference, Hyatt Regency, Phoenix, AZ. Theme: “The Multiple Meanings of Families.” For more information, visit and click on Conferences.


American Institute of Indian Studies 2005 fellowship competition invites applications from scholars who wish to conduct research in India. Junior fellowships are awarded to PhD candidates to conduct research for their dissertations in India for up to 11 months. Senior fellowships are awarded to PhD-holding scholars for up to nine months of research in India. Application deadline is July 1, 2005. For more information and applications, contact the American Institute of Indian Studies, 1130 E. 59th Street, Chicago, IL 60637; (773) 702-8638; email;

Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR PAR-05-026). The ultimate goal of this Participatory Action Research (PAR) is to support research on health promotion, disease prevention, and health disparities that is jointly conducted by communities and researchers. Several institutes and offices within NIH, CDC and AHRQ have joined together to support this initiative. Applications should be relevant to both the objectives of the PAR and to at least one of the participating organization’s general research interests. Researchers are strongly encouraged to both review the general research interests of the participating institutes supporting this announcement and to review the examples of topics of interest specific to CBPR. While not an exhaustive list, CBPR projects focused on the following areas of health promotion, disease prevention, and health disparities are encouraged. Applications are due on May 17, 2005. Full details on the announcement can be found online at: An audiofile is available from the January 28 technical assistance conference call for prospective applicants to the federal program announcement PAR-05-026 on the Community-Campus Partnerships for Health homepage at During the call, representatives of federal agencies participating in PAR-05-026 provided an overview of the program announcement and answered questions from prospective applicants.

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Investigator Awards in Health Policy Research program funds qualified individuals to undertake broad studies of America’s most challenging policy issues in health and health care. Grants of up to $275,000 are awarded. Applications are welcome from investigators from a variety of fields affiliated either with educational institutions or with 501 c(3) nonprofit organizations in the United States. Letter of intent deadline: April 1, 2005. For the complete Call for Applications and more information, visit

Social Science Research Council and the Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership, Abe Fellowship Program. Scholars and non-academic professionals from all fields are encouraged to apply. The program is designed to encourage international multidisciplinary research on topics of pressing global concern. For more information, visit

In the News

The American Sociological Association was mentioned in the February 2 Chronicle of Higher Education regarding the importance of Bureau of Labor Statistics data on U.S. female workers for research and policy purposes.

Robert C. Bulman, Saint Mary’s College of California, was quoted in a January 12 article in the Contra Costa Times about the film Coach Carter and high school sports movies in general. He was also quoted in a January 24 article in the Sacramento Bee about the 20th anniversary of the high school film The Breakfast Club.

Andrew Cherlin, Johns Hopkins University, was the subject of a January 5 Christian Science Monitor article on the future of marriage. He was also quoted and his study on women who were physically or sexually abused avoiding stable, intimate relationships was cited in a January 23 Toronto Star article. His research from American Sociological Review was also the topic of a January 21 article and an article.

Lee Clarke, Rutgers University, was quoted in The Press on January 19 about how citizens try to make sense of natural disasters.

Ashley (“Woody”) Doane, University of Hartford, authored an op-ed article in the January 16 issue of the Hartford Courant. In the article, Doane discussed how most celebrations of Martin Luther King Day ignore King’s advocacy of economic justice and his opposition to institutional racism and the war in Vietnam.

Amitai Etzioni, George Washington University, was interviewed by CNN for a story about Tony Blair that aired January 29.

Leslie Hossfeld, North Carolina State University-Pembroke, was quoted in the February 2 Chronicle of Higher Education regarding the importance of Bureau of Labor Statistics data on U.S. female workers for research and policy purposes.

Tracy Kennedy, doctoral student at the University of Toronto, was quoted in the online Microsoft Home magazine.

Paul Lachelier, University of Wisconsin-Madison, wrote an op-ed on “A Civic Ethic for the New Year” that appeared in the January 1 Albuquerque Journal and the January 2 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

Nicole P. Marwell, Columbia University, had an article written in the winter 2004 issue of the Stanford Social Innovation Review about her research on the political activities of nonprofit organizations. The article discussed the main points of her paper “Privatizing the Welfare State: Nonprofit Community-based Organizations as Political Actors,” which was published in the April 2004 issue of the American Sociological Review.

Mansoor Moaddel, Eastern Michigan University, wrote a commentary on “Are the Saudis Fanatics?” that was published in Reforma (Mexico), The Independent (Bangladesh), Den (Ukraine), Danas (Serbia), Ziua (Romania), Taipei Times (Taiwan), Daily Times (Pakistan), Islam Daily, Iran Daily (Iran), and Asia News between August 25 and September 2, 2004. His values survey in Saudi Arabia was mentioned in Al-Riyadh Daily on September 24, 2004.

Orlando Patterson, Harvard University, wrote an op-ed about President Bush’s inauguration speech on freedom in the January 22 New York Times.

Linda Quirke, McMaster University, was quoted in a November 22, 2004 Maclean’s magazine article about her research on parenting culture and private schools. The article also referenced McMaster colleagues Scott Davies and Janice Aurini’s research on private tutoring.

Chris Rhomberg, Yale University, was interviewed about his book, No There There: Race, Class and Political Community in Oakland, on the program Against the Grain, KPFA radio (Berkeley, CA) on December 28, 2004.

Research by David Riesman, Harvard University, was mentioned in educational psychologist Howard Gardner’s January 16 Washington Post review of Malcom Gladwell’s new book Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking.

Paul D. Roof, San Juan College, was featured on the television program, This That & the Other, December 12, 2004, in Farmington, New Mexico. The program was a panel discussion with psychology, history, math, and sociology professors about the Honors Program that is in place and recruiting students at San Juan College.

Robert Sampson, Harvard University, was quoted for his research on perceived disorder in neighborhoods in a January 23 Chicago Tribune article about an Asian neighborhood in Chicago.

Kimberlee Shauman, University of California-Davis, was mentioned in a January 30 Washington Post opinion piece by psychologist and linguistics professor Virginia Valian, Hunter College and CUNY-Graduate Center, for her research on barriers to women in pursuing mathematics and science careers.

Catherine Richards Solomon, Quinnipiac University, had her research on retirement and housework featured in a January 12 article in the Connecticut Post.

Yu Xie, University of Michigan, was mentioned in a January 30 Washington Post opinion piece by psychologist and linguistics professor Virginia Valian, Hunter College and CUNY-Graduate Center, for research on barriers to women in pursuing mathematics and science careers.


Communitarian Network, essay contest on communitarian thinking. First prize is $10,000, second prize is $5,000, third prize is $2,500. Essays may deal with philosophical, sociological, or other elements of communitarian thinking. Communitarian thinking must be evident throughout the essay; it should nurture and guide the analysis rather than be mentioned occasionally. Essays must not have been previously published. Send essays to The Communitarian Network, 2130 H. Street, NW, Suite 703, Washington DC 20052. Please address them “Attention: Contest.”

Mathematical Sociology Section of the American Sociological Association, Graduate Student Paper Award. The award is given for the best paper written or published during the past three calendar years (2002-2004). A dissertation chapter or paper based on the dissertation is eligible. All authors of nominated papers must have been graduate students at the time of authorship. Awards for multiple authored papers will be shared equally by authors. Deadline is April 1, 2005. Send nominations to Noah Mark, Department of Sociology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305; email

Sociologists for Women in Society (SWS), Cheryl Allyn Miller Award. Award is given to recognize a sociology graduate student or a recent doctorate whose research or activism constitutes an outstanding contribution to the field of women and work. This contribution may take the form of scholarly or policy research or activism. It may be completed work or work in progress, and should be sufficiently close to completion that the applicant can concisely describe and contextualize the contribution to the field. The award is $500 and will be presented at the banquet at the August 2005 SWS meeting. Air travel to the meeting and a ticket to the banquet will be paid by SWS. Applicants must belong to or join SWS. Send a two- to three-page curriculum vitae, a cover page with contact information, an abstract and paper of article length in suitable style for submission to a scholarly journal. Send three copies by May 15, 2005 to Kirsten Dellinger, Associate Professor of Sociology, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, 203 Leavell Hall, University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677; email

Summer Programs

International School for Humanities and Social Sciences, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Summer Institute on Sexuality, Culture, and Society, July 3-28, 2005. Participate in courses, seminars, and dialogues in Amsterdam on the cultural and social dimensions of human sexuality. For more information, contact, or visit

Family Research Consortium IV. “Trauma, Stress, and Difficult Life Transitions: Crossing Borders, Crossing Boundaries,” June 23-25, 2005. PhD or equivalent degree required to attend. Visit for more information.

Members' New Books

Wayne Baker, University of Michigan, America’s Crisis of Values: Reality and Perception (Princeton University Press, 2005).

Xiangming Chen, University of Illinois-Chicago, As Borders Bend: Transnational Spaces on the Pacific Rim (Rowman and Littlefield, 2005).

Xavier Coller, Universidad de Barcelona, and Roberto Garvìa, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Anàlises de Organizaciones (Centro de Investigaciones Sociològicas, 2005).

Tim B. Heaton, Stephen J. Bahr., and Cardell K. Jacobson, Brigham Young University, Statistical Profile of Mormons: Health, Wealth, and Social Life (Mellen Press, 2004).

Shirley A. Hill, University of Kansas, Black Intimacies: A Gender Perspective on Families and Relationships (AltaMira Press, 2005).

Harry H. Hiller, University of Calgary, ed., Urban Canada: Sociological Perspectives (Oxford University Press, 2005).

Cardell K. Jacobson, Brigham Young University, ed., All God’s Children: Racial and Ethnic Voices in the LDS Church (Bonneville Books, 2004).

Stephen Kalberg, Boston University, ed., Max Weber: Readings and Commentary on Modernity (Blackwell Publishers, 2005).

Stephen J. McNamee and Robert K. Miller, Jr., University of North Carolina-Wilmington, The Meritocracy Myth (Rowman and Littlefield, 2004).

Roberta Satow, Brooklyn College, Doing the Right Thing: Taking Care of Your Elderly Parents Even If They Didn’t Take Care of You (Tarcher/Penguin, 2005).

Richard A. Settersten, Jr., Case Western Reserve University, Frank F. Furstenburg, Jr., University of Pennsylvania, and Ruben G. Rumbaut, University of California-Irvine, eds., On the Frontier of Adulthood: Theory, Research, and Public Policy (University of Chicago Press, 2005).

A. Kathryn Stout, Dominican University, Richard A. Dello Buono, Dominican University, and William J. Chambliss, George Washington University, eds., Social Problems, Law, and Society (Rowman and Littlefield, 2004).

David Wagner, University of Southern Maine, The Poorhouse: America’s Forgotten Institution (Rowman and Littlefield, 2005).

Rose Weitz, Arizona State University, Rapunzel’s Daughters: What Women’s Hair Tells Us About Women’s Lives (Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2005).

Robert P. Wolensky, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, and Nicole H. Wolensky, University of Iowa, Voices of the Knox Mine Disaster: Stories, Reflections, and Remembrances of the Anthracite Coal Industry Last Major Catastrophe, January 22 1959 (Pennsylvania Historical and Commission Press, 2005).


Juan Battle was promoted to Professor at Hunter College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York.

Jessie Daniels, Hunter College, has been selected as a Scholar-in-Residence with the International Center for Tolerance Education in New York City for 2005-2006.

Phil Nyden, Loyola University-Chicago, was selected as “Faculty Member of the Year” for his contributions in sociology and in establishing the Center for Urban Research and Learning, a collaborative university-community research center.

Salvador Vidal Ortiz has accepted an Assistant Professor position in the Department of Sociology at American University starting in fall 2005.

Karen Pyke, University of California-Riverside, was granted tenure and promoted to Associate Professor.

Pepper Schwartz, University of Washington, will be a Marsico Visiting Scholar at the University of Denver for the spring quarter 2005. She will be teaching in the Department of Sociology and Criminology.


Judith Auerbach, American Foundation for AIDS Research, received the 2005 Mentor Award from the Public Leadership Education Network at the Helen Dwight Reid Educational Foundation in Washington, DC, in February.

Anthony Cortese, Southern Methodist University, received the Outstanding Academic Title Award from Choice magazine for the publication of Provocateur: Images of Women and Minorities in Advertising (2nd edition, Rowman & Littlefield, 2004).

Douglas Harper, Duquesne University, and Helene M. Lawson, University of Pittsburgh-Bradford, received the Outstanding Academic Title Award from Choice magazine for the publication of Cultural Study of Work.


Che Fu-Lee, Catholic University, died in early February.

Laure M. Sharp, a retired sociologist from the Bureau of Social Science Research, died of complications from a stroke on February 1.


Robert K. Bain

Robert K. Bain, Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Purdue University, died on January 20, 2005, following a lengthy illness.

Bain earned his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Chicago in 1947 following service in the Air Force during World War II. He then earned a Master of Arts degree from the University of North Carolina and the Doctor of Philosophy degree from the University of Chicago. All of the degrees were in sociology.

As a graduate student at Chicago, Bain was a member of the group that studied occupations and professions with Everett C. Hughes. His dissertation research concerned the recruitment, socialization, and organizational fit of life insurance agents.

After completing graduate studies, Bain was employed by the United States Office of Education as a survey statistician to conduct policy-relevant studies of teacher training, utilization, and turnover. Survey methodology was also an interest. After two years in government, he opted for an academic career.

Bain joined the faculty of Purdue’s Department of Sociology in 1959 to strengthen its offerings in educational and industrial sociology. Apart from visiting professorships in England and Norway, he remained at Purdue until his retirement in 1987.

Professionally, Bain could be described as an applied sociologist, and as a person he was an activist. His early work appeared in Human Organization, the journal for applied anthropologists guided by Margaret Mead and William Foote Whyte. He was interested in the teaching process and shared the responsibility of lecturing the large sections of introductory sociology.

Bain was known as a sympathetic mentor by the graduate students within the department. On various occasions, he spent an extraordinary amount of time and effort to save an African student from deportation, extracted another student from an unhappy working relationship with his major professor, and found money for a third who was living in his car.

Having been influenced by the Depression and World War II, Bain was a New Deal Democrat. He was deeply involved in local, state, and national politics. In this respect, his professional and personal lives merged. In a tribute to her father at his funeral, Bain’s daughter, Laura, said it was appropriate that he died on Presidential Inauguration Day. He seemed to be saying he had done as much as he could, and it was up to the rest of us now.

Robert L. Eichhorn, Purdue University

Frederick H. Buttel

Fred Buttel hoped he was always a “fundamentally decent human being,” and he was. In the academic world with more than its share of over-inflated egos and outrageous arrogance, Fred was a modest man. He was the co-author of four books and across his career published some 230 scholarly articles and book chapters. He was the co-editor of nine volumes, and his work fundamentally changed the face of rural sociology, powerfully influenced environmental sociology, and has a prominent place in science and technology studies. And yet when he was toasted at a symposium last August in his honor, scholars from around the country and around the world remembered him as an extraordinary mentor and steadfast friend, somebody who always had time for graduate students and junior scholars and made the careers of not a few of them.

Fredrick H. Buttel was born in Freeport, Illinois, on October 15, 1948, the son of a farmer and a schoolteacher. His life in higher education began and ended at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW). He received his BS from the UW in 1970. He received a master’s degree in sociology from the UW in 1972, and then spent a year at Yale getting a masters degree in environmental studies before returning to the UW for his PhD. He did short stints on the faculties at Michigan State and Ohio State before landing at Cornell, where he taught from 1978 through 1991.

It was while at Cornell that Fred published The Rural Sociology of Advanced Societies (1980) with Howard Newby. It is not an exaggeration to say that that book remade and revitalized a field of inquiry many viewed as moribund. In that volume and subsequent work, Buttel gave attention to problems of structured inequality and power in agriculture, initiating what was then called the “new rural sociology.”

In 1992, Fred returned to the University of Wisconsin to run the Agricultural Technology and Family Farm Institute (ATFFI) and join the faculties of Rural Sociology and Environmental Studies. At ATFFI, he developed a professional staff and built viable partnerships. Under Fred’s leadership, ATFFI’s research and extension work became clearly focused, and the Institute, renamed the Program for Agricultural Technology Studies, emerged as a highly valued source for quantitative data on themes that cut across disciplines, organizations, and vested interests.

During his time at Wisconsin, he was a leader in the sociological study of agricultural biotechnology as well as in the area of agriculture and globalization. In the sociology of the environment area, Fred worked to develop a comprehensive, but non-deterministic, approach to the “natural environment” as a sociological problem and to show the complementarity of constructivist and political economy approaches. His book with Craig Humphrey, Environment, Energy, and Society (1982), played a major role in bringing the environment to the attention of sociologists and making it a legitimate subject for sociological study.

A superstar since early in his career, Fred was elected a fellow of the AAAS while still in his 30s, and he subsequently received awards from an array of organizations: the Distinguished Rural Sociologist Award (2004, Rural Sociology Society), the Award for Excellence in Research (1993, Rural Sociology Society), the Award for Distinguished Contributions (1994, Section on Environment and Technology, American Sociological Association), and the Merit Award (1999, Natural Resources Research Group, Rural Sociology Society). In 2004, Fred received the University of Wisconsin=s highest honor, selection as a Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation Professor.

Fred was deeply committed to serving the scholarly community. He served as president of the Rural Sociology Society, and president of the Agriculture, Food and Human Values Society. He served in a host other elected posts for organizations ranging from the American Association for the Advancement of Science to the American Sociological Association (ASA) and served the University of Wisconsin community in a wide range of capacities. In ASA, among other positions, Fred served as chair of the Environment and Technology section from 1987 to 1989.

Fred was a public intellectual before Russell Jacoby popularized the term in the late 1980s and well before Michael Burawoy coined the term “public sociology.” He was as at home with farmers and activists as with politicians and sociologists and worked with all of them in search of a more humane world.

Frederick H. Buttel died on January 14, 2005, after more than a decade long fight with neurofibromosarcoma, a cancer of the fibrous tissues surrounding the spinal cord. He is survived by his wife, Pam Clinkenbeard, a daughter, Allison Buttel, a sister, Barbara MacQueen, a niece, Heather MacQueen, and a nephew, Rod MacQueen.

Daniel Lee Kleinman and Jack R. Kloppenburg, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Robert O. Carlson

Robert O. Carlson, a sociologist who won eminence in public opinion research, public relations, and university administration, died on January 31 in Scottsdale, Arizona, of complications following pneumonia. He was 83.

Carlson was president of the American Association for Public Opinion Research in 1960-61. Like many other practitioners of opinion research, he developed great substantive expertise on the subjects he studied and built a new career around it.

Carlson was a native of Erie, Pennsylvania, then a General Electric company town, and was the first in his family to get a higher education. He entered the Army shortly after graduating from the University of Pittsburgh and served as a signal intelligence officer in the Pacific theater during World War II. He earned his PhD in sociology at Columbia University under the tutelage of Paul Lazarsfeld. He did the fieldwork for his dissertation in rural Mississippi on a grant from the U.S. Public Health Service, which wanted to learn what methods of persuasion could be most effective in getting poor and uneducated sufferers from venereal disease to come to clinics for treatment.

As an associate of Columbia’s Bureau of Applied Social Research, Carlson conducted research for the Voice of America in the Middle East, interviewing Jordan’s King Abdullah, among other notables. His findings on the spread of information in a region just entering the era of modern communication were incorporated into Daniel Lerner’s influential book, The Passing of Traditional Society.

Carlson’s international experience continued at the Standard Oil Company (NJ), now ExxonMobil, where he directed opinion research for many years. He was prominent among those who espoused the notion of corporate social responsibility, long before this became commonplace. After retiring from Jersey Standard he became president of the Public Relations Society of America and then embarked on a second career in academia as dean of the school of business administration and banking of Adelphi University.

Carlson was widely traveled and widely read. He had a strong aesthetic sense and managed to combine his business trips to exotic regions with shopping expeditions for beautiful objects. He steeped himself in the history and politics of North Africa and Asia.

Carlson’s easygoing manner and strong sense of humor endeared him to colleagues, students and his many friends. After his retirement he moved to Arizona, where he became active in civic affairs and was president of the Arizona Circumnavigators Club. He is survived by Eileen Evers Carlson, his wife for 38 years.

Leo Bogart, New York, New York

William Byrd (“Bill”) Hanson

On Saturday afternoon, February 5, 2005, the community of the University of Mary Washington and of Fredericksburg, Virginia, paused to celebrate the life of Bill Hanson. His passing was noted by a far-reaching and diverse circle of family and friends, former students, community activists and leaders, and individuals whose lives he had profoundly touched. In academe, his passing may go unnoticed because Bill was not widely published and spent most of his professional life teaching at a small undergraduate institution. Yet he was teacher extraordinaire, humanitarian, and liberation sociologist whose life deserves recognition. He championed social justice, peace, and tolerance, challenging generations of students to learn, to think, and to act on issues of social justice such as civil rights, homelessness, hunger, the environment, and capital punishment.

Although Bill’s life was defined by major illnesses such as diabetes and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis that necessitated a lung transplant in 1996, he refused to accept the sick role. He was an advocate for organ donation and for the quality of life that can result from such giving. He was personally active in transplant support groups in the Fredericksburg area.

Bill was born in Washington, DC, the first son of the late Margaret Ludwig Hanson and Jesse Byrd Hanson. He was a lover of sports and played college baseball at Marietta College where he received his BA. He received his PhD in sociology from Brown University in 1968. He taught at Providence College and California State University-Bakersfield before returning to the northeast. In 1981 he began his long-term association with Mary Washington College where he taught and practiced sociology until shortly before his death.

Bill was a social interactionist by trade and this was reflected in all that he did. An example of his collaborative teaching style, “Uncle Bill,” as he was affectionately known by his students, held his classes in a circle, assigning students to sit together in semester-long work groups. If a student was absent, in her or his place sat an empty chair with a boldly marked name card announcing an empty space and a missing voice. Creating a symbolic physical place for each student was Bill’s way of making learning both a community experience and a community responsibility.

There was never a clear definition between Bill’s work and his life. He was active in the local food bank, homeless shelter, and free health clinic, always encouraging student volunteers and interns to “get involved.” His book, Life with Heroin: Voices from the Inner City, is an edited volume of vignettes of heroine addicts, each telling personal stories of struggle and survival. He was committed to civil rights and to the life of activist James Farmer, who held an honorary Chair of Excellence at the College, until his death from diabetes in 1999. Bill was a strong supporter of the James Farmer scholars, of the James Farmer Multicultural Center, and of minority staff and faculty colleagues. He was a mentor to many and his legacy will live on in the lives of his students and protégés. His presence will be deeply missed.

Bill Hanson was a devoted husband, father, brother, and son. He is survived by wife Roxane Scharry Hanson, son, Jesse, 25, and daughter, Megan, 22, and by two younger brothers, Bob and John Hanson.

Vicky M. MacLean, Middle Tennessee State University

Gene Levine
Gene Norman Levine, Professor Emeritus of Sociology at University of California-Los Angeles, died in Santa Monica in summer 2004, at the age of 74. Those who knew Gene will remember him better as a man of far-ranging intellectual interests and a hunger for life, an elegance of expression and self-presentation, a loyalty to friends, and a generosity to students, rather than for his strictly academic achievements.

Gene was haunted by the anti-Semitism that he suffered as a child and adolescent, and no less by homophobia. At the same time, both Judaism and the gay life were touchstones for Gene of enormous value, coloring (as did oppression) the sociology that he pursued. No less was his bipolar disorder both an abiding curse and a source of identity.

At Columbia University, where he took his doctorate in sociology, his 1959 dissertation focused on questions of political sociology, employing materials from Lipset’s Union Democracy study, guided by Robert Merton. Gene considered Lipset, Reinhard Bendix, Renee Fox, Patricia Kendall, and Paul Lazarsfeld as other important early influences. Gene undertook concurrent training in psychoanalysis and pursued postdoctoral study at the University of Chicago Law School. He accepted an appointment thereafter at Columbia’s Bureau of Applied Social Research (BASR), working closely there with Herbert Hyman.

Gene accepted a regular faculty appointment in sociology at UCLA in 1965, focusing especially upon studies of ethnicity. He retired as Professor Emeritus in 1990, moved to Albuquerque, where he pursued a wide range of academic inquiries, some as much literary as sociological, and affiliated himself both with the University of New Mexico and the New Mexico Psycho-Analytic Society. At the time of his death, he was pursuing a study of Princess Marie Bonaparte and another of Minoan art on the Greek island of Paros, where he lived periodically.

The externals of Gene Levine’s professional career point to a less-than-stellar level of success. Nor was Gene’s family life easily designated as entirely successful: He never married, nor maintained a stable co-resident partnership of any considerable duration, and while he remained loyal and deeply engaged with his mother and his sister throughout their lives, by his ironic reports these relationships were marked by conflict and astonishment. Gene’s life, however, went far beyond the ordinary in other realms, where conventional judgments of “success” have less easy application, notably in mentorship, friendship, and elegance.

The distinction between what Gene brought to me as my mentor and what he gave me as my friend is not clear cut, nor is what I learned from him as sociologist and what I learned from him about elegance, especially in language. I first knew Gene as my boss when I was an undergraduate at Columbia, and took a summer gofer job at the BASR that grew to a year-round job and collaboration, as Gene found me apt, eager, and educable. Gene included his young and green acolyte in meetings, seminars, key discussions, helping me understand afterward what had really happened. He offered me plenty of rope. I would take the first shot at interpreting the fresh tables, and Gene would challenge or rearticulate my interpretations; I would prepare the first drafts of sections, which he would worry endlessly. Working with Gene always consisted in working toward le mot just, and l’idee juste. Gene encouraged me to find and explore the fundamental intellectual dilemma of my own professional life: Was I a sociologist or a historian, or what? That kind of open-endedness was characteristic of Gene, and no doubt versions of it influenced the wide range of mentorships that he subsequently pursued. The first definition of sociologist toward which Gene pushed me was Robert Merton, of course.

Gene’s conversation was overflowing, self-referential, romantic, and ironic, by turns: intellectually and morally challenging, and (especially as he aged) elusive. His language was filled with wit and ornament. Was he hiding there, or was it Gene?

For years and years, I, the voice of convention, urged him to put it—put himself—into his sociology, and write for his discipline some texts that might emerge more directly from his intense life. Instead, he learned more languages, ancient and modern, and decorated his occasional letters with all of them.

John Modell, Brown University

Ellen Mara Rosengarten
Ellen Mara Rosengarten, age 54, passed away at Kettering Memorial Hospital on December 9, 2004, after a short illness. Ellen was a 1968 graduate of Meadowdale High School, Kent State University, and obtained a Master’s Degree in sociology at the University of Akron. Upon graduation she began her career as a professor at Sinclair Community College where she taught until her death. She was a dedicated educator and assisted in publication of teaching materials utilized by sociology professors.

Throughout her career, Ellen was an innovator in teaching sociology. She played an instrumental role in proposing and implementing the Center for Applied Social Issues Lab and Research Center at Sinclair. In recent years she developed numerous modules to support the departments’ participation in the Integrating Data Analysis Grant. The modules are now part of the learning resources available for students in the center.

Ellen also served her division and the college as a faculty senator at the college for many years. She was an active member of the ASA and served on the ASA membership committee in 1992.

She was a lifelong resident of the Dayton area. She is survived in death by her husband, Samuel Rosengarten, her son Michael Jacob Rosengarten, her daughters Caroline Laura Rosengarten and Rachel Ariel, and her granddaughter Alexis, all of the Dayton area. She is survived by her parents, Benjamin and Estelle Nason of Florida, her brother and sister-in-law James Michael Nason and Carol Leung of Atlanta, Georgia, her sister-in-law and brother-in-law Debra and Stephen Young, and niece, Jessica Olivia Young of Pleasantville, New York, and her brother Andrew and sister-in-law Terrace, niece Sarah, and nephews Jacob and David Nason of Charleston, West Virginia.

John F. Schnabel
John F. Schnabel, Professor Emeritus, West Virginia University, died January 30, 2005, in a hospice in Ft. Myers, FL. His children and grandchildren were at his side when he passed away peacefully.

A native of Madison, Indiana, John graduated from Hanover College in 1954 with a BA in Psychology and Business Administration. He won a Rotary Foundation Fellowship for Advanced Study in 1956-57, and did graduate work in ecclesiastical history and theology at Edinburgh, Scotland. In 1958 he earned a Bachelor of Divinity Degree in Systematic Theology at the Yale Divinity School and was ordained a Lutheran Minister by the Indiana Synod. In 1961, he earned a Masters Degree in Sacred Theology at the Lutheran Theological Seminary in Philadelphia. He served a number of Lutheran churches in Indiana, culminating as senior pastor of Grace Lutheran Church in Elkhart, IN 1965-69.

The social, political, economic, and military upheavals of the 1960s gradually led John to the social sciences, and in the fall of 1969, John enrolled in the doctoral program in sociology and anthropology at the University of Notre Dame. In doing so John joined two other protestant ministers, Paul Chalfant (Presbyterian), and Gary Hesser (Methodist), as well as several Catholic priests who had been active in civil rights, peace marches, and anti-poverty movements in several mid western cities. That dynamic graduate cohort included Jorge Bustamante, Bob Antonio, Saskia Sassen, Guillermina Jasso, Jim Davidson, and numerous others. The department’s already strong undergraduate teaching program benefited greatly from the varied backgrounds and skills of John, Paul, Garry and others.

John received his Masters in Sociology in 1971 and his PhD from Notre Dame in 1973. Meanwhile, he had joined the Sociology Department at West Virginia University (WVU) in 1972, and retired as professor emeritus in 1997, after a 25-year career in teaching and administration. He became Assistant Dean for Undergraduate Studies in 1985, and Associate Dean for Development at WVU in 1994. During his three years working in development John demonstrated the same enthusiasm for fund-raising for WVU as he did in his teaching. During his 25 years at WVU, he won special recognition from the Minority Students on three separate occasions, and was also recognized by the International Students on two occasions. In 1987, John received West Virginia University’s Outstanding Teacher Award. He was also a guest professor at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, developing new ways of teaching undergraduate students in large classes.

John Schnabel became a major advocate for teaching undergraduates, both within the ASA and within the North Central Sociological Association. He was an early volunteer in the ASA’s Projects on Teaching, leading many workshops on innovative teaching especially in large introductory courses. He was active in the Section on Undergraduate Education and was tireless in serving in various leadership roles and as a mentor to new faculty. John played a key role in the ASA’s Membership Committee, as its first and most enthusiastic chair. He helped institutionalize the Department Resources Group, a network of consultants on teaching. Active and committed to the North Central Sociological Association, John would always appear on the program leading a workshop on teaching.

John married Patsy on July 23, 1960; they were a supportive and devoted couple who shared a broad range of interests in the world of arts and crafts. Their home in Morgantown was a treasure trove of a wide range of antiques, from a rare collection of dolls across the centuries, to rolling pins, miniature china, and rare kitchen items. Their home also reflected the warmth and love they shared with their three children. Pat Schnabel died on February 21, 2001, after a long bout with cancer.

John Schnabel was in a real sense a social gospel Lutheran who found in sociology a way to address social problems and issues in the search for empirical evidence that would expose stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination of all kinds. His commitment to quality undergraduate teaching, and to the large introductory courses, became his secular venue.

He is survived by his three children: John Jeffrey Schnabel, Timothy B. Schnabel, and Mary Kay Schnabel, and three grandchildren. Memorials may be sent in his name to the ASA Teaching Enhancement Fund, ASA, 1307 New York Avenue NW, Suite 700, Washington, DC 20005.

William V. D’Antonio, Catholic University of America; Carla B. Howery, American Sociological Association

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