January 2009 Issue Volume 37 Issue 1

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John T. Doby

John T. Doby, Emeritus Professor of Sociology, Emory University, died on November 1 in Corbin, KY. After a distinguished career in the Air Force during World War II, he received his PhD from the University of Wisconsin and began his career at Wofford College in South Carolina. In 1958 he came to Emory where, over 27 years, he nurtured a highly successful graduate program in sociology.

In those productive years, he published books on social psychology and methodology and several articles and book reviews, and he received several research and training grants for a rapidly developing program. He was one of the founders of the Georgia Sociological Society and served as President of the Southern Sociological Society. He was a frequent consultant to Georgia’s mental health program.

Many of John’s close associates and long-term friends saw him relish his role as scholar, administrator, mentor, debater, and confidante. He combined small-town common sense and humor with the accelerating diversity of metropolitan Atlanta, but he returned to Kentucky in retirement. John had a love for sociology at its core and a critical, Veblenian view of American higher education. He greeted stories and puns with reverberating laughter, even over the phone in recent years. His students and colleagues profited from his concern and knowledge. He will be remembered as a leader, thinker, listener, pragmatist, but above all, friend.

Alvin Boskoff, Emory University, Bob Agnew, Chair Sociology Department, Emory University, and Maggie Stephens, Sociology Academic Department Administrator, Emory University and close friend

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Harold S. Guetzkow

Dr. Harold Guetzkow, professor emeritus of political science, psychology, and sociology at Northwestern University, passed away on November 11, 2008, in San Jose, CA, at age 93. He was preceded in death by his wife, Lauris, whom he married in 1944. He is survived by sons James (Charlotte) and Daniel (Diana) Guetzkow, and his daughter, Gay (Howard) Ben Tre. In his seven decades of active scholarship, he distinguished himself as a vibrant and path-breaking scholar as well as an incredibly talented mentor.

Harold Guetzkow was born in 1915 in Milwaukee. At the age of 15, Harold accompanied his ailing father to Austria. During this visit the family traveled throughout Europe, documenting his visits on a black and white movie camera. After visiting the battlefields and graveyards that scarred the fields of Verdun, France, he became opposed to killing men fighting for another nationality, and he became interested in the decisions that stood behind war. He sold the family construction business in Milwaukee and headed to college. On his way to freshman orientation at the University of Chicago (UC), he met another UC freshman who was to be an important colleague throughout his career, Herbert Simon. Harold taught high school biology for several years in Milwaukee after his graduation.

During World War II, Harold applied for and received status as a conscientious objector (CO). This was based on a deep conviction of the necessity to evaluate of all sides of any serious debate. As a CO, he was working in the Civilian Conservation Corps in northern Michigan. In 1943 he transitioned to resident psychologist at the Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene in the Medical School at the University of Minnesota. In anticipation of the end of the war, and the need to return starving civilians to health in Europe and elsewhere, the laboratory used 36 COs to conduct the Minnesota Starvation Experiment. This lead to Harold’s first book, written with P. H. Bowman, Men and Hunger: A Psychological Manual for Relief Workers, (1946). The Minnesota experiments are widely credited with discrediting the idea that bed rest is a helpful recovery strategy as well as the benefits of high-quality protein versus carbohydrates in recovery diets.

Harold Guetzkow began graduate school in psychology at the University of Michigan after the war, graduating in 1948. His doctoral thesis established the idea of changing context in problem-solving behavior via a series of experiments. After completing his Ph.D, Harold stayed at the University of Michigan as an assistant professor, guiding the Conference Research Project, where he focused on group decision making and information networks in task-oriented committees and groups. During this period, he wrote the classic article, "Long Range Research in International Relations.

At Herb Simon’s invitation, in 1950 he joined the faculty at the Carnegie Institute of Technology, directing the Social Science Laboratory, collaborating to create the field that came to be known as organizational theory. During the early 1950s, summers were spent at the Center for Research on World Political Institutions at Princeton; during this time he wrote his prescient, landmark study, "Multiple Loyalties."

In 1956-57 a sabbatical at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Palo Alto led to his development of the InterNation Simulation, which became a widespread vehicle for pedagogy and research in world politics, focusing on simulated decision making in a hypothetical world. In 1957 he took up joint appointments in political science, psychology, and sociology at Northwestern University, co-directing the International Relations Program. This period was very productive for Harold, yielding landmark books in organizational theory, social psychology, and simulation sciences. From 1958-62 he spent one day a week at the University of Chicago directing a program on Executive Judgment in the business school. Throughout the 1960s and early 1970s he developed and supported the transition to all computer simulations. These efforts, known as the Simulated International Processes project, were widely influential in international relations and led to the volume Simulated International Processes: Theories and Research in Global Modeling (1981). During his final years at Northwestern, Harold began to visit scholars in other continents to spread the idea of collaborative computer simulations for international relations scholarship, a project he termed "Five-Continents project."

After an active and influential career, Harold retired from Northwestern University in 1985, having been feted at the 1985 International Political Science Association meetings with the presentation of a festschrift, Theories, Models, and Simulations in International Relations: Essays in Honor of Harold Guetzkow (1985). After this graduation from Northwestern University, he and Lauris moved to Sunnyvale, CA, and he took up a project focused on the study of values as they affect decision making in the international arena. He began a study of cultural values in decision making with scholars at the Pacific School of Divinity and also began a productive relationship with Kent Kille who brought the project to culmination in 2007 with the publication of The UN Secretary-General and Moral Authority: Ethics and Religion in International Leadership (2007).

A memorial academic symposium is being planned for the latter part of 2009 at Northwestern University. Donations may be made to Northwestern University, for the purposes of the Harold Guetzkow Prize Fund, Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, International Studies Program, 897 Sheridan Road, University Hall, Room 20, Evanston, IL 60201. A memorial website is planned at www.haroldguetzkow.info.

Michael D. Ward (University of Washington) and Daniel Guetzkow (on behalf of the family)

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Duncan MacRae, Jr.

Duncan MacRae, Jr., was appointed Kenan Professor of Political Science and Sociology at the University of North Carolina in 1972 and served in that capacity until his death as emeritus professor in July 2008.

Duncan was a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a Fulbright Research Scholar; he received the Woodrow Wilson Award of the American Political Science Association, and the Donald T. Campbell and Harold D. Lasswell Awards of the Policy Studies Organization. Internationally recognized as one of the founders of public policy analysis, Duncan was among the earliest scholars to distinguish between the methods of social science research and those of public policy analysis. See, for example, Policy Analysis for Public Decisions (1979, with James A. Wilde), Policy Indicators: Links Between Social Science and Public Debate (1985), and Expert Advice for Policy Choice: Analysis and Discourse (1997, with Dale Whittington). Rather than specializing in a particular policy field, Duncan devoted his career to the methods of policy analysis and its application to a wide range of policy issues, including education policies for handicapped children, policies to contain the AIDS epidemic, and the provision of water supplies in developing countries.

A factual recitation of these and other distinguished achievements falls short of conveying the remarkable scope, texture, depth, and multifaceted features of Duncan’s career. Below are reflections presented at a memorial service, titled "Duncan MacRae, Jr., An Inspirational Odyssey."

"I am privileged, honored, and humbled beyond words by the invitation from Amy MacRae to share reflections and recollections about the inspirational life, character, and scholarship of Duncan MacRae whose Scots clan surname means ‘son of grace.’ Grace and gracefulness epitomized Duncan’s personal demeanor and scholarly deftness.

"Besides being an esteemed colleague and an admired scholar, Duncan was a golfing friend and partner with several of us. To me and to colleagues who joined in those endeavors, it was time enjoyably well spent. Indeed, any time in every venue with Duncan was time well spent. A colleague commented, ‘Two things always stood out to me about Duncan, one his devotion to students, the other his incredible golf swing.’

"Duncan’s soaring intellect and academic targeting paralleled his golf swing and ball trajectories. His swing was smooth, compact, fluid, balanced, and refined. It matched his mind in elegance and grace. His personal and professional life included passion, precision, and patience, courtesy, respect, and integrity, joined with excitement and enjoyment in dealing with students and colleagues."

Duncan’s arrival in Chapel Hill from the University of Chicago in 1971 was auspicious in multiple ways. His grandfather had been Dean of the University of North Carolina (UNC) law school and his father a 1909 graduate of UNC at age 18.

Merle, the UNC recruitment intermediary, described Duncan as follows: "Duncan MacRae Jr. was a master scholar of international reputation and a great, great teacher. He was the most actively helpful professor I have ever known. Duncan sat on hundreds of dissertation committees during his long career and used his enormous talents in the service of his students. Duncan combined world-class intelligence with great personal kindness and Scotch practicality. Above all, he was a wonderful person who led a life of integrity, purpose, and achievement."

A long-time colleague captured two features of Duncan wonderfully well—Duncan’s professional commitment to public policy analysis and personal relationships with colleagues. "Duncan was dedicated to improving public life. He was convinced that public policies could be improved through careful analysis. And he devoted his years at Chapel Hill to building both intellectual and human structures for public policy analysis. I also remember him as a friend. Duncan was a kind and gentle man, passionate in his commitment to reason, but understanding of human frailties. Duncan MacRae was not only an intellectual giant and an institution builder; he was also a caring and compassionate human being."

Political scientist Theodore Lowi at Cornell University, writes expansively about Duncan as "one of my most valued colleagues," both when they teamtaught at the University of Chicago in the 1960s and in the years since. The course "was a great success despite our differences. Duncan was a behavioralist, I was a traditionalist. He was far too modest; I was far too full of bombast and rage."

Dale Whittington, was perhaps the closest sustained collaborator. Their book, Expert Advice for Policy Choice (1997), is a definitive work. Whittington said, "Throughout his career he has brought a disciplined and penetrating intellect to the big questions in his field, challenging analysts to reflect more deeply on what they are doing and why they are doing it."

Even in the final days when illness limited Duncan’s communication capacities, he admirably demonstrated these features as he smiled when I spoke to him about undergraduates in public policy analysis and about golf: To live in the minds and hearts of those who remain behind is not to die. Duncan truly lives on.

Deil S. Wright, University of North Carolina

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Richard P. Nadeau

Born in New England, Rick grew up in a Catholic working-class family with two brothers and two sisters. As a young boy, he experienced a love for nature playing with baby ducks and growing a garden at his home. He remembered standing up to local bullies who shot birds. Despite disabilities, particularly severe asthma, back pain, and walking problems, he developed such a large public presence and powerful articulation for social justice that many considered him the strongest person they knew. As a child, kids called him "boneyard" but as an adult some referred to him as "King Kong" (or "the Scorpion" in reference to his union representation skills).

Supporting himself through college, Rick majored in sociology and philosophy, mastering a wide range of intellectual paradigms from Hegel to the beat poets and from the Pre-Socratics to postmodernism. His college years at Southeastern Massachusetts University (now called University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth) launched him into a lasting career as an activist, political essayist, and protest organizer. He helped organize the first protests against the Vietnam War on his campus and the November 1969 anti-war protest, the largest anti-war protest, in Washington, DC. He worked as one of the original Earth Day organizers in 1970. He was invited by noted critical theorist, Herbert Marcuse, who invited him to attend graduate school at University of California-San Diego where he obtained his master’s degree in the late 1970s. After his dissertation chair Marcuse died, he became too depressed to finish his doctoral work.

During 1970s and 1980s, Rick wrote for various underground newspapers, including OB Rag (now online), Whole Damn Pie Shop, New Indicator, Triton Times, and San Diego Onion. He also worked with the American anti-apartheid movement in South Africa. Known for his prodigious oratory, Rick lent his highly informed voice to the major social justice causes of the time. In his spare time, he taught sociology at various colleges.

Throughout 1988-1990, he worked as field manager and later director of Greenpeace San Diego. At that time, he could be seen wearing a magenta t-shirt with a whale saying "Save the Humans." Known affectionately by locals as Mr. Greenpeace and by news crews as Mr. Sound Bite, Rick made local and national news when he attended a press conference. Rick resigned from Greenpeace when the national office objected to his successful local community organizing. Greenpeace had wanted him to focus on official issues rather than local protests. From 1990-92, he was a top recruiter for UC-American Federation of Teachers. Before leaving San Diego, he and others led a protest march against the first Iraqi War, an act that shocked and awed other politicos frozen by inertia.

Leaving a large sphere of friends, Rick moved to Los Angeles to marry sociologist Diana Tumminia. After 1992, Rick began labor organizing and defending faculty rights as an arbitration specialist for the California Faculty Association (CFA). After many years of stellar service, he won the F. Ben Mansell Academic Rights award for excellence in representation in 2005. He was well known on all the California State campuses for his intense and dauntless advocacy of faculty rights.

For many years, he wrote letters to the editor of the Sacramento Bee, which sparked vigorous discussions within adjoining political networks. In the early mornings, Rick offered daily political analysis to friends at the local coffee shop. After retirement from CFA, Rick joined Because People Matter as editor and writer, adding his fiery energy to articles on immigration, the Bush wars, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, and American politics—despite living with the effects of chemotherapy for colon/liver cancer. A few weeks before he died, Rick donated his extensive jazz collection to CSUS music students who will honor him posthumously.

These quotes appeared about him the Sacramento Bee, Nov 26, 2008: Rick’s representation opened all campus e-mail to the union, emails previously banned by the administration. "That was an enormous victory – not just for us, but for all 23 CSU campuses," Susan Green, Chico State, said. "Rick was able to get to the heart of the contract and what was right and wrong and what was fair." And from Gregg Robinson, Grossmont College: "I never argued more with any other friend in my life and I never counted more on a friend who I knew would always be there for me, no matter what."

Rick’s spirit is loved by many for his generous friendships and ferocious representation of underdogs. Wherever Rick was, he added his life-affirming contribution. Rick’s tender-heartedness fueled his passion for the activism. He is sorely missed by large interconnecting circles of family, friends, people, animals, plants, and trees. Memorial donations in his name may be made to Trees for Life International or Trees for Life Zatoun.

Diana Tumminia, California State University-Sacramento logo_small

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