April 2014 Issue • Volume 42 • Issue 4

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Science Policy

Census Bureau Highlights Young Noncitizen Population in the United States

More than three out of five noncitizens under age 35 have been in the United States for five years or more, with a majority arriving before they were 18 years old, according to a brief from the U.S. Census Bureau. The brief, Noncitizens Under Age 35: 2010-2012, uses multiyear data from the American Community Survey to present demographic and socioeconomic information about the noncitizen population under age 35. Noncitizens include legal permanent residents, temporary migrants, unauthorized immigrants and other resident statuses. Some of the facts included in the report includes: almost one-third of the 2.6 million noncitizens age 18 to 24 living in the U.S. were enrolled in college; noncitizens under age 35 represented about one-fourth (26 percent) of the total foreign-born population; and traditional immigration gateway states like California, Texas, New York and Florida account for the majority of noncitizens under 35. For more information, visit www.census.gov/acs/www/guidance_for_data_users/comparing_2012/.

Population Reference Bureau and Casey Foundation Create U.S. Child Well-Being Index

The Annie E. Casey Foundation recently launched its Race for Results Index, a new collection of data developed by demographers at the Population Reference Bureau (PRB). The index disaggregates data by racial and ethnic group and by state in order to measure the “impact of a child’s race on his or her opportunity for success in adulthood,” according to the Foundation. An index is a concise way to describe data over time, across different geographic areas, population groups, and domains for policymakers who are looking for easy ways to understand information. The Race for Results Index compares how children are progressing on key benchmarks for health, education, and family environment as well as neighborhoods. The higher the score (on a scale of zero to 1,000), the better children in that group are doing. At the national level the index shows that no one group is meeting all of the benchmarks. African American, American Indian, and Latino children face some of the biggest challenges to opportunity. For more information, see www.prb.org/Publications/Articles/2014/casey-index-child-wellbeing.aspx.

Change in Leadership of the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research

As of May 5, 2014, Robert M. Kaplan, Associate Director for Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, and Director of the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR), will move to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Kaplan will serve in a new position as Chief Science Officer for the AHRQ. He has made numerous contributions to behavioral and social sciences research at the NIH, including bringing together leaders in mobile technology, behavioral sciences, and clinical research to forge new partnerships in mHealth; leading a variety of activities in dissemination and implementation research in health; and providing support for training in systems science methodologies to facilitate the study of behavioral and social dimensions of health; and representing the NIH with stakeholders. A nationwide search to fill the position of Associate Director for Behavioral and Social Sciences Research/Director will soon begin.


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