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In the March 2000 issue of Footnotes, the story on Washington, DC listed author Kinuthia Macharia's affiliation as American University and the World Bank. He is a full-time faculty member at American University and only consults for the Bank. He can be reached at The website address for The Credit Card Nation was listed incorrectly in the March 2000 issue of Footnotes. The correct address is http://www.

Call for Papers


American Association of University Women Educational Foundation Symposium, November 17-18, 2000, Washington, DC. Theme: “International Perspectives: The Political, Social, and Economic Impact of Education for Women and Girls.” Submission Deadline: May 1, 2000. This forum will explore how women create change in their communities and the world through education. Contact: AAUW Educational Foundation, 1111 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036; e-mail intsymp@;

American Psychological Association, Third Interdisciplinary Conference on Women’s Health, October 4-6, 2001, Hyatt Regency Washington on Capitol Hill, Washington, DC. Theme: “Enhancing Outcomes in Women’s Health: Translating Psychosocial and Behavioral Research Into Primary Care, Community Interventions, and Health Policy.” Deadline: June 30, 2000. Contact: Wesley B. Baker, Conference Coordinator, American Psychological Association, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242; (202) 336-6120; fax (202) 312-6490; e-mail

Asia Pacific Sociological Association Conference, September 14-16, 2000, Kwansei Gakuin University, Osaka, Japan. Thematic session: “Formalization of Sociological Concepts and Theories.” Contact: Kenji Kosaka, e-mail

Graduate Workshop on National Identity and Public Policy in Comparative Perspective, September 31-October 1, 2000, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ. Proposals are sought from current doctoral students for participation in a weekend-long graduate student workshop on issues related to identity formation and public policy. Proposals of up to 1,000 words due May 15, 2000. For more information: http://www.

International Sociological Association Research Committee on Sociology of Education Mid-term Conference, July 5-7, 2000, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. Theme: “Outcomes and Governance of Schooling.” Abstracts must be submitted no later than May 15, 2000. Contact: Cathrynke Dijkstra, Department of Sociology, University of Groningen, Grote Rozenstraat 31 9712 TG Groningen, The Netherlands; Fax (+31) 50 3636226;

International Sociological Association, Working Group on Social Indicators Mid-Term Conference, October 13-14, 2000, Berlin, Germany. Theme: “Rich and Poor: Disparities, Perceptions, Consequences; Intranational and International Perspectives.” Contact: Wolfgang Glatzer, Goethe Universitaet, Fachbereich 3 Robert Mayer Str. 5, D-60054 Frankfurt am Main, Germany; (+49 69) 798-23584 or 22473; fax (+49 69) 798-28026; e-mail

International Sociological Association, RC 36-Research Committee on Alienation Theory and Research Annual Meeting, August 10 and 11, 2000, Washington, DC. Theme: “Mapping Alienation.” Contact: Lauren Langman, Loyola University, Chicago, IL 60626; (773) 508-3463; fax (773) 508-3463; e-mail

Northeast Conference, October 2-3, 2000, Binghamton, NY. Theme: “Treating Women’s Addictions: Research Confronts Reality.” Sponsored by Binghamton University and Broome Community College. Proposals for papers are being solicited for conference presentation and/or inclusion in an edited collection of works. Full abstracts are due May 30, 2000. Contact: Allison Alden, Director, or Catherine Wippel, Office of Professional Development and Research, School of Education and Human Development, Binghamton University, P.O. Box 6000, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000; (607) 777-4447; fax (607) 777-6041; e-mail or

Small City and Regional Community Conference, September 28-29, 2000, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Theme: “Smart Growth.” Seeking participants with an interest in the issue of urban, suburban, and rural “sprawl.” Submit an abstract of 250 words by June 15, 2000 to: Ron Shaffer, Center for Community Economic Development, Lowell Hall, 610 Langdon St., Madison, WI 54303; e-mail

Summer Learning and the Achievement Gap: First National Conference, July 17-18, 2000, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. For additional information, contact: Monica M. Boulay, EduSpeak, P.O. Box 31326, Tucson AZ 85751-1326; (520) 298-8680; fax (520) 298-8799; e-mail

Women’s Studies Conference, October 6-7, 2000, Southern Connecticut State University. Theme: “Women of African Descent: Reaching Out Across the Diaspora.” Deadline: June 2, 2000. Contact: June Dunn, Women’s Studies Program, Southern Connecticut State University, MO B007, 501 Crescent Street, New Haven, CT 06515-1355; (203) 392-6133; fax (203) 392-6723; e-mail


The Communication Review is looking for submissions that explore new, disciplined approaches to communication studies. Contact: Andrea L. Press and Bruce A. Williams, Institute of Communications Research, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 505 E. Armory Ave., Champaign, IL 61820-6295; e-mail or

Community College Journal of Research and Practice is soliciting papers about developments being innovated and tested by those engaged in the study of community colleges and community college education. Contact: D. Barry Lumsden, Editor, Community College Journal of Research and Practice, University of North Texas, P.O. Box 311337, Denton, TX 75203-1337; (940) 565-4074; fax (940) 369-7177.

Emotional Experience in College Classrooms. We invite abstracts/proposals/papers on all aspects of the emotional life of the college classroom. Abstracts/proposals for articles should be approximately two pages in length. Full paper submissions should be 10-20 pages in length. Deadline for submissions is October 1, 2000. For information and submissions, contact Bob Rosenwein, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015-3169; e-mail; or Kay Valentine, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Nazareth College, Rochester, NY 14618; e-mail

International Journal of Public-Private Partnerships. Calling for papers, case studies, research, book reviews. A peer reviewed Journal focused on current issues facing organizations crossing the Public-Private divide. Contact: Sheffield Hallam University Press, Sheffield Hallam University, Adsetts Centre, Sheffield S1 1WB, UK; e-mail

The Journal of Men’s Studies plans to publish a special issue dealing with men’s health issues. We are seeking original papers that address men’s health from diverse theoretical perspectives and disciplines. Submit a 250-300 word proposal outlining proposed paper (papers limited to a maximum of 7,500 words). Include author’s name, affiliation, and e-mail address with each proposal. Contact: Men’s Studies Press, Attn: Men’s Health Issue, James Doyle, P.O. Box 32, Harriman, TN 37748; e-mail

The Security Journal, the leading international journal in the field of security, is seeking contributions that examine women and security issues in different professions and domains such as the workplace, public spaces, residences, schools, colleges and universities, prisons and on the Internet. E-mail a 150-word abstract to Barberet@cica.cs or Drafts of papers due August 1 and final drafts due November 1.


May 20, 2000. West Coast Group Processes Conference, Santa Barbara, CA. Contact: Noah Friedkin, Department of Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106; (805) 893-2840; e-mail

May 31-June 2, 2000. Justice Studies Association 2nd Annual Conference, Ramada Inn, Albany, NY. Theme: “Confronting Processes and Institutions of Power: Where Restorative Justice and Social Justice Meet.” Contact: Dennis Sullivan c/o Justice Studies Association, 14 Voorheesville Avenue, Voorheesville, NY 12186; (518) 765-2468; e-mail

June 25-July 1, 2000. International Sociological Association, Research Committee on Sociocybernetics, RC51 Second International Conference on Sociocybernetics, Panticosa, Spain. Theme: “Sociocybernetic Designs for Globalization and Sustainability: Self-organization and Management of Complex Evolving Systems.” For more information

June 26-27, 2000. Association of Architecture Schools of Australasia 2000 International Conference, Sydney, Australia. Theme: “Architecture+Education 2000.” Contact: AASA 2000 Architecture + Education Conference, Lesley Vanderkwast, Conference Secretariat, Faculty of Architecture, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia; fax (61)(2) 9351-5665; e-mail; http//

July 30-August 5, 2000. International Rural Sociology Association, 10th International Congress of Rural Sociology, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Theme: “Sustainable Rural Livelihoods.” Contact: Michael M. Cernea, Chairperson, 6113 Robinwood Road, Bethesda, MD 20817; e-mail

August 3-5, 2000. Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy Tenth Annual Meeting, Biltmore Hotel, Coral Gables, FL. Theme: “Ten Years of the Special Period: Retrospective and Perspectives.” Contact: Jorge Pérez-López, Chair, Program Committee, 5881 6th Street, Falls Church, VA 22041; (703) 379-8812; e-mail

August 9-12, 2000. Association of Black Sociologists Annual Conference, Georgetown University Conference Center, Washington, DC. Theme: “‘Shattering the Silence’ Beyond the Black/White Paradigm: Identity Development in the New Millenium.” Contact: Wornie L. Reed, ABS 2000 Program Chair, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115; (216) 687-5490; e-mail

September 27-30, 2000. Russian Sociological Congress, St. Petersburg, Russia. Theme: “Society and Sociology: New Relations and New Ideas.” Contact: Mikhail Sinioutine, Organizing Committee of Russian Sociological Congress, Department of Sociology, St. Petersburg State University, Ul. Smolnogo, 1/3, Entr. 9, St. Petersburg 193060, Russia; 7-812-1100077 ; 7-812-2719223; fax 7-812-100077; e-mail

September 28-30, 2000. University of Minnesota-Duluth Interdisciplinary Conference, Duluth, MN. Theme: “The Bonds Between Women and Water.” Contact: Women and Water, University College Duluth, University of Minnesota-Duluth, 251 Darland, 10 University Drive, Duluth, MN 55812-2496; (218) 726-6296; fax (218) 726-6336; e-mail

October 12-15, 2000. 26th Annual Conference on Social Theory, Politics, and the Arts, Washington, DC. Theme: “ Art, Culture and Policy: Prospects for the 21st Century.” Contact: Center for Arts and Culture, attn: STP&A Conference, 401 F St. NW, Suite 334, Washington, DC 20001; (202) 783-5277; e-mail

October 25-29, 2000. American Folklore Society 2000 Annual Meeting, Columbus, OH. Theme: “Contesting Concepts of Culture.” Contact: John Roberts, African and African American Studies Department, Ohio State University, 486 University Hall, 230 North Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43210-1335; e-mail: www.afsnet. org


The Fulbright Scholar Program is now accepting applications for lecturing and research grants in 130 countries. Application deadlines: May 1, 2000 for distinguished chairs awards in Europe, Canada and Russia; August 1, 2000 for lecturing and research grants worldwide; November 1, 2000 for spring/summer seminars in Germany, Korea and Japan. Contact: Council for International Exchange of Scholars, 3007 Tilden Street NW, Suite 5L, Washington, DC 20008-3009; (202) 686-7877; e-mail

Social Science Research Council. The Abe Fellowship Program supports postdoctoral research on contemporary policy-relevant issues. Open to citizens of the United States and Japan as well as to other nationals who can demonstrate strong and serious long-term affiliations in the research communities of Japan and the U.S. Applicants must hold the PhD or the terminal degree in their field, or have attained an equivalent level of professional experience. Application deadline: September 1, 2000. Contact: Social Science Research Council, 810 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10019; (212) 377-2700; fax (212) 377-2727.

Wellesley College. The Department of Sociology invites candidates for a two year post-doctoral fellowship provided by the Mellon Foundation. Applicants should have a PhD obtained within the past five years and should have an active research program in either comparative popular culture, or the sociology of culture, crime, law, or inequality. Beginning salary is $33,500 with research support and faculty benefits. Send vita, three letters of recommendation, no more than three reprints or writing samples, and a statement of teaching/research interests to: Susan Silbey, Chair, Department of Sociology, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02481; (781) 283-2137; e-mail

The Foundation for the Promotion of Social Science Research on World Society funds selected proposals for research on the structure of and change in world society. June 30, 2000 is the deadline for applications for financial support for projects to start in January 2001. Contact: World Society Foundation, Sociological Institute, University of Zurich, Raemistr 69, CH-8001 Zurich, Switzerland; 41-1-6342151; fax 41-1-6344989.

In the News

Howard Aldrich, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, was interviewed for a feature story in the January issue of Civilekonomen, a Swedish business magazine.

Karl Alexander, Johns Hopkins University, was quoted in an article on traditional and non-traditional school calendars in the October 27 Education Week.

Kevin Anderson, Northern Illinois University, and Eric Plaut had their book, Marx on Suicide, reviewed in the December 29 issue of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.

Andrea Baker, Ohio University was quoted in the February 14 Time Magazine about her research on Internet relationships and spoke on the subject in “Talk of the Nation” on PBS radio. Newspapers which quoted her about the issue included The Miami Herald and the Cleveland Plain Dealer.

Shelly Brown, University of Michigan, had her research on racial composition of schools featured in the September 8 Education Week.

Peter Dreier, Occidental College, wrote a feature article in the February America@Work on the role unions can play in providing affordable housing to working class people.

Constance Gager, Swarthmore College, received nationwide newspaper and magazine coverage on her research on the time teens spend doing housework.

Toby Huff, University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth, was interviewed by the BBC World Service for a Millennium Program on Islamic Science.

Don Irish, Hamline University emeritus, was featured in a column on the Star Tribune on his political activism in Fort Benning, Georgia, at 80 years old.

Ross E. Mitchell and Douglas E. Mitchell, University of California-Riverside, had their research on traditional and year-round school schedules featured in Education Week, September 8. Ross Mitchell was also quoted in an article in the October 27 issue regarding the school calendar.

H. Wesley Perkins, Hobart and William Smith Colleges, had his work on the social norms approach to prevention of adolescent and collegiate alcohol abuse featured on WTVH Eyewitness News, Syracuse, New York; on 1040AM Chat Radio, Central New Jersey; and in several newspapers nationwide and in Canada.

Dudley Poston, Texas A&M University and Toni Falbo, University of Texas. Their research on the personality and behavioral characteristics of single and siblinged children in China was featured in a major news story in the February 23 issue of USA Today.

Harriet Presser, University of Maryland, appeared on NBC Nightly News February 8 to talk about the high rate of divorce when spouses work late night shifts. This research also was featured in USA Today, February 2, and on Fox 5 TV (Washington, DC), February 3.

Kerry Ann Rockquemore, Pepperdine University, had her research on minority racial self-identification cited in a recent article in the New York Times on the upcoming Census.

Roger C. Shouse, Pennsylvania State University, and Lawrence J. Mussoline, Pine Grove Mills Area Schools, had their research on school improvement practices featured in the September 8 Education Week.

Charles W. Smith, CUNY-Queens College. His book, Success and Survival on Wall Street: Understanding the Mind of the Market was reviewed favorably in the January 31 issue of Business Week.


Howard E. Aldrich, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, was awarded the International Award for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Research by the Scientific Council of the Swedish Foundation for Small Business.

Roger Branch, Georgia Southern University, was presented with the Meritorious Service Award by the Georgia Sociological Association.

Jeni Loftus, Indiana University, won the Best Graduate Student Paper Award from the Midwest Sociological Society.

Henry Mullins, Mercer University, won the 1999 Georgia Sociological Association Undergraduate Student Paper Competition.

Patricia Noone, Georgia Southern University, won the 1999 Georgia Sociological Association Graduate Student Paper Competition.

Matthew Oware, Indiana University, received the Lieber Memorial Award, which recognizes the best associate instructor in the IU system.

H. Wesley Perkins, Hobart and William Smith Colleges, received the 1999 Outstanding Service Award given by the Network of Colleges and Universities Committed to the Elimination of Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse.

Caroline Persell, New York University, has been selected as one of 40 Carnegie Scholars for 2000-2001.

Scott Sernau, Indiana University-South Bend, is the recipient of the University’s Sylvia E. Bowman Award which honors exemplary faculty members in discipline areas related to American civilization.

John Useem and Ruth Hill Useem, Michigan State University emeritus, received the Michigan Sociological Association Charles Horton Cooley Award for outstanding lifelong contributions to sociological scholarship.


Edwin Amenta, New York University, has been named to the Editorial Board of Sociological Methods and Research.

Constance Gager is a visiting assistant professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Swarthmore College.

Robert W. Greene, Waukesha High School, has been appointed to the Wisconsin State Committee of Teacher Education Certification Standards,

David Levinson has been appointed Academic Vice President of Bergen Community College.

Nicole C. Raeburn will continue on the faculty of the University of San Francisco as Assistant Professor of Sociology.

Robert Wolensky, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, recently led UW-SP’s Poland/East Central Europe semester abroad program based at Jagiellonian University in Krakow.

Members’ New Books

Kevin Anderson and Richard Quinney (eds.) Northern Illinois University, Erich Fromm and Critical Criminology: Beyond the Punitive Society (University of Illinois Press, 2000).

Peter Kivisto, Augustana College, and Georganne Rundblad, Illinois Wesleyan University (editors), Multiculturalism in the United States: Current Issues, Contemporary Voices (Pine Forge Press, 2000).

Matthew Krain, The College of Wooster, Repression and Accommodation in Post-Revolutionary States (St. Martin’s Press, 2000).

Graham Lowe, University of Alberta, The Quality of Work: A People-Centered Agenda (Oxford University Press, 2000).

Patrick O’Meara and Howard Mehlinger, Indiana University, and Matthew Krain, The College of Wooster (editors), Globalization and the Challenges of the New Century: A Reader (Indiana University Press, 2000).

Janet M. Ruane, Montclair State University and Karen A. Cerulo, Rutgers University, Second Thoughts: Seeing Conventional Wisdom Through the Sociological Eye, 2nd edition (Pine Forge/Sage, 2000).

Alvin Y. So, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong’s Embattled Democracy: A Societal Analysis (Johns Hopkins University Press 1999); Co-editor, Asia’s Environmental Movements: Comparative Perspectives (M.E. Sharpe, 1999).

David Wagner, University of Southern Maine, What’s Love Got to do With It: A Critical Look at American Charity (New Press, 2000).

New Publications

Cuba in Transition, Volume 9, contains selected papers and commentaries presented at the 1999 Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy (ASCE). Papers included in the volume deal with a wide range of topics related to Cuba?s economy and society. To order Cuba in Transition, Volume 9 and earlier volumes, please contact ASCE Books, P.O. Box 7372, Silver Spring, MD 20907-7372; tel/fax (301) 587-1664; e-mail

Work has begun on the Encyclopedia of Guns in American Society, to be edited by Gregg Lee Carter and published by ABC-CLIO. Scheduled to appear in the fall 2002, it will be comprised of alphabetically arranged entries on all aspects of the subject and is intended to provide an overview of current scholarship in the field. To examine a list of current entries and submit your name as a possible contributor, please visit

Summer Programs

Summer Institute, June 12-16, 2000, Portland State University, Portland, OR. Theme: “Faculty Development for Teaching, Learning, and Technology: Principles to Practice.” Deadline for registration May 1, 2000. Contact: Devorah Lieberman, Portland State University, Center for Academic Excellence, P.O. Box 751-CAE, Portland, OR 97207-0751; (503) 725 5642; e-mail

Virginia Tidewater Consortium for Higher Education, 22nd Annual Summer Institute on College Teaching, June 11-16, 2000, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA. For additional information please contact the Consortium at (757) 683-3183; e-mail; Deadline: May 26, 2000.


Sidney Robert Davis, Richard Bland College, died recently.

Richard A. Smith, Florida State University, died recently.

Kathryn M. Taylor, Toronto, died recently.


Kurt W. Back

Kurt W. Back, James B. Duke Professor of Sociology (emeritus) at Duke University, died August 13, 1999, in Durham, North Carolina of pneumonia following a short illness. Kurt was born and grew up in Vienna, Austria, and emigrated from there to the United States in the late 1930s with his parents as refugees from the Nazis. He entered New York Univesity as a junior and graduated with a BS in 1938, making a career change from prelaw to psychology. He went to UCLA for graduate study, completing his MA there in 1941. Drafted into the Army in 1942, he was selected for Army Specialist Training, which sent him to the University of Iowa where he studied with Kurt Lewin and Leon Festinger. Following the war, he went to MIT for his PhD, continuing his study with the Lewin group. From the start of his graduate education at MIT, he worked on the Westgate research that eventuated in Social Pressures in Informal Groups. Kurt joined the Duke faculty in 1959. Before that, he had held research positions at the University of North Carolina, the University of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Bureau of the Census, Aberdeen Proving Ground, and the Bureau of Applied Social Research at Columbia. Kurt said that he moved to a university sociology department for the greater freedom to pursue general ideas and to be able to work closely with students. Kurt’s honors are many: He was named James B. Duke Professor of Sociology in 1976; he was awarded a place on the Roll of Honor of the Southern Sociological Society for distinguished scholarship; he received the Burgess Award of the National Council on Family Relations; and he was an honorary research fellow at the University of Exeter, president of the Sociological Research Association, president of Section K of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, president of the Southern Association for Public Opinion, and a member of the executive councils of the Southern Sociological Society, the American Sociological Association, the American Association for Public Opinion Research, and the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.

Kurt’s scholarship is so deep and prolific that it may be classified in different ways. We are struck by three themes each of which Kurt pursued in an astonishing variety of topics. To all he brought a social psychological perspective that enabled him to ask old questions in new ways and to identify novel sources of data.

(1) Communication, interpersonal influence, and power: The MIT influence. His concern with communication endured from the 1950 publication of Social Pressures in Informal Groups (with Leon Festinger and Stanley Schachter) to “Rhetoric as Communication and Performance” in 1989 (in Communications Research) and shaped the theory of some of his most original and lasting contributions. For example, with Reuben Hill and Joseph Stycos, he identified family dynamics as the critical influence in lowering fertility in Puerto Rico (The Family and Population Control, 1959). Though only marginally a demographer, Kurt brought a social psychological perspective that Charles B. Nam credits as a prime mover in the development of micro-demography. In the June Bug (with Alan C. Kerckhoff, 1968), the perspective was used to explain collective hysteria among textile workers.
(2) How to know and how to describe to the reader what you know. Kurt pursued his concern with the process of research in a variety of ways that spanned his career. For example, he studied problems of conducting the survey on sensitive topics in a foreign language among uneducated, suspicious, and fearful people (The Survey Under Unusual Conditions, 1959, with Joseph Stycos); he examined role playing as a research method (“Role Playing as a Method in Survey Research” with H. Stanton and Eugene Litwak, in American Journal of Sociology, 1956); and he wrote on how survey data might be used as historical documents (“Survey Data as Historical Documents” in R. K. Godwin (ed.), Comparative Policy Analysis, 1975).
(3) Personal dilemnas and decision making. Kurt was facinated by the problems and dilemnas of people who have to make choices. Examples among many are Slums, Projects and People: Social Psychological Problems of Relocation in Puerto Rico, 1962; “Decisions under Uncertainty” (American Behavioral Scientist, 1961); Self-Help Groups: Tool or Symbol?” (With R. C. Taylor, Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 1976).

Kurt was a passionate researcher, seeking to understand the human condition and to perfect ways to study and describe it, without regard to disciplinary boundaries. In his response to being awarded a place on the Roll of Honor of the Southern Sociological Society, he reflected on his motivation to do research, and cited the day-by-day work as the attraction. “There is a special satisfaction in seeing a mass of jumbled data and putting them into some order that one can explain.” He went on to say “This enjoyment of putting ideas together, of seeing something comprehensible emerge from dissimilar fragments” is similar to pleasures such as following a murder mystery or solving a crossword puzzle. “This intrinsic motivation of putting symbols together, little dependent on ulterior ends, has kept me going through my various research experiences.” Kurt ended his talk by clarifying that his view was not “a purist view of science for science’s sake, never mind the consequences.” He reasserted humanistic ideals and the means of their preservation: “In our sphere of influence they are the acceptance of the free exchange of ideas, even those to which we may object, and defend against ... totalitarian fashions that have threatened individual freedom.”

Kurt raised the level and broadened the range of discussion in the Department. He was always available to share ideas and opinions on a breath of subjects. We miss him. Kurt was a true renaissance person. His mind was wedded to intellectual activity, but he was not an ivory tower thinker. He lived in this world: he enjoyed good foods (especially rich chocolates), a good murder mystery, a good movie, a good play, a good TV program. And these he enjoyed with his wife Mary Lou in a truly happy and sharing marriage. He also shared his intellectual life with his son, Allan Back, a philosopher. Mary Lou and Allan survive him.

Alan C. Kerckhoff and Ida Harper Simpson, Duke University

Jack Scott

Jack Scott, a prominent critic of organized athletics during the 1960s and early 1970s who later gained national attention when he was suspected of helping Patricia Hearst elude capture in the Symbionese Liberation Army case, died in Eugene, OR. He was 57.

Mr. Scott was the captain of his city championship high school football team in Scranton, PA in the late 1950’s and a sprinter at Stanford University. But he became disenchanted with the sports world, voicing his views in books, as well as an athletic administrator and through a sports institute. He spoke out against authoritarian coaches, excessive commercialization in sports and the use of performance-enhancing drugs, and he called for greater inclusion of women and members of minorities in sports programs and for giving both college and professional athletes a voice in team management.

Sports, he said, should be a joyful experience oriented to participants rather than spectators. “The beauty is in the classic struggle of man against man, man against nature, and man against himself,” he said. “If you don’t struggle well, you should feel badly. But you shouldn’t feel badly just because you lose. The final score should be almost incidental.”

Mr. Scott, who graduated from Syracuse University in 1966 and held a doctorate in sociology from the University of California, took aim at authoritarian coaches in his first book, the privately published “Athletics for Athletes.”

“Lombardi and other over-authoritarian coaches have proved that heavy discipline can produce winners,” he once said. “But it is also possible to learn and develop in a more free and creative atmosphere. You can be a human being without sacrificing quality.”

In 1970, Mr. Scott launched his Institute for the Study of Sport and Society, which he ran out of an office above his apartment in Oakland, CA, its newsletter giving a voice to disaffected athletes and coaches. He served as an advisor to Dave Meggyesy, the pro football player who was critical of the game in Out of Their League.

In his book The Athletic Revolution, Mr. Scott wrote that intercollegiate athletics are essentially worthwhile but need to put under the same controls and guidelines as university academic departments.

After expressing criticism of Bear Bryant, the Alabama football coach, Mr. Scott drew enmity from Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, who in a speech before the Birmingham Touchdown Club in 1972 called Mr. Scott an enemy of sport, a “perma-critic” and a “guru from Berkeley.”
Mr. Scott put his views to action when he served as athletic director at Oberlin College in Ohio from 1972 to 1974. He appointed three black coaches, including Tommie Smith, the sprinter who gained notoriety for his raised, gloved fist on the victory stand at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics, and he provided an enhanced role for women in Oberlin athletics.

While at Oberlin, Mr. Scott became fascinated with the persona of Bill Walton, the UCLA basketball star, an outstanding athlete who also had social and political concerns, having demonstrated against the Vietnam War. When Walton was breaking into the National Basketball Association with the Portland Trail Blazers, he lived with Mr. Scott and Mr. Scott served as his business adviser.

In August 1975, Mr. Scott was in the public eye on a far larger stage, when a federal grand jury in Harrisburg, PA, subpoenaed him during an inquiry into the Hearst case. Mr. Scott later admitted to having sheltered Miss Hearst, but no criminal charges were filed. In 1984, Mr. Scott received $30,000 in settlement of a libel suit against Miss Hearst in which he contended that in her book Every Secret Thing she falsely linked him to terrorist groups. Mr. Scott later worked with world-class track athletes as a physiotherapist, specializing in the use of electric stimulation to heal injuries. He helped Joan Benoit Samuelson recover from injuries and win the first Olympic women’s marathon in 1984 and treated the track stars Carl Lewis and Jackie Joyner-Kersee.

He is survived by his wife, Micki; his son, Jonah; and his daughters, Lydia and Emma.

Reprinted from the New York Times

Conrad Taeuber

Conrad Ferdinand Taeuber died September 11, 1999 in Nashua, New Hampshire. He was born June 6, 1906 in Hosmer, South Dakota, the son of Richard E. (minister) and Emmy (Mussgang). He married Irene Barnes (a demographer) on June 26, 1929 (she died in 1974); he married Dorothy Harris September 10, 1979. Taeuber received an AB in 1927; MA, 1929; and a PhD in 1931, all from the University of Minnesota. He did graduate study, 1929-30, at the University of Heidelberg; and 1930-31, at the University of Wisconsin.

In 1934, he moved to Washington, DC, and joined the federal government as an associate economist with the Federal Emergency Relief Administration. From 1935-46, he worked for the Bureau of Agriculture and from 1946-51 he served as chief of the statistics branch, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. From 1951-73 he worked for the Bureau of the Census, serving as assistant director from 1951-60, and associate director from 1961-73. During his tenure, he supervised the expansion of Census Bureau activities in the fields of racial and ethnic statistics and demographic analysis. Following his retirement, he worked as director of the Center for Population Research at Georgetown University from 1973-80, and he later served as assistant director and senior research scholar for demography. Taeuber edited the 1950 and 1960 census monograph series, and he was the author of many articles and book chapters on demographic topics, as well as two well-known monographs on the U.S. population, The Changing Population of the United States (1958) and People of the United States in the Twentieth Century (1971). At the Census Bureau, he encouraged staff to prepare non-partisan analytical reports that responded to public policy issues. He also participated in the introduction of mail enumeration. His many articles and publications set the Census Bureau’s standard for objective, incisive analysis. The Population Reference Bureau in Washington, DC has recently named an endowed chair in his honor.

Taeuber was a member of the Cosmos Club in Washington, DC, the District of Columbia Sociological Society, and the American Sociological Association. He was the recipient of the University of Minnesota award in 1951, the Exceptional Service award from the Department of Commerce in 1963 and the Distinguished Career Award for the Practice of Sociology in 1986. He also was a member and former president of the Population Association of America, a member and past president of Inter-America Statistical Institute, an active member of the Rural Sociology Society, the International Statistical Institute and the Sociology Research Association.

Survivors include two sons and daughters in law; four stepchildren, and their spouses; 11 grandchildren, 20 great-grandchildren; and a sister, Emmy Anderson of San Rafael, California.

Rabel Burdge and Barbara Broughton