Retirement Rates for Doctorate Social and Behavioral Scientists, 1993 - 2008

Graph: Retirement Rates for Doctorate Social & Behavioral Scientists, 1993 - 2006

Notes: Labor force is defined as those employed plus those unemployed and seeking work. The retirement rate is the proportion of the labor force who report they are retired.

*Figures for Sociology and Other Social Sciences for 1993 and 1995 are estimates. During these years, reported retirement counts combined Sociology and Anthropology. Disaggregated data for these fields are not available.


The majority of the sociologists who are not in the labor market are retired. While the retirement rate for sociologists leveled-off in 2003, retirements among PhD sociologists have steadily increased between 1995 and 2006 by about 19 percent per year, the highest among these fields. Retirements rates have continued to increase, as of 2008 (the most recent year for which data are available).

Related data:
  • Unemployment Rates for Doctorate Social and Behavioral Scientists, 1993 - 2008
  • Unemployment Rates for All Social and Behavioral Scientists, 2003 and 2006
  • Unemployment Rates in Science and Engineering by Degree Level, 2003 and 2006
  • Involuntarily Out-of-Field Rates for Doctorate Social and Behavioral Scientists, 1993 - 2003
  • Replacement in the Social Sciences: Ratio of the Number of New PhDs Awarded per Each
  • Retirees in Selected Social Science and Behavioral Disciplines, 1993 - 2003


ASA computations based on data from the National Science Foundation, Science Resource Statistics, Characteristics of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States (Arlington, VA: NSF, 1996 - 2008). Retrieved from (October 2013).

Data: A tabular version of these data in Excel format is available here.