Labor Force Participation Rates for Doctorate Social and Behavioral Scientists, 1993 - 2008

Graph: Labor Force Participation Rates for Doctorate Social & Behavioral Scientists, 1993 - 2008

Notes: Labor force is defined as those employed plus those unemployed and seeking work. The labor force participation rate is the ratio of the labor force to the population.


The labor force participation rates for behavioral and social science PhDs dropped between 1993 and 2001. The highest drop was for sociologists. This is likely because of increased retirements for all these fields. Between 2006 and 2008, we see decreases that might be attributed to the Great Recession.

Related charts:


ASA Computations Based on National Science Foundation, Science Resource Statistics, Characteristics of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States (Arlington, VA: NSF, 1996-2008). Retrieved from (October 2013).

Excel icon Data:  A tabular version of these data in Excel format is available here.