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American Sociological Association: Ulysses G. Weatherly
Ulysses Grant Weatherly
April 2, 1865 - July 18, 1940
Ulysses Grant Weatherly was born April 2, 1865 in West Newton, Indiana, the seventh of 11 children of William A. and Lydia (Dicks) Weatherly. William and Lydia Weatherly, farmers, were born and raised in Guilford County, North Carolina, where they were married and their first children were born. Sometime between 1855 and 1857 they moved their family to Indiana, settling in Decatur Township (Indianapolis area) where the remaining children, including Ulysses, were born. As he was growing up, Ulysses helped out on the family farm.
The fact that neither of his parents could read or write did not stop Ulysses from receiving an education. He prepared for college by attending the Pillsbury Academy, after which he received an A.B. degree from Colgate University in Hamilton, New York, in 1890. While in College he won several prizes for efficiency in Latin and History.
On December 24, 1890, Weatherly married Alice May Burgess, a native of Cortland, New York. After graduating from College, Weatherly went to Cornell University and spent two years in graduate work in history and political science. He spent 1893-4 in Europe traveling in England, Germany, Austria, and studying in Heidelberg and Leipzig. Upon his return he received his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1894.
After earning his Ph.D., he taught for one year at Central High School in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1895 Weatherly returned to his native Indiana and secured a position as Assistant Professor of European History at Indiana University. In 1896 he was elevated to Associate Professor of History, a position he held until 1899 when he was appointed Professor of Economics and Sociology and also head of the department of Economics and Social Science in Indiana University. He held these positions for the next 35 years until his retirement in 1935.
Weatherly had no formal training in sociology but had a strong interest in sociology and wish to pursue it. In preparation for this work he spent a part of the year in study at Columbia University. Weatherly acquired the skills he needed and in 1906 produced a 34-page book, Outlines in Sociology, laying out his conception of sociology in outline form. This work foreshadowed many sociology texts to follow.
In 1906 Weatherly wrote to the President and Board of Trustees of Indiana University:
Each year makes more clear to me the pressing need for further developing the work in sociology. The fragmentary character of the courses at present given is made necessary by the pressure of the work in Economics — older and longer established but not, I believe, more essential to a satisfactory curriculum. I personally do not believe in giving any very large amount of abstract or theoretical sociology to undergraduates, but the divisions of the subject in which I am particularly interested are the concrete ones. I have long had in mind the outline of a general course in Sociology for Juniors and Seniors that would open some of the richest fields of intellectual activity. At present, only the merest fragments of these are touched in our courses. Students cannot get the proper foundations for advanced work from these as they are at present. Many students who would be attracted by this work if adequately represented do not get it at all.
In his early years, Weatherly taught courses in General Sociology, Anthropology, Criminology, Charities, and Race Relations. During those years, he formed contacts with the social agencies of Indiana and took an active part in the state conferences of social work. He served as President of the Indiana Conference of Charities and Corrections, Chairman of the Indiana Child Labor Commission, and a member of the Indiana Commission of Industrial Education.
Weatherly was a founding member of the American Sociological Society when it was organized in 1905; he was a member of the executive committee from 1907 to 1910, Vice President from 1920 to 1923, and President in 1923. His Presidential Address, entitled "Racial Pessimism," was delivered at the Society's Annual Meeting in Pittsburgh on December 27, 1923, and was later published in the Proceedings of the 1923 Annual Meeting.
He spent several months one year touring the West Indies with Robert E. Park, studying race relations, and wrote two journal articles on race relations in Haiti. He was kept occupied in teaching undergraduate students and made a significant success of this; his students regarded him as a very stimulating and enlightening teacher. Weatherly served as a visiting professor during summer sessions in 1912 at Columbia University, in 1914 at the University of Illinois, 1923 at Cornell University, 1929 at the University of Oregon, 1932 at the University of Southern California, and six summers at the University of Colorado.
When Weatherly retired from Indiana University in 1935, he and his wife moved back to his wife's birth place, Cortland, New York. He spent much time reading in the library of Cornell University, which was located not far away.
Ulysses Grant Weatherly died in Cortland, New York, on July 18, 1940 at the age of seventy-five. An obituary for Dr. Weatherly, written by Edwin H. Sutherland, was published in the American Sociological Review upon his death in 1940 (ASR 6:275). A very brief obituary was published in the September 1940 issue of the American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 46, No. 2, pages 239-240). An Indiana newspaper (unidentified) published the followed article entitled "Retired I.U. Professor Dies":
Dr. Ulysses Grant Weatherly, author and professor emeritus of econommics and sociology at Indiana University, who died Thursday at Cortland, N.Y., at age seventy-five, was priased as "one of the most distinguished members of the faculty in the last fifty years by President Emeritus William Lowe Bryan when word of Dr. Weatherly's death reached the campus.
"His eminent scholarship was recognized by his membership in the most exclusive societies of his profession and by the unanimous concurrence of his colleagues," Dr. Bryan said. "He was an inspiring teacher whose influence has gone throughout the world through successive generations of his students.
"He exerted profound influence upon legislation relating to criminals and paupers and also through direct concern with the administration of charity at home.
"I cherish the intimate friendship of Dr. Weatherly as a priceless fortune through the years of our life together at Indiana University.
The present head of the university, President Herman B. Wells, who was a student under Dr. Weatherly, will represent the university at funeral services in Cortland Saturday at 2 p.m.
Special thanks to Kristen R. Walker, Assistant Archivist, University Archives, Indiana University, for her assistance securing background information on Dr. Weatherly.
Books by U. G. Weatherly:
Social Progress: Studies in the Dynamics of Social Change (1926)
Articles by U. G. Weatherly:
Weatherly, U. G. "How Does the Access of Women to Industrial Occupations React on the Family?" American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 14, No. 6 (May 1909): 740-65.
Weatherly, Ulysses G. “Race and Marriage” American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Jan., 1910), pp. 433-453.
Weatherly, Ulysses G. “The Racial Element in Social Assimilation” American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 16, No. 5 (Mar., 1911), pp. 593-612.
Weatherly, Ulysses G. “The First Universal Races Congress” American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 17, No. 3 (Nov., 1911), pp. 315-328.
Weatherly, U.G. “Freedom of Teaching in the United States” Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Society, Vol. IX (1914), pp 133-149.
Weatherly, U.G. “Preliminary Report of the Joint Committee on Academic Freedom and Academic Tenure” Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Society, Vol. IX (1914), pp 170-176.
Weatherly, U.G. “Democracy and Our Political System” Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Society, Vol. XIV (1919), pp 23-35.
Weatherly, Ulysses G. “Racial Pessimism” Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Society, Vol. XVIII (1923), pp 1-17.
Weatherly, U. G. “The West Indies as a Sociological Laboratory” American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 29, No. 3 (Nov., 1923), pp. 290-304.
Weatherly, U.G. “Cultural Contacts in the West Indies” Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Society, Vol. XXI (1926), pp 201-201.
Weatherly, Ulysses G. “Haiti: An Experiment in Pragmatism” American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 32, No. 3 (Nov., 1926), pp. 353-366.
Weatherly, U.G. “Multiple Groupings and Loyalty Patterns” American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 40, No. 2 (Sep., 1934), pp. 204-213.
Book Review Articles Written by U. G. Weatherly:
In Freedom's Birthplace. A Study of the Boston Negroes by John Daniels
American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jul., 1914), pp. 121-122
The Negro Races: A Sociological Study by Jerome Dowd
American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Nov., 1914), pp. 422-423
Personality and Conduct by Maurice Parmelee
American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Sep., 1918), pp. 220-221
L'Etat et les Eglises en Prusse sous Frederic-Guillaume, 1713-1740 by Georges Pariset
American Historical Review, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Jan., 1898), pp. 352-355
La Formation de la Prusse Contemporaine by Godefroy Cavaignac
American Historical Review, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Oct., 1898), pp. 149-151
Deutsche Geschichte. Der ganzen Reihe neunter Band. Dritte Abtheilung. Neueste Zeit. Zeitalter des subjektiven Seelenlebens. Zweiter Band by Karl Lamprecht
American Historical Review, Vol. 13, No. 2 (Jan., 1908), pp. 351-353
History of Prussia under Frederic the Great, 1756-1757 by Herbert Tuttle
American Historical Review, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Oct., 1896), pp. 145-148
Deutsche Geschichte by Karl Lamprecht
American Historical Review, Vol. 13, No. 4 (Jul., 1908), pp. 872-874
Deutsche Geschichte by Karl Lamprecht
American Historical Review, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Apr., 1906), pp. 653-654
Changing America: Studies in Contemporary Society by Edward Alsworth Ross
American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 18, No. 2 (Sep., 1912), pp. 267-270
The Human Way: Addresses on Race Problems at the Southern Sociological Congress, Atlanta, 1913 by James E. McCulloch
American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jul., 1914), p. 123
Industrial Conditions Among Negroes in St. Louis by William August Crossland
American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jul., 1915), pp. 114-115
Select Discussions of Race Problems: A Collection of Papers of Especial Use in the Study of Negro American Problems by J. A. Bigham
American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 22, No. 3 (Nov., 1916), p. 419
The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life by Emile Durkheim and Joseph Ward Swain
American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 22, No. 4 (Jan., 1917), pp. 561-563
Social Environment by George R. Davis
American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Jan., 1918), p. 558
The Immigrant Press and Its Control by Robert E. Park
American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 27, No. 6 (May, 1922), pp. 807-809