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American Sociological Association: Arlie Hochschild Award Statement
Arlie Hochschild Award Statement
Arlie Russell Hochschild is one of the most imaginative and productive feminist sociologists of the last thirty years. Through her commitment to scholarship on women and gender, her extensive publications, and her mentoring of graduate students, Arlie Hochschild has had an enormous impact on the fields of the sociology of gender, the sociology of the family, and other key issues of contemporary life.
As a scholar, Arlie Hochschild has been at the forefront of research on contemporary work and family life for over thirty years. The intellectual threads running through all of Arlie Hochschild's work are her use of gender as a category of analysis, her focus on emotion as a sociological topic of investigation, and her concerns about the role of women in society. Her 1973 article, "A Review of Sex Role Research," published in the American Journal of Sociology, helped tofocus the attention of sociologists on the study of gender. In 1975, Hochschild published her now classic article, "Inside the Clockwork of Male Careers," and helped to usher in a wave of research that would take as its problematic the intricate dynamics of the gendered division of labor at home and in the workplace. The Second Shift still stands as the central sociological work on the paradoxes and emotionally complex inequities of gender divisions of labor in the U.S. The Time Bind moved the discussion into sites of paid work, probing the speed-ups of contemporary work and family. Hochschild’s co-edited book, The Global Woman (with Barbara Ehrenreich), has called attention to the global commodification of and inequities in carework. Arlie Hochschild is also widely recognized as one of the founders of the sociology of emotions as a subfield; her book, The Managed Heart, remains a foundational source, and concepts like "emotion work" and "feeling rules" have traveled into the work of many other scholars.
Hochschild’s research and writing have changed the contours of knowledge in the social sciences and in public life. She has a creative genius for framing questions and lines of insight, often condensed into memorable, paradigm-shifting words and phrases, such as "inside the clockwork of male careers"; "the second shift"; "the economy of gratitude"; "the stalled revolution"; "feeling rules"; "emotion work"; "the time bind." These terms have journeyed from academic into popular discourse where her beautifully written academic writing has reached much wider audiences.
Hochschild’s work also exemplifies the ideals of an engaged, informed, and feminist public sociology. Her work has had significant influence outside of the academy, making her a “public sociologist.” The Managed Heart and The Second Shift, were both named "Notable Social Science Books of the Year" by the New York Times. The Second Shift, one of the books listed in Herbert Gans' study of "Best-Sellers by Sociologists" (Contemporary Sociology, 1995), reached far beyond academic and student readers to contribute to the wider public discourse on the gendered nature of work and family. Hochschild also regularly writes newspaper op eds and crafts articles for magazines like American Prospect.
Not only through her own writings but also as a teacher, Arlie Hochschild has done a great deal to further the intellectual life and careers of others. Her students speak of the long hours she has devoted to mentoring and guiding them. Many of the Ph.D. dissertations Arlie has directed have become books and many of the critically recognized books in the field have been written by scholars who were directly influenced by Arlie Hochschild. She influenced students and others to see the world not only through the lens of gender, but also with close attention to the dynamics of capitalism and social class; the distortions of racism and racialization; and variations relating to culture and nation.
In addition to her own research and writing, Arlie Hochschild has taken a leading role in developing institutional settings for the study of women and gender. At the University of California, Berkeley, Hochschild was chair of the committee that established the Beatrice Bain Institute for Research on Women in 1986, thereby helping to foster research by others on the role of women in society. More recently, Arlie Hochschild's abilities to provide both institutional and intellectual space for research on gender, work, and families came together in her founding and co-directing the Center for Working Families at U.C. Berkeley (one of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation funded centers on work and family) At the Center, with Arlie's unflagging encouragement and support, pre-doctoral, postdoctoral, and senior scholars conducted innovative research on "cultures of care" to illuminate issues that are central to the study of gender and the position of women.