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American Sociological Association: 2009 Press Release
ASA Press Releases
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June 09, 2009
AUSTIN, Texas—Relocation substantially lowers the likelihood of
re-incarceration for parolees, according to new research published in
the June issue of the American Sociological Review, the flagship journal of the American Sociological Association.
Using the occurrence of Hurricane Katrina—which ravaged numerous neighborhoods throughout the Louisiana Gulf Coast—as a natural experiment, David Kirk, sociologist at The University of Texas at Austin, was able to examine how consequential a change of residence is to behavioral outcomes such as crime.
According to the study, ex-prisoners who have relocated away from
their prior residence are 15 percent less likely to be re-incarcerated
within the first year of their release from prison. The study included
two pre-Katrina groups consisting of 1,538 and 1,731 parolees, as well
as 1,370 post-Katrina parolees, all of whom were originally convicted
in the New Orleans metropolitan area.
“Successful prisoner reintegration depends, in part, on providing opportunities for prisoners to separate from their criminal past,” Kirk said. “Prisoners typically return home to the same crime-producing environment, with the same criminal opportunities and peers that proved so detrimental prior to incarceration.
“We may find that Hurricane Katrina led to positive outcomes for this particular slice of the population. The lesson may be that residential change can lead to a turning point in the lives of parolees.”