November 2008 Issue • Volume 36 • Issue 8

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Obituaries

Deaths

Calvin L. Beale, a senior demographer at the federal Agriculture Department, died from colon cancer in Washington, DC, at the age of 85.

Dean Hoge, Catholic University, passed away on September 13, 2008, at Johns Hopkins Medical Center after a brave battle with cancer.

Duncan MacRae, Jr., University of North Carolina, died July 19, 2008, at the age of 86.

Herschel S. Shosteck, an early and prominent cellular phone industry analyst as well as a scholar of biblical archaeology and Judaica, died August 26 of cancer at the age of 71.

Paul V. Smith, Children’s Defense Fund, died of sepsis on September 9 at the age of 69.

R. Dean Wright, Drake University, died August 15 after a battle with cancer. He was 69.

Obituaries

Orlando Fals Borda
1925-2008

Orlando Fals Borda, a leading Colombian sociologist, and a key advocate and theorist of participatory action research, died on August 12, 2008, in Bogota at the age of 83. Fals Borda was the founder of the Faculty of Sociology at the National University of Colombia, where he later served as Academic Dean and then Professor Emeritus. He also was active in international sociology circles, serving as President of the Research Committee on Social Practice of the International Sociological Association. He also was a member of the Colombian National Constituent Assembly where he played an important role in the National Assembly that gave birth to the Colombian constitution of 1991.

In his early years as a sociologist in Latin America, Fals Borda was widely known for his work on and with peasant communities in Colombia, and for his work on social movements and social change. Internationally, however, he became known for his pioneering work on the theory and practice of participatory action research, the method of linking social investigation to popular participation in order to bring about social change, as well as to contribute to knowledge. In 1979, he published one of the first essays on this theme in English, "Investigating Reality in Order to Transform It: The Colombian Experience" (Dialectical Anthropology). For the next three decades, he continued to apply the approach in his own work in Latin America and to spread the approach to other countries. In 1997, he was the principal leader and organizer of an international conference on action research in Cartagena, Columbia, which brought together over 1,800 people from around the world, representing dozens of intellectual streams of action research.

I first met Fals Borda in 1980 in one of the early international meetings on participatory action research, in a meeting organized by the International Council of Adult Education and UNESCO. Some years later, Tom Hood, the President of the Southern Sociological Society, and I (as program co-chair) invited Fals Borda, to Atlanta to give the keynote address to the 1995 meeting on "Sociology and the Pursuit of Social Justice." For Fals Borda, the event was a kind of homecoming. He had received his sociology training in the United States, working first with Nelson Lowry, University of Minnesota, and later with Lynn Smith, University of Florida, where he received his doctorate in 1955. Yet, as he observed in his address, this was the first-time he had returned to the United States in some 40 years to attend a U.S. sociological meeting. On the whole, American sociology had shunned his activist participatory methods and his activist approach. His links to militant peasant movements in Colombia had caused the U.S. State Department to refuse him entry visas as well. His return was a symbolic moment because it showed a growing willingness of American sociologists to learn from the approaches of international colleagues.

In August 2008, I was again reminded of that Atlanta meeting when I read of Fals Borda’s death in the United Kingdom’s leading national newspaper The Guardian. The author of his obituary quoted several "guidelines for sociological research" from Fals Borda’s Atlanta speech:

As American sociology searches to redefine its role, in particular to take up former ASA President Michael Burawoy’s challenge for a more public sociology, the lessons from Orlando Fals Borda—perhaps one of the most committed public sociologists of our time—are well worth remembering.

John Gaventa, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex

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Robert G. Holloway
1932-2007

Robert Gordon Holloway, born February 24, 1932, to Clifford and Dorothy Holloway in Alameda, CA, died at his home in Holton, KS, August 7, 2007.

Bob’s career was unusual. He was one of the few sociologists to apply his understanding of human social interaction directly to the improvement of the quality of life in organizations, rather than to follow what could have been a promising academic career.

His early education was in public schools in California.  In 1950, he began studies at the University of Oregon, where he majored in anthropology. In 1954, shortly after his graduation, he entered the U.S. Air Force. During his military time he served as a human resource staff assistant at the Air Force Personnel and Training Center in San Antonio, TX. This was his first experience in applied social science.

After this, he returned to the University of Oregon, where he earned a master’s degree (1958) in social psychology. His thesis was titled "Educational and Occupational Aspirations among White and Black Students." a topic that anticipated two different lines of sociological research-status aspirations and racial differences—both of which later came to be subjects of considerable bodies of research literature.

In 1958 he began doctoral studies in Michigan State University’ Department of Sociology and Anthropology. There, his studies ranged over sociological theory, social psychology, anthropology, organizational theory, and psychometrics. His dissertation was an analysis of the leadership structure of a local hospital. Anticipating what turned out to be his life work, it was titled "Systemic Linkage and Decision-Making on a Board of Hospital Trustees."  Before completing his Doctorate of philosophy in 1962, he served as president of the University Chapter of Alpha Kappa Delta, the sociological honor society. In the same year he was selected as the Outstanding Graduate Student of the Department.

His first academic job (1962-64) as Assistant Professor of the University of California-Berkeley’s Department of Sociology and Space Science Center. During this period he was Consultant to the Office of Technology Utilization and Policy Planning of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. In this capacity it was his responsibility to try to facilitate the transfer into the private sector of innovative technologies developed for the space program.

Toward the last of these two years, he was invited to join the University of Chicago as Research Professor and Director of the Hospital Division of the Industrial Relations Center, which he accepted. In August 1972, he and a colleague published a prescient article called "Work-study Career Mobility Program" in the journal Hospital. It stressed the importance to health organizations of satisfied workers and clearly marked career mobility options.

In 1973 he organized a private firm, Holloway Hecht Hacker Boldy, which was based in Chicago. The company was designed to improve conditions in hospitals, with emphases on productivity, allocation of scarce resources, quality of work and of work life, reduction of the we/they gap, and vulnerability to union representation. To effect these goals the firm conducted trend analyses of satisfaction with pay, comparisons with other hospitals elsewhere, the identification of managers with Administration, and the contribution of fringe benefits to employees’ satisfaction.

Ten years later he organized a new firm, Holloway Health Management Group, located in Naperville, a city in the outskirts of Chicago. This firm collected, organized, and analyzed a database consisting of thousands of items extracted from studies of hundreds of hospitals throughout the United States. These items were used to assess the pulse of the organization. Included were priorities of improving each department of an organization; pinpointing target areas for action; providing safe channels for employee communication; and developing realistic employee expectations. He managed the company until he retired in 1994.

Bob Holloway leaves behind a devoted wife, Ila Carol Johnston Prine Holloway; a son, Robert E. Holloway, United States Navy, of Matoon, IL; a daughter, Elizabeth Prine and her husband, Adam Prine, of Des Moines, IA, and their son, Adam Prine Jr; a stepdaughter, Alizbeth Prine Craft, her husband Tim Craft, and their daughter, Lyllian Craft, of Holton, KS.

Eugene Erickson, Cornell University. Archibald O. Haller, University of Wisconsin-Madison

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Evelyn M. Kitagawa
1930-2007

Evelyn M. Kitagawa, Professor Emerita in Sociology, who did path-breaking work on demography, including work on mortality, died September 15, 2007, at the University Medical Center. Kitagawa, 87, was a resident of Chicago’s Hyde Park neighborhood.

Among her most important works was a large-scale study on the various factors related to death that she conducted with the late Philip M. Hauser, a former professor in sociology and her mentor. The two received a $1-million grant from the National Institutes of Health to look at the role of various personal, social, and economic factors on the cause of death for 500,000 Americans who died in 1960. They found that there were large differences in death rates according to income and education. White men and women between the ages of 25 and 64 with less education had higher death rates, the study found. The study also determined that low-income white women had a death rate almost twice as high as those in higher-income categories.

The two researchers’ work on mortality was published in 1973 in the book they co-authored, Differential Mortality in the United States: A Study in Socioeconomic Epidemiology. Kitagawa also was the author of other important books related to demography. In 1980, she published the results of a National Research Council panel study on population, Estimating Population and Income of Small Areas. With Donald Bogue, Professor Emeritus in Sociology, she co-authored two books, Techniques of Demographic Research: A Laboratory Manual (1964) and Suburbanization of Manufacturing Activity with Standard Metropolitan Areas (1955).

"Although best known for her work on mortality, she also did pioneering work in fertility, being among the first social scientists to systematically study the phenomenon of cohabitation and out-of-wedlock childbearing that began to skyrocket in the 1960s. She was among the first to study childbearing among adolescent girls particularly in low-income and ethnic neighborhoods," Bogue said.

"To her colleagues, Evelyn Kitagawa was a highly intelligent and efficient, hard worker, a friend to her colleagues, and deeply respected and admired by all," he added.

She was born Evelyn Mae Rose in Hanford, CA, and received a BA with highest honors in mathematics in 1941 from the University of California-Berkeley.

Kitagawa was head of the statistical analysis unit of the War Relocation Authority in Washington, DC, 1942-46 and spent time living and working in various relocation camps, where she met her husband, Joseph Mitsuo Kitagawa. They moved to Chicago, where she studied sociology at Chicago and received her PhD in 1951.

That same year, she began work as a Research Fellow at the Chicago Community Inventory, a University urban research center. Kitagawa specialized in the demography of cities and neighborhoods, and was the organizing and managerial force in the research and preparation of the Local Community Fact Book of Chicago, published after the U.S. Censuses of 1950 and 1960. "These included a lot of data (census and otherwise) for each sub area of the city. It was important for its time, allowing for rigorous investigation of a variety of topics dealing with urban phenomena—not the least being segregation, health, and social class," said former colleague Stanley Lieberson, Harvard University.

She served as a consultant to the Chicago Planning Commission and other local nonprofit agencies on matters of labor force, housing, mortality, and fertility. In 1954, she became an Assistant Professor of Sociology. She became a Professor in 1970 and served as Chair of the Sociology Department from 1972-78. She also directed the Population Research Center from 1977-87. Though Kitagawa retired in 1989, she continued to serve as a consultant on research projects at the University. She was a member of the Board of Trustees of the National Opinion Research Center from 1973-88, when she was named a life trustee.

She is survived by her daughter, Anne Rose Kitagawa of Boston, and was preceded in death by her husband, Joseph Kitagawa, a Professor Emeritus of the History of Religions and former Dean of the Divinity School.

William Harms, University of Chicago

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Gay Capouch Kitson
1941-2008

Gay Kitson died July 21, 2008, after a four-year battle with multiple myeloma. She was a retired professor of sociology at the University of Akron and a former Case Western Reserve University teacher and researcher. While at Case from 1968 to 1989, she was an associate professor in the Departments of Sociology and Anthropology and in the Family Medicine and Psychiatry, School of Medicine. She joined the University of Akron faculty in 1989, specializing in Sociology of the Family and Medical Sociology and retired in 2003. She was promoted to full professor in 1992.

A serious scholar, Gay was highly respected by those in her profession. She made important substantive contributions to the sociology of the family, for example, how women cope with the violent deaths of loved ones, and family life adjustments following divorce. Her research was supported by grants from a variety of sources and included six projects funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the National Institute on Aging.

Gay’s book, Portrait of Divorce: Adjustment to Marital Breakdown, won the 1994 ASA Family Section’s William J. Goode Book Award for the most outstanding book-length contribution to Family Sociology. In the words of one reviewer, "This is the very best that social science has to tell us about how it happens that couples divorce, and what happens to them afterward." In addition to many journal articles and book chapters, she also co-authored Familial Organization: A Quest for Determinants.

Gay contributed to the discipline and to academia in a number of other ways. She held editorial positions in several journals, specifically, Editor of Sociological Focus (2001-04), Guest Editor for a special issue of Journal of Family Issues (1989), and Associate Editor for Journal of Marriage and the Family (1981-93), and also for Journal of Family Issues (1989-2008).

Gay also served in an array of important leadership positions at Case Western Reserve University, the University of Akron, and within the broader professional community. Examples of the latter include President of The National Council on Family Relations, a 4,000 member multidisciplinary professional organization focused on family research, policy, and practice (2003-05), and Chair of the ASA Family Section (1995-1996). She took her administrative responsibilities seriously and whatever she managed was always improved following her turn at the helm.

Gay was not only an exemplary researcher; she also was an outstanding teacher and served as a committed mentor for many graduate students and younger faculty. She encouraged her students to attend professional meetings and went beyond that, spending time shepherding them once they were there, for example, introducing them in an in-depth way to the various scholars that they encountered. Having Gay for a professional role model was surely a great asset for her students.

Gay was blessed with a wonderful sense of humor. Her keen wit and willingness to be silly at times balanced her earnest academic side and endeared her to many. Some may remember that she had a fondness for outrageous hats.

Even with her laudable professional career, Gay had many interests outside the profession, one being the theater. She also had a long-term interest in the British royal family and made a solo trip to London for the 50th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth’s coronation. Gay, too, was an avid reader for enjoyment, and, last but not least, she had a great appreciation for fine dining. She could always be counted on to have done the necessary research to identify the best restaurants in whatever location we happened to be meeting.

Born in Chicago, Gay was raised in Libertyville, IL. She received a Bachelor of Science degree in journalism from Northwestern University and Master’s and Doctorate degrees in sociology from the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill. Gay was a dedicated scholar who will be missed by her many friends and colleagues. Those wishing to remember her may send contributions to the Ireland Cancer Center of University Hospitals of Cleveland, 11100 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44106.

Cynthia Beall, Case Western Reserve University; Alan Booth, Pennsylvania State University; R. Frank Falk, University of Akron; Sharon Houseknecht , Ohio State University.

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Ralph Segalman
1916-2008

Ralph Segalman, PhD, passed away Saturday, January 12, 2008, in Northridge, California. He was 91 years old. Segalman was Professor Emeritus of Sociology at California State University, Northridge. He was author of four books and numerous articles on sociology, social welfare, and social policy issues.

Ralph Segalman was born in the Williamsburg area of Brooklyn, New York, to Celia Lasky and Samuel Segalman. He received his bachelor’s degree and MSW from the University of Michigan, and his PhD in social psychology from New York University.

As a social worker for the American Joint Distribution Committee, he aided in resettling of some 300,000 Jews who passed through Austria after the World War II.

Segalman is survived by his wife, Anita June Segalman, an artist, of Northridge, by sons Robert Z. Segalman, PhD, ScD, of Sacramento, and Daniel J. Segalman, PhD, of Albuquerque, New Mexico, and by daughter Ruth, of Brookfield, Wisconsin. His extended family includes four granddaughters, Rachel, at the University of California-Berkeley, Iva of Tucson, Arizona, Rebecca, and Amy, both of Chicago, Illinois, and by a great-granddaughter, Noa, of Martinez, California.

Of note, this obituary is being submitted by his son, Bob, who is also a sociologist. Dad felt that one of his greatest accomplishments was that I completed my PhD, despite severe cerebral palsy, and worked full-time for 30 years as a sociologist.

In lieu of flowers, please send donations to: The Jewish Federation or to Speech Communication Assistance by Telephone, 515 P Street, #403, Sacramento, CA 95814. Tel. 916-448-5517; DrSTS@comcast.net. small_green

Bob Segalman, Speech Communications Assistance by Telephone, Inc.

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