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Call for Papers and Conferences

Georgia Political Science Association, November 2003 Annual Meeting, November 14-15, 2003, The Callaway Inn at Callaway Gardens, Pine Mountain, GA. Theme: “Consequences of Institutions and Cultures.” All other topics will be considered. The meeting is interdisciplinary and is open to all interested persons from all academic fields worldwide. For information about submitting proposals, registration and lodging, visit web2.mgc.edu/gpsa or e-mail Harold Cline at hcline@mgc.edu.

New York State Sociological Association (NYSSA) 51st Annual Meeting, October 17-18, Siena College, Loudonville, NY. Papers and panels are welcomed from graduate students, undergraduates, faculty, and other interested parties. The deadline for submissions is July 15, 2003. Send abstracts to Paul T. Murray, Department of Sociology, Siena College, Loudonville, NY 12211; e-mail murray@siena.edu.

Nineteenth-Century Studies Association (NCSA) Conference, March 11-13, 2004, St. Louis, MO. Theme: “Cultural Imperialism and Competition: Travel, World’s Fairs and National/Colonial Image.” Abstracts by October 1, 2003. Contact: Carol Flores, Department of Architecture, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306; e-mail cflores@bsu.edu.

Society for Applied Sociology (SAS) 21st Annual Meeting, October 16-19, 2003, New Orleans, LA, at the Lakeside Double Tree New Orleans Hotel in Metairie, LA. Theme: “Sociological Know-How: Back to Our Applied Roots.” The SAS Program Committee seeks proposals for papers, poster presentations, panels, and round tables that address important research questions, increase the knowledge and skills of SAS members, and promote the development of Applied Sociology in the academy, government agencies, non-profit organizations, and private sector consulting firms. Proposal submission deadline: July 31, 2003. Contact: Paul T. Melevin, 2003 Program Chair, Customer Survey Services Unit, Audit and Evaluation Division, Employment Development Department, 800 Capitol Mall, MIC 78, Sacramento, CA 95814-4807; (916) 487-6990; fax (916) 653-7171; e-mail pmelevin@sbcglobal.net. www.appliedsoc.org.

Publications

Advances in Life Course Research is an annual volume committed to extending scholarship on the life course. The aim of the 2004 volume is to present work examining the structure of the life course in terms of the occurrence, order, and timing of life course transitions. We seek theoretical and empirical papers that are original and innovative and reflect current debates on the standardization, individualization, and differentiation in life course events. The volume will include work on such diverse topics and orientations as individual and population processes, explorations of the structural and cultural context of the life course, historical or cross-nationally comparative analyses, examinations of the role of human agency in the construction of the life course, the implications of the structure of the life course for attainments and experiences, and work that cross-cuts the above areas of inquiry. Interested contributors should submit an abstract by September 15, 2003. Final papers will be due March 1, 2004. All submissions will be subject to peer review before publication. Please send abstracts and papers to: Ross Macmillan, Department of Sociology, University of Minnesota, 909 Social Sciences, 267 19th Avenue S., Minneapolis, MN 55455-0412; (612) 624-6509; e-mail macmilla@atlas.socsci.umn.edu.

The American Journal of Economics and Sociology (AJES) is looking for research papers on the political economy of natural resource economics with a special emphasis on what we know about these processes in light of public policy and geopolitical change. A selection will be invited for inclusion in the January 2005 gala issue. The AJES is a 62-year old refereed journal that sets no ideological standards for its collaborators or contributors and is committed to constructive synthesis in the social sciences. Submit a 600-word abstract to the editor: Laurence S. Moss, Economics Department, Babson College, Babson Park, MA 02457; e-mail LMOS@AOL.COM. The deadline for submitting abstracts is November 30, 2003, and the proposed final version of the paper is due February 1, 2004.

American Sexuality magazine seeks articles focused on sexuality health, education, and rights in the United States for immediate and future publication. American Sexuality is the online magazine published by San Francisco State University’s National Sexuality Resource Center (NSRC). Newly established scholars and graduate students, as well as senior faculty are encouraged to submit brief proposals (200 words) for articles concerning sexual health, sexual education, sexual rights, and/or sexual communities and cultures in the United States The published article will be 1000-1500 words and written in a style that is accessible to non-academic audiences. Find American Sexuality magazine and further instructions for authors online at . Contact Cymene Howe, Managing Editor, at (415) 437-3942 or e-mail cymene@sfsu.edu.

Gender & Society upcoming special issue on transnational feminist analyses of gender, sexuality, and state/nation. We invite feminist scholars to reconsider the sexual and gendered politics of states/nations and to critically analyze how states wield and realign their power. We are especially interested in articles that are empirically based while deepening and diversifying our theories of gender, sexuality, state, and nation. Deadline for submissions: August 31, 2003. Submit papers, including $10 submission fee payable to Gender & Society, to: Christine Williams, Editor, Gender & Society, Department of Sociology, 1 University Station A1700, University of Texas-Austin, Austin, TX 78712.

Internationalizing Sociology in the Age of Globalization. A new revision of the ASA syllabi set is in progress. The editors are Kamini Maraj Grahame (Penn State University-Harrisburg), Peter Grahame (Mount Saint Mary’s College), and Martin Malone (Mount Saint Mary’s College). We invite syllabi on internationalizing sociology, globalization processes, and global studies. We are interested in both general processes of internationalization and globalization, as well as more specific topics such as the global environment. We seek to put together a diverse syllabi set and select from a wide variety of potential contributions. Assignments, lists of films, and other supplementary materials are also of interest. All materials should be submitted on disk or in electronic form; we encourage inclusion of paper copies as well. Deadline for contributions is September 10, 2003, but earlier submissions are encouraged. Syllabi, sample assignments, and supplementary materials should be sent to: Kamini Maraj Grahame, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Pennsylvania State University-Harrisburg, 777 West Harrisburg Pike, Middletown, PA 17057; e-mail kmg16@psu.edu.

Research in the Sociology of Work. Volume 14 of the JAI Press series will focus on entrepreneurship. Papers on all aspects of entrepreneurship research are appropriate for this volume including the factors that lead people to become entrepreneurs, the implications of entrepreneurship for individuals and families, and the effects of entrepreneurial activity on organizations and economies. I encourage empirical papers (both quantitative and qualitative), conceptual work, theoretical papers, comparative studies, synthesis of previous literature, and policy-relevant work. Two copies of completed manuscripts should be submitted by April 15, 2004, to the Editor: Lisa A. Keister, Department of Sociology, 300 Bricker Hall, 190 North Oval Mall, the Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210; e-mail Keister.7@osu.edu.

Social and Preventive Medicine, the international journal of public health, will be producing issues on the following themes: (1) “Health Survey and Risk Factor Surveillance in Eastern Europe” (2) “Survey and Surveillance of Nutrition Behaviors: From Assessment of Nutrition Knowledge, Risk Perception and Dietary Habits to Public Health Action.” Submission deadline is October 31, 2003, for inclusion in the special issues. Contact: Nicole Graf, Editorial Offices SPM, Institut für Sozial-und Präventivmedizin, Niesenweg 6, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland; +41 31 631 3519; fax +41 31 631 3430; e-mail graf@ispm.unibe.ch www.birkhauser.ch/journals/3800/3800_tit.htm.

Sociological Studies of Children and Youth invites submissions for volume 11 to be published in 2004. This volume will examine children and youth from an international perspective. Papers submitted should report on the authors’ research on children and youth, highlighting methodological innovations, policy implications, or theoretical advancements. Contributions from all methodological orientations are encouraged. Authors should direct inquiries or submit a draft chapter by June 15, 2003, to: Loretta Bass, Guest Editor, Sociological Studies of Children and Youth, Department of Sociology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019; (405) 325-3262; fax (405) 325-7825; e-mail Lbass@ou.edu.

Syllabi and Instructional Material in Development and Women in Development. The ASA Teaching Resources Center invites submissions for consideration. Syllabi may be submitted in the broad areas of development and women in development (e.g., issues in development and globalization, women in development, sustainable development, development with an emphasis on the environment, peasants, refugees); regional development (e.g., Latin America, Africa, Asia, Middle East); and material concerning development studies programs in the United States and abroad. Instructional material may include bibliographies on development and women in development; titles of journals, periodicals, DVD/videos, and films with brief descriptions; Internet and web resources; national and international development organizations (e.g., NGOs, UN agencies, other types of organizations with an emphasis on development and women in development). Contact: Basil Kardaras, Capital University, Behavioral Sciences Department, Columbus, OH 43209; (614) 236-6785; fax (614) 236-6916. E-mail all submissions in electronic Word format to bkardara@capital.edu by June 15, 2003.

Meetings

June 28-July 1, 2004, Head Start’s 7th National Research Conference, presented by the Administration on Children, Youth and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, in collaboration with Xtria, LLC; Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health; and Society for Research in Child Development, Washington, DC. Theme: “Promoting Positive Development in Young Children: Designing Strategies That Work.” Contact: Bethany Chirico, (703) 821-3090 ext. 261; e-mail hsrc@xtria.com. www.headstartresearchconf.net.

July 13-15, 2003, Turning Science to the Service of Native Communities Conference, University of Alaska-Fairbanks. The focus of the conference will be on integrating behavioral and hard/environmental science with the goals, needs, cultures, and perspectives of Native communities. Contact: Sonya J. Le Febre, Department of Rangeland Ecosystem Science, College of Natural Resources, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1478; (970) 491-3908; fax (970) 491-2339; e-mail slefebre@lamar.colostate.edu; lamar.colostate.edu/~natsci/.

August 13-16, 2003, Association of Black Sociologists 33rd Annual Conference, Hyatt Regency Atlanta, Atlanta, GA. Theme: “Front-Loading Social Reality: Critical Demography and Black Superiority in Wealth, Status and Power.” Contact: Frank Harold Wilson, ABS 2003 Program Chair, Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Bolton Hall 724, Milwaukee, WI 53211; (414) 229-5820; e-mail chocchip@uwm.edu.

August 15-17, 2003. The Society for the Study of Social Problems (SSSP), 53rd Annual Meeting, Wyndham Hotel, Atlanta, GA. Theme: “Justice and the Sociological Imagination: Theory, Research, Teaching, Practice and Action.” Visit www.sssp1.org or contact Michele Koontz, Administrative Officer, mkoontz3@utk.edu, for additional information.

August 20, 2003, Mini-Conference on the Sociology of Music, organized by the ASA Sociology of Culture Section, Emory University, Atlanta, GA. The Mini-Conference provides a forum for discussion and an opportunity to hear of forthcoming and ongoing work in the Sociology of Music. Contact Tim Dowd (e-mail tdowd@emory.edu) if you are interested in presenting a paper. A select group of these papers will be published in a special issue of Poetics.

September 24-26, 2003, International Colloquium, Queen’s University, Belfast, Northern Ireland. Theme: “International Governance after September 11: Interdependence, Security, Democracy.” Contact: Alex Warleigh, Institute of Governance, Public Policy and Social Research, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, Ireland; fax +44 2890 272 551; e-mail A.Warleigh@qub.ac.uk; www.qub.ac.uk/gov.

September 25-26, 2003, Bethlehem Haven of Pittsburgh, Inc. Conference on Homelessness, Pittsburgh, PA, Omni William Penn Hotel. Theme: “Solutions that Work.” Contact: Conference on Homelessness: Solutions that Work, c/o Gove Group, 226 Paul Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15211; (412) 431-5087; fax (412) 431-5214; e-mail conference@gove.org.

October 9-10, 2003, Penn State 2003 National Family Symposium, Nittany Lion Inn on Penn State’s University Park campus. Theme: “Creating the Next Generation: Social, Economic, and Psycholo-gical Processes Underlying Fertility in Developed Countries.” Speakers and discussants from across the nation will examine the factors influencing declining fertility in developed nations and the implications of this decline. For more information contact Ann Morris at (814) 863-6607, or e-mail amorris@pop.psu.edu. www.pop.psu.edu/events/symposium/.

October 31-November 1, 2003, Symposium on the “Treadmill of Production,” University of Wisconsin-Madison with the Environment and Society Research Committee of the International Sociological Association. Contact: Fred Buttel, Department of Rural Sociology, University of Wisconsin, 1450 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706; (608) 262-7156; e-mail fhbuttel@wisc.edu.

December 12-14, 2003, Workshop sponsored by Institute for Gender and Women’s Studies at the American University in Cairo and the Center for the Study of Gender and Sexuality at New York University, Cairo, Egypt. Theme: “Gendered Bodies, Transnational Politics: Modern- ities Reconsidered.” Contact: Rabab Abduladi (e-mail rabab.abdulhadi@nyu.edu) or Martina Rieker (e-mail mrieker@aucegypt.edu).

Funding

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) seeks to recognize an individual or a limited number of individuals working together in the scientific or engineering community for making an outstanding contribution to furthering international cooperation in science and engineering. The AAAS International Scientific Cooperation (ISC) award is presented at the AAAS Annual Meeting. A monetary prize of $5,000, a commemorative plaque, complimentary registration, and reimbursement for reasonable travel and hotel expenses to attend the AAAS Annual Meeting are given to the recipient. The award is open to all regardless of nationality or citizenship and to any individual or small group in the scientific and engineering community that has contributed substantially to the understanding or development of science or engineering across national boundaries. Nominations should be typed and include the following: nominator’s name, address, and phone number; nominee’s name and title, institutional affiliation, and address; a summary of the action(s) that form the basis for the nomination (about 250 words); a longer statement, not to exceed three pages, providing additional details of the action(s) for which the candidate is nominated; two letters of support; a curriculum vitae (three-page maximum); any documentation (books, articles, or other materials) that illuminates the significance of the nominee’s achievement may also be submitted. Completed nominations should be submitted to: Linda Stroud, Awards Liaison, International Office, AAAS, 1200 New York Avenue NW, Room 1111 Washington, DC 20005, All materials must be received by August 1. Visit www.aaas.org.

The American Educational Research Association (AERA) Grants Program offers small grants and fellowships for researchers who conduct studies related to education policy and practice that include the analysis of large-scale, national and international data sets such as TIMSS, NAEP, NELS, CCD, IPEDS. Funding is available for doctoral students and doctoral-level researchers. The program supports quantitative research on a wide variety of educational issues that include but are not limited to: teachers and teaching, student achievement and assessment, curriculum development, mathematics and science education, student and parental attitudes, educational participation and persistence, school finance, early childhood education, and higher education. Deadlines for applications for the 2003-2004 year are: September 5, 2003; January 10, 2004; and March 10, 2004. For further information and requirements contact (805) 964-5264; e-mail jmurdock@aera.net. www.aera.net/grantsprogram.

The Canadian Studies Conference Grant Program supports conferences addressing important and timely issues about Canada, Canada/U.S., or Canada/North America. The Canadian government is particularly interested in innovative projects that promote awareness among students and the public about Canadian society, culture, and values as well as Canada-U.S. bilateral relations and Canada’s role in international affairs. Linkages with Canadian institutions, such as student and faculty exchanges or joint academic programs, are especially welcome. The Conference Grants are intended to secure greater understanding of the background, complexity, and ramifications of these issues. They are designed to assist an institution in holding a conference and publishing the papers and proceedings. Linkage with a Canadian institution, while not required, is desirable. Applications for the conference grant program are due by June 15, 2003. More information: www.canadianembassy.org/education/grantguide-en.asp#conference or www.canadianembassy.org/education/guidelines-en.pdf.

The 12-week Christine Mirzayan Science & Technology Policy Internship Program of the National Academies is designed to engage graduate science and social science, engineering, medical, veterinary, business, and law students in the analysis and creation of science and technology policy and to familiarize them with the interactions of science, technology, and government. Each intern is assigned to a senior staff member who acts as his or her mentor. The mentor provides guidance and ensures that the intern’s time is focused on substantive work and activities. Students can apply for winter, summer, or fall each year. For details and application information, visit nationalacademies.org/internship.

MIDUS (Midlife in the United States) Pilot Grant Program. Two pilot project grants will be awarded for innovative interdisciplinary research on adult health and well-being, with an emphasis on integrative approaches to understanding life course and subgroup variations in physical, socio-emotional, and cognitive functioning. All research must be based on the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) data set, or its satellite studies including the National Study of Daily Experiences (NSDE) and sibling/twin subsample studies. Grants of up to $15,000 will be awarded to investigators from a variety of disciplines. For detailed information on the pilot grants and application process, see www.rci.rutgers.edu/~carrds/midus/midus_home.htm. Applications must be received no later than July 1, 2003. Direct all applications and inquiries to: Deborah Carr, Institute for Health, Health Care Policy & Aging Research, Rutgers University, 30 College Ave., New Brunswick, NJ 08901; (732) 932-4068; e-mail carrds@rci.rutgers.edu.

Peter F. McManus Trust, Norristown, Pennsylvania, offers research grants to non-profit ((501) (c) (3)) organizations for research into the causes of alcoholism or substance abuse. Basic, clinical, and social-environmental proposals will be considered. Trust expects to grant approximately $200,000 this year and will consider requests for up to $50,000. Send brief summary proposal (two to three pages) and proposed budget along with copy of institution’s (501) (c) (3) letter and investigator’s biosketch. Application deadline is August 30, 2003. Additional information may be requested after initial review. Before any grant may be renewed, the grant recipient must submit a report to the Trust. For information, contact: Katharine G. Lidz, P.O. Box 751, Norristown, PA 19404; (610) 279-3370.

The United States Institute of Peace invites applications for the 2004-2005 Senior Fellowship competition in the Jennings Randolph Program for International Peace. About 12-15 fellowships are awarded annually. The Institute funds projects related to preventive diplomacy, ethnic and regional conflicts, peacekeeping and peace operations, peace settlements, democratization and the rule of law, cross-cultural negotiations, nonviolent social movements, and U.S. foreign policy in the 21st century. This year the Institute is especially interested in topics addressing problems of the Muslim world, post-war reconstruction and reconciliation, and responses to terrorism and political violence. Fellows reside at the Institute in Washington, DC, for a period of up to ten months to conduct research on their projects, consult with staff, and contribute to the ongoing work of the Institute. The fellowship award includes a stipend of up to $80,000, travel to Washington for the fellow and dependents, health insurance, an office, and a half-time research assistant. The competition is open to citizens of all nations. Women and minorities are especially encouraged to apply. All application materials must be received in our offices by September 15, 2003. For more information and an application form contact the Jennings Randolph Program, U.S. Institute of Peace, 1200 17th Street NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20036-3011; (202) 429-3886; fax (202) 429-6063; e-mail jrprogram@usip.org. www.usip.org.

The United States Institute of Peace invites applications for the 2004-2005 Peace Scholar dissertation fellowship competition of the Jennings Randolph Program for International Peace. The Peace Scholar program supports doctoral dissertations that explore the sources and nature of international conflict, and strategies to prevent or end conflict and to sustain peace. Peace Scholars work at their universities or appropriate field research sites. Priority will be given to projects that contribute knowledge relevant to the formulation of policy on international peace and conflict issues. Citizens of all countries are eligible, but Peace Scholars must be enrolled in an accredited college or university in the United States. Applicants must have completed all requirements for the degree except the dissertation by the commencement of the award (September 1, 2004). The dissertation fellowship award is $17,000 for one year and may be used to support writing or field research. All application materials must be received in our offices by January 9, 2004. For more information and an application form, contact: Jennings Randolph Program, U.S. Institute of Peace, 1200 17th Street NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20036-3011; (202) 429-3886; fax (202) 429-6063; e-mail jrprogram@usip.org. www.usip.org.

The Fulbright Scholar Program offers a number of lecturing, research, and lecturing/research awards in sociology for the 2004-2005 academic year. Awards for both faculty and professionals range from two months to an academic year. While many awards specify project and host institution, there are a 153 open “All Disciplines” awards that allow candidates to propose their own project and determine their host institution affiliation. Foreign language skills are needed in some countries, but most Fulbright lecturing assignments are in English. Application deadlines for 2004-2005 awards are: August 1 for Fulbright traditional lecturing and research grants worldwide. For information, visit www.cies.org, e-mail apprequest@cies.iie.org, or contact: The Council for International Exchange of Scholars 3007 Tilden Street NW, Suite 5L, Washington, DC 20008; (202) 686-7877.

In the News

The discipline of Sociology along with prominent sociologists Robert Merton, Max Weber, Emile Durkheim, Jurgen Habermas, Pierre Bourdieu, Amitai Etzioni, and Anthony Giddens were featured in a March 21 article in the Financial Times about the advantage of sociology over economics as a social science in dealing with social issues and public policy.

The American Sociological Association was mentioned in two March 20 New York Times articles: one on the disagreements among scientists on the role of race in medicine and the other on a controversial study that challenges the notion that increased racial diversity in higher education improves racial tolerance and the educational experience of the student body in universities.

Richard Alba, State University of New York-Albany, was quoted in the March 18 New York Times about immigrants’ feelings about the war in Iraq and again on March 23 about immigrants feeling pressure to display their loyalty to America and how that affects their beliefs on war.

Nancy Ammerman, Hartford Seminary, was quoted in a March 16 Denver Post article on Elizabeth Smart and how she might have been coerced into silence by her abductor.

Juan Battle, Hunter College and CUNY-Graduate Center, was quoted in The Philadelphia Tribune on February 21 discussing homophobia on Black college campuses.

Eduardo Bonilla-Silva, Texas A&M University, appeared in episode three of the PBS documentary “Race—The Power of an Illusion,” which aired on April 24.

Robert Bullard, Clark Atlanta University, was quoted in an Associated Press story about minority groups mobilizing against pollution in their area, which appeared in the Washington Post, CNN.com, and the Orange County Register.

Larry Bumpass, University of Wisconsin, was quoted in a March 13 Washington Post article on Census data about unmarried couples with children.

James Burk, Texas A&M University, was quoted and interviewed in numerous media outlets from January to March regarding the war in Iraq. These outlets include USA Today, BBC Radio News, Washington Post, The Cape Times (South Africa), Balochistan Post (Pakistan), New Zealand Herald, The Salt Lake Tribune, St. Louis Dispatch, KURV talk radio, Chicago Tribune, Orange County Register, Columbus Dispatch, Oakland Tribune, WWRL-AM talk radio, Dallas Morning News, New York Times, and the Christian Science Monitor.

Lee Clarke, Rutgers University, was quoted in a March 14 article in the Chronicle of Higher Education on the likelihood of a terror attack on different parts of the U.S.; and in the March 20 The Star Ledger on local and national government response to a potential terror attack or a catastrophic disaster.

Douglas B. Currivan, University of Massachusetts-Boston, was quoted in an April 24 Los Angeles Times article about the effect of walls, fences, hedges as barriers between neighbors and the impact they have.

Michele Dillon, University of New Hampshire, was quoted in the Boston Globe on April 18 and during the past few months in the Globe, the Eagle Tribune, Foster’s Daily Democrat, New Hampshire Public Radio, and local television, on issues pertaining to the Catholic Church.

Peter Dreier, Occidental College, authored two articles in The Nation: “The Rich Have Reason to Rejoice,” on January 6 and “Lobbying for Peace” on February 24. He was quoted in the March 13 Los Angeles Times profile of folksinger/activist Guy Carawan; in the March/April issue of Dollars & Sense on affordable housing; in the March 6 and 7 issues of the Pasadena Star-News on the potential economic impact of a war on Iraq; in the March 30 New York Times on the patriotism of the American left; in the February 28 Chronicle of Philanthropy on foundations’ pursuit of trendy issues; and in the April 25 National Journal on the politics of foundations. Dreier was also interviewed on March 13 in The California Report, a public affairs program syndicated on NPR-affiliated radio stations throughout California.

Carroll L. Estes, University of California-San Francisco, was featured prominently in a January 5 The Press Democrat article about her life and career as an advocate for the elderly.

Joe Feagin, University of Florida, was interviewed on the relations between Black Americans and Latino Americans for Voice of America’s Mainstreet program on March 11.

Donna Gaines, New School University, was featured in an article in the March 16 Boston Globe about her love for rock and roll, popular culture, and her recently published memoir, A Misfit’s Manifesto.

Herbert J. Gans, Columbia University. His new book, Democracy and the News (Oxford University Press, 2003), was reviewed in the Washington Post on March 13; in the New York Times Book Review on March l6; and in the Village Voice on March 18.

Barry Glassner, University of Southern California, was quoted in the March 23 New York Times on the risk of being killed in a terrorist attack and the perpetuation of fear; and in the May 1 Washington Post on the fear and conjecturing of the next terrorist attack.

William B. Helmreich, CUNY-Graduate Center, was quoted in the March 17 New York Times in an article about St. Patrick’s Day and Purim falling on the same day and the similarities between the two.

Donald J. Hernandez, University at Albany, was quoted in the February 10 issue of Newsweek on the work of adults and children on pre-industrial farms.

Arlie Hochschild, University of California-Berkeley, was quoted in a May 1 San Francisco Chronicle article about legislation to replace time-and-a-half pay with comp time.

Jason Kaufman, Harvard University, was featured in a front-page article in the Ottawa Citizen on Canadians’ general lack of interest in cricket, a sport with widespread appeal in most other Commonwealth countries.

James R. Kelly, Fordham University, was quoted in the April 20 New York Times about the uncertainties that still exist for New York and America in the “Season of Hope” of Passover and Easter.

Louis Kriesberg, Syracuse University, wrote an op-ed column on approaches to the Iraq conflict that was published in the Turlock Journal and the Herald News.

Janja Lalich, California State University-Chico, was quoted in the New York Daily News, St. Paul Pioneer Press, NPR’s Morning Edition, and the Salt Lake Tribune on the Elizabeth Smart abduction.

Steven Levitt, University of Chicago, was featured in a March 16 Washington Post article about discriminatory tendencies among contestants in the game show The Weakest Link.

William Lockhart, Baylor University, was quoted in an April 19 Houston Chronicle article on the 10th anniversary of the Davidian compound in Waco, TX.

Martin N. Marger, Michigan State University, appeared on CBC radio and television on March 27, as part of a panel discussing current Canadian-American relations, “Are We Still Friends?”

Mansoor Moaddel, Eastern Michigan University, was mentioned in an article in the April 11 issue of the Chronicle of Higher Education about his project to compare Muslim attitudes on various topics before and after September 11, 2001.

Charles Moskos, Northwestern University, was quoted on a March 15 Washington Post article on the backlash against Jews during the Iraq war, and again in the March 22 New York Times about the lack of children of the elite serving in the war.

Gary Natriello, Columbia University Teachers College, was quoted in an April 22 Christian Science Monitor article on the state of public schools 20 years after “A Nation at Risk.”

Orlando Patterson, Harvard University, was mentioned in an opinion piece regarding public policy on affirmative action by Yale law professor Peter Schuck in the May 2 issue of the Chronicle of Higher Education.

Robert Perrucci, Purdue University, was quoted in the April 15 issue of Family Circle on a special survey report conducted by the magazine and titled “Can Money Buy Happiness?”

Robert Ross, Clark University, was quoted in a March 12 USA Today article about fatality rates increasing for Hispanic workers.

Juliet Schor, Boston College, was quoted in the April 20 New York Times about people shopping and spending less during a time of war.

Pepper Schwartz, University of Washington-Seattle, was on Fox Broadcasting Company’s Married by America show on March 24, interacting with the show’s participants in a discussion about the couple’s relationships.

Paul Starr, Auburn University, appeared on Alabama Public Television’s For the Record on April 1 to talk about the cost and time of organizing the post-Saddam Iraq.

Diane Vaughn, Boston College, was quoted in the April 24, 2003, Washington Post in an article about aspects of the organizational culture at NASA that mitigate against efforts to increase safety of the space shuttle program and missions.

Linda Waite, University of Chicago, was quoted in an April 21 Washington Post article about the relationship between happiness and marriage.

Rhys Williams, University of Cincinnati, was interviewed by the Cincinnati Enquirer, Cincinnati Post, Kentucky Post, Cleveland Plain-Dealer, San Diego Union-Tribune, Beliefnet.com, ABCnewsNet.com, and WLW radio on religion and the current anti-war movement.

William Julius Wilson, Harvard University, was quoted in the March 27 New York Times regarding the political career of Daniel Patrick Moynihan.

Caught in the Web

CLIKS. In-depth, local-level data on the well-being of America’s children and families is now available at the CLIKS website located at www.aecf.org/kidscount/cliks/. Users can access state-specific inventories of local data on children from sources that include health departments, human services agencies, and schools. With dynamic tools such as community profiles and color-coded maps and graphs, users can create a snapshot of their town, city, or county. CLIKS’ ranking system compares communities within states, charting data on child well-being over time.

The Red Feather Institute for Advanced Studies in Sociology maintains a variety of teaching and research resources for faculty, graduate and undergraduate students. These resources are online at www.tryoung.com.

Competitions

The Association for Institutional Research, in cooperation with the Center for the Study of College Student Values at Florida State University, is conducting a national competition for papers that describe effective strategies for assessing character development in college. Papers are invited that describe character assessment programs in current use by colleges and universities and how such programs make a difference. First Prize: $4000; Second Prize: $2000; Third Prize: $1000. Deadline for submissions is September 1, 2003. Contact: Jon Dalton, Director, Center for the Study of Values in College Student Development, Educational Leadership and Policy Studies; (850) 644-6446; e-mail jdalton@admin.fsu.edu. www.CollegeValues.org/Resources.cfm.

The Gypsy Lore Society has established a prize of $300 for the best unpublished paper by a young scholar on a topic in Romani Studies. Papers written in English by graduate students beyond their first year of study and those holding the PhD who are no more than three years beyond the awarding of the degree at the time of submission are eligible to compete. Any topic that would be deemed appropriate for the journal Romani Studies will be considered. The submitted paper must be unpublished and not under consideration for publication at the time of submission. However, papers that have appeared in a working papers series are still eligible for consideration. The deadline for papers is October 30, 2004. The winning paper will be published in an issue of the journal Romani Studies. Contact: Gypsy Lore Society Prize Competition, University of Chicago, Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures, 405 Foster Hall, 1130 East 59th Street, Chicago, IL 60637; tel/fax (301) 341-1261; e-mail ssalo@capaccess.org.

Summer Programs

The Summer Institute on Sexuality, Culture and Society will take place June 29-July 24, 2003. The Summer Institute is an intensive four-week program focusing on the study of sexuality across cultures and is taught by an international faculty team. This highly specialized program is for advanced students, primarily PhD and MA students in the socio-cultural sciences and professionals working for NGO’s. Contact: Summer Institute on Sexuality, Culture, and Society, InternationalSchool for the Humanities and Social Sciences, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Oude Turfmarkt 129,1012 GC Amsterdam, The Netherlands; (+31 20) 525-3776; fax (+31 20) 525 3778; e-mail summerinstitute@ishss.uva.nl www.ishss.uva.nl/SummerInstitute.

Zoryan Institute for Contemporary Armenian Research and Documentation, Genocide and Human Rights University Program, August 5-15, 2003, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The purpose of the course is to promote an understanding of genocide through a multi-disciplinary and comparative approach applied to major 20th century genocides. Case histories include the Armenian Genocide, the Holocaust, the genocides of Rwanda and Bosnia, and ethnic cleansing in Kosovo. Topics include the causes, methods, and effects of genocide, genocide and human rights, genocide and gender, genocide denial, and genocide prevention. Faculty is made up of leading genocide scholars from the U.S., Canada, Israel, and Turkey. The course is open to junior and senior undergraduates, graduate students and scholars at the assistant professor rank with an interest in genocide and human rights. The cost is $500 (U.S.) tuition and living expenses in Toronto. Subsidized dormitory housing will be available. For further infor mation e-mail Zoryan@idirect.CA. www.ZoryanInstitute.org.

New Academic Programs

University of California-Irvine is now offering an online master’s degree program in Criminology, Law, and Society. The first online master’s program in the University of California system, this fully accredited program is designed for professionals seeking a graduate degree for career advancement in the areas of law enforcement, probation, corrections, secret service, investigation, and many other fields. More information is at learn.uci.edu/mas-cls. Contact Lise White, Educational Consultant, University of California-Irvine, Criminology, Law and Society; (949) 824-9055; elwhite@uci.edu .

Georgetown University ’s Department of Sociology and Anthropology is starting a new concentration in Social Justice Analysis. This optional track focuses on the theories and analysis of structural inequalities through community-based learning. This concentration is designed to incorporate a student developmental approach to learning and provide students with academic skills necessary to effect positive social change. The gateway course to the concentration is “Social Justice Analysis: Theory and Practice” and the capstone course is “Project D.C.” More information is at www.georgetown.edu/departments/sociology/newsletter/SJA.html .

Members' New Books

Vern L. Bengtson, University of Southern California, Timothy J. Biblarz, University of Southern California, and Robert E. L. Roberts, How Families Still Matter: A Longitudinal Study of Youths in Two Generations (Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Berch Berberoglu, University of Nevada-Reno, Globalization of Capital and the Nation-State (Rowman and Littlefield, 2003).

Lynn Schofield Clark, University of Colorado, From Angels to Aliens: Teenagers, the Media, and the Supernatural (Oxford University Press, 2003).

Amitai Etzioni, George Washington University, My Brother’s Keeper: A Memoir and a Message (Rowman and Littlefield, 2003).

Olivier Favereau and Emmanuel Lazega, University of Lille (France), editors, Conventions and Structures in Economic Organization (Edward Elgar Publishers, 2002).

Joe Feagin, University of Florida, and Karyn McKinney, Penn State University-Altoona, The Many Costs of Racism (Rowman and Littlefield, 2003).

Michael J. Handel, University of Wisconsin-Madison, The Sociology of Organizations: Classic, Contemporary, and Critical Readings (Sage, 2002).

Peggy Levitt, Wellesely College, and Mary C. Waters, Harvard University, The Changing Face of Home: The Transnational Lives of the Second Generation (Russell Sage Foundation, 2003).

Nancy Lopez, University of New Mexico, Hopeful Girls, Troubled Boys: Race and Gender Disparity in Urban Education (Routledge, 2003).

Ramiro Martinez, Jr., Florida International University, Latino Homicide: Immigration, Violence, and Community (Routledge, 2002).

Omar M. McRoberts, University of Chicago, Streets of Glory: Church and Community in a Black Urban Neighborhood (University of Chicago Press, 2003).

Phyllis Moen, Cornell University, editor, It’s About Time: Couples and Careers (Cornell University Press, 2003).

Jeylan T. Mortimer, University of Minnesota, Working and Growing Up in America (Harvard University Press, 2003).

John P. Myers, Rowan University, Dominant-Minority Relations in America: Linking Personal History with the Convergence in the New World (Allyn and Bacon, 2003).

Robert Prus, University of Waterloo, and Scott Grills, Brandon University, The Deviant Mystique: Involvements, Realities, and Regulation (Praeger Press, 2003).

Leslie Salzinger, University of Chicago, Genders in Production: Making Workers in Mexico’s Global Factories (University of California Press, 2003).

John Schmalzbauer, College of the Holy Cross, People of Faith: Religious Conviction in American Journalism and Higher Education (Cornell University Press, 2003).

Beverly J. Silver, Johns Hopkins University, Forces of Labor: Workers’ Movements and Globalization Since 1870 (Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Christian Smith, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, The Secular Revolution: Power, Interest, and Conflict in the Secularization of American Public Life (University of California Press, 2003); Moral, Believing Animals: Human Personhood and Culture (Oxford University Press, 2003).

Brett C. Stockdill, California State Polytechnic University-Pomona, Activism Against AIDS: At the Intersections of Sexuality, Race, Gender and Class (Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003).

Richard Tomlinson, Robert Beauregard, New School University, Lindsay Bremner, and Xolela Mangcu, editors, Emerging Johannesburg: Perspectives on the Post-Apartheid City (Routledge, 2003).

George Yancey, Who Is White? Latinos, Asians and the New Black/Nonblack Divide (Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003).

People

Wendell Bell, Yale University, spoke on March 9 at the public program, “How Has Life Changed since September 11?” at the National Museum of American History in Washington, DC.

Peter Dreier, Occidental College, organized a three-day visit to the Occidental campus by folksinger/civil rights activist Guy Carawan including a concert on March 15 at which Carawan received an honorary degree.

Judith Lorber, Brooklyn College and CUNY-Graduate School, spent two weeks in Israel in January as a Fulbright Senior Specialist. She gave a workshop in the Gender and Women’s Studies Program at Bar Ilan University, and talks at Haifa University, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and Tel Aviv University.

Maria Lowe, Southwestern University, was selected to participate in the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Summer Institute for College and University Teachers Program titled “African American Struggles for Freedom and Civil Rights, 1866 to 1965.”

Gene Rosa, Washington State University, delivered the keynote address, “From the Tower: An Elevated View,” at the dedication of the Jeanne X. Kasperson Research Library at Clark University, Worcester, MA.

Carolyn Vasques Scalera is the new Assistant Director of Student Activities for Community Service at George Washington University.

John Seem has received a tenure-track position at St. John Fisher College, teaching undergraduate sociology and graduate human services administration.

Roberta Spalter-Roth, American Sociological Association, is the incoming president of the District of Columbia Sociological Society.

Other Organizations

The Alcohol Research Mentoring System (ARMS), sponsored by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) and the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities of the National Institutes of Health, is recruiting new, minority investigators interested in alcohol-focused social or behavioral science research projects. ARMS will match these new, PhD-level, investigators with senior, NIAAA-funded researchers who will serve as mentors. With guidance from a mentor, each new investigator will produce a grant application or improve an earlier grant submission that did not receive a fundable score. Participants will be expected to complete the specific aims and rationale for an application within three months of being assigned a mentor. To be considered, a candidate must submit a brief concept paper that describes his or her research plan, a letter of support for program participation from an appropriate teaching or research supervisor (e.g., Department Chair), and a professional letter of reference. ARMS is intended to broaden the base of research opportunities for racial and ethnic minorities and expand NIAAA’s research among underserved populations. Applications from African Americans, Hispanic/Latinos, Asian/Pacific Islanders, and American Indian/Alaska Natives are encouraged. Non-minority faculty at Historically Black Colleges and Universities are also welcome to apply. To request an application, contact: Mary Ann D’Elio, e-mail mdelio@cdmgroup.com. To discuss research issues, contact Marcia Scott at NIAAA, (301) 402-6328. For more information about alcohol research or the ARMS program, visit www.niaaa.nih.gov or www.niaaa-arms.org.

The European Sociology Students Association (ESSA) was founded in Sovata, Romania, on March 2, 2003, by students from Bulgaria, Croatia, Moldova, Romania, Serbia, and Slovenia. The goals of the association are to promote sociology as a profession; to open communication channels; enable easier access to information; to promote and encourage sociological research on local, national or regional level; to promote and encourage interdisciplinary co-operation; to connect and co-operate with institutes for social sciences and other scientific institutions; and to care for and protect students’ educational, social, cultural and other interests and rights. Contact essa_europe@yahoo.com.

The North Carolina Sociological Association is pleased to announce the release of the new journal Sociation Today. The first issue of the journal is located at www.ncsociology.org/sociationtoday/index.htm. Spread the word among your colleagues. Sociation Today seeks short articles with one or two tables that relate to core sociological concepts. Details about the journal are located at www.ncsociology.org/sociationtoday/journal.htm.

The Department of Rural Sociology at Washington State University is pleased to announce its name change to the Department of Community and Rural Sociology. This reflects more accurately the teaching, research, and extension interests of the department as it has evolved into a broader orientation with an emphasis on interactions within the communities.

Awards

The Eastern Sociological Society presented the following awards: Candace Rogers Award, Gretchen Livingston, University of Pennsylvania; Robin M. Williams, Jr. Lectureship award, Ronald Taylor, University of Connecticut; Rose Laub Coser award, Karen Albright, New York University; Mirra Komarovsky Award, Eric Klinenberg, for Heat Wave; Honorable Mention to Kathleen Blee for Inside Organized Racism and Mounira Chaarrad for States and Women’s Rights; ESS Merit Award to Bernard Barber, Columbia University.

The Midwest Sociological Society presented the following awards: Graduate Student Paper Competition Award: First Place, David G. Ortiz, University of Notre Dame; Second Place, Janice McCabe, Indiana University; Third Place, Cihan Tugal, University of Michigan. Undergraduate Student Paper Competition Award: First Place, Brian Mckenzie, University of Nebraska-Lincoln; Second Place, Ortencia Arellano, Beloit College; Third Place, Audrey Lynn Otto, Augustana College. Social Action Awards: “The Enterprising Kitchen,” The Illinois Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights.

The North Central Sociological Association presented the following awards: Robert Newby, Central Michigan University, Distinguished Service Award; Charles P. Gallmeier, Indiana University Northwest, Distinguished Contributions to Teaching Award; Douglas Harper, Duquesne University, Distinguished Scholarly Achievement Award; Carla Howery, American Sociological Association, special award for service to the region.

The Pacific Sociological Association presented the following awards: Amy Binder, University of Southern California, Distinguished Scholarship Award for her book Contentious Curricula: Afrocentrism and Creationism in American Public Schools; Demetra Kalogrides, Santa Clara University, Distinguished Undergraduate Student Paper Award; Andrew Jorgensen, University of California-Riverside, Distinguished Graduate Student Paper Award; Richard Nagasawa, Arizona State University, Zhenchao Qian, Ohio State University, and Paul Wong, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Distinguished Contribution to Sociological Perspectives Award.

Rutgers University-Camden. The Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice was awarded the university’s Programmatic Excellence Award in Undergraduate Education, which carries a $10,000 stipend and is based on the department’s pioneering role in technology use.

The Southern Sociological Society presented the following awards: Roll of Honor Award, Ronald Akers, University of Florida; Odum Award (graduate), Edward W. Morris, University of Texas-Austin; Odum Award (undergraduate), Harmony Newman, Centenary College; Distinguished Service Award, Martin L. Levin, Mississippi State University.

Margaret Andersen, University of Delaware, received the SWS Distinguished Feminist Lectureship Award.

The Louisiana Library Association Annual Literary Award was given to Carl L. Bankston III, Tulane University, and Stephen J. Caldas, University of Louisiana for their book, A Troubled Dream: The Promise and Failure of School Desegregation in Louisiana.

Catherine White Berheide, Skidmore College, and Kathleen McKinney, Illinois State University, were selected as two of the 26 Carnegie Scholars in Teaching and Learning for 2003-2004.

April Brayfield, Tulane University, received the 2003 R.C. Read Award for Excellence in Teaching in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and the President’s Award for Innovative Use of Technology in Teaching.

Al Gedicks, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, received the 2003 Recognition of Excellence Award for Research/Scholarship/Creative Endeavors by the College of Liberal Studies.

Jeffrey A. Halley, University of Texas-San Antonio, is a Fulbright Professor for spring 2003 at Khazar University and the Caucasus Research and Resource Center of the Eurasia Foundation, Baku, Azerbaijan.

Sandra Hanson, Catholic University, Ivy Kennelly, George Washington University, and Stefan Fuchs, University of Munich, received a research grant from the National Science Foundation for their research on, “U.S.-Germany Cooperative Research—Perceptions of Fairness: Attitudes about Opportunity and Status Among Women Scientists in Germany and the U.S.”

Garry Hesser, Augsburg College, was the recipient of the 2002 Distinguished Sociologist of Minnesota Award presented annually by the Sociologists of Minnesota.

Barbara Karcher received the 2003 Kennesaw State University Distinguished Service Award.

Emily Kolker and Peter Conrad, Brandeis University, were awarded a two-year, $30,000 grant for Emily Kolker’s dissertation, “Family Networks and Social Understandings of Genetic Risk: The Case of Hereditary Breast/Ovarian Cancer.”

Freddie R. Obligacion, Metropolitan College of New York, received an Employee Recognition Award for being the faculty member who best epitomizes and embodies empowerment.

Arvind Rajagopal, New York University, was awarded the Ananda Kentish Coomaraswamy Prize for the best book on South Asia in 2003 by the Association of Asian Studies. The award recognizes Rajagopal’s book Politics After Television: Hindu Nationalism and the Reshaping of the Public in India (Cambridge, 2001).

Doris P. Slesinger, University of Wisconsin-Madison, received the Distinguished Rural Sociologist Award from the Rural Sociological Society.

Joey Sprague, University of Kansas, is the 2003 recipient of the University’s Dykes Teaching Award for Excellence in Teaching.

Salvador Vidal-Ortiz, CUNY-Graduate Center, received the Sexuality Research Fellowship Program award from the Social Science Research Council for his dissertation fieldwork for 2003-04.

Christine Min Wotipka, Stanford University, is one of the inaugural group of post-doctoral Global Fellows at the International Institute at the University of California-Los Angeles for 2003-2004.

Deaths

Odin W. Anderson, a pioneer in medical sociology and applied social science, passed away on March 18.

George W. Baker, National Science Foundation, died of renal failure on March 19 at his home in Chevy Chase, MD.

Walter M. Gerson, Professor Emeritus of Williamette University, died on December 24, 2002.

Former ASA president William Goode, George Mason University, died on May 4.

Howard Harrod, Vanderbilt University, died on February 3.

Thomas Ktsanes, Emeritus professor, Tulane University, died on March 25.

Bevode C. McCall died on March 3 in Jacksonville, FL.

Constance Ormsby Verdi, former professor at Prince George’s Community College, died on March 8 at Washington, DC.

Werner D. von der Ohe was murdered in Nairobi, Kenya, on February 9.

Eugene C. Weiner, Haifa University, died February 24.

Obituaries

Robert W. Avery
(1925-2003)

The world has lost another of those uncommon persons of exemplary character whose lives enhance and enrich those of others around them. Bob Avery was a child of the Midwest, growing up in Duluth, Minnesota. He attended Oberlin College, where he formed life-long friendships. After service in the Army Air Corps during World War II, he earned a BA in economics in 1948 and a MA in sociology in 1952, delayed by a return to uniform in the period 1950-1952. Then, at Harvard in the Department of Social Relations, he developed what became a lifelong interest in what Herbert Simon called administrative science. After earning his PhD in 1959, he joined the sociology faculty at the University of Pittsburgh, where he remained until his retirement in 1992. After a lengthy illness, he died on March 25, 2003.

In so many ways, day after day, year after year, Bob Avery lived a life governed by strong academic value commitments, a concept favored by one of his mentors at Harvard, Talcott Parsons. In both his general approach to social science and in his collaborative interdisciplinary research studies of formal organizations, Bob combined a focus on both theory and practice. In the early 1960s Chancellor Litchfield called on him and Carl Beck, the political scientist, to create an Administrative Science Center at the University of Pittsburgh. Carl Beck and Bob Avery, with many others, then laid the groundwork for the establishment of the University Center for International Studies at Pittsburgh in 1968. Bob understood that “the international dimension,” as it was called then, was of crucial importance for the future of the University and for the social sciences and humanities. When changes in the political situation in China made it possible for some social scientists to venture to rebuild the discipline of sociology in the universities there, Bob was one of those in our field who went there to aid in that institution-building process. Later he served the sociology department of The Chinese University of Hong Kong as their external examiner.

Graduate students recognized him as someone who could be counted on to be a truly helpful mentor. Time and again, he worked with thesis drafts and redrafts with no other anticipated reward than that of helping the student to produce a valuable contribution to knowledge. Students from other cultures especially sought him out for his rare combination of sociological competence, his familiarity with their societies, and his mild-mannered ease of interaction. Undergraduate majors in sociology turned to him for advice not just about courses but about larger questions concerning the meaning and application of sociology and about how it might inform their search for a satisfying career after completion of their studies at Pittsburgh. As this writer can testify, chairs of the Department of Sociology—five over the decades of Bob’s career at Pittsburgh—would turn to Bob for counsel concerning departmental problems requiring the sort of collectivity-orientation that their roles required and which Bob naturally provided within the framework of his own personal dispositions.

When he retired, the Department of Sociology at Pittsburgh established the Robert W. Avery Award, given annually for excellence in sociology by a senior majoring in the field. Each year, while his health permitted, Bob attended the ceremony. It was a Durkheimian solidarity-renewing ritual in which his colleagues revived their sense of being more than a collection of individuals with their own interests. While the obvious common focus of attention was the recipient of the award, the ceremony also reminded all of us of the man in whose name it was given: two embodiments of the same generalized value commitment to sociological knowledge and to its transmission across the generations.

Bob Avery lived an exemplary virtuous life through his many roles in relation to the many others, not least his devoted wife Minnie and their splendid children Chris and Robin Avery. All of those who experienced his generosity of spirit and concern for their welfare will remember him fondly as a man of exceptional character and wisdom. We—the human community—need more people like him. We—the community of sociologists—should reflect on and attempt to implement in practice the construction of social conditions that produce such men as Bob Avery.

Thomas J. Fararo and Burkart Holzner, University of Pittsburgh

Donna Darden
( –2003)

Donna Darden, former Sociology and Philosophy Chairperson at Tennessee Technological University, died Thursday, April 3, at Cookeville Regional Medical Center after suffering a massive stroke a few days earlier. She was 61.

“Donna had a terrific sense of humor and a wealth of knowledge—not just ‘book’ knowledge, but knowledge about people and life,” says Gretta Stanger, interim chairperson of Sociology & Philosophy at Tennessee Technological University. “She had a strong personality, and I respect that. I’m going to miss her on a personal level, but also academically and professionally. Sociology as a profession is going to miss her. She was a major moving force in most of our organizations.”

Before joining the Tennessee Tech faculty in 1993, Darden was a visiting professor at the University of Tampa and a senior researcher at Fireside Productions in Atlanta. She also taught at the universities of Arkansas, Georgia, Hawaii and South Florida. At Fireside Productions, a television commercial production company, Darden conducted demographic studies, focus group interviews and in-house training.

A graduate of Agnes Scott College and Louisiana State University, Darden earned a PhD from the University of Georgia in 1973. She was a member of a number of professional societies, serving as president of the National Council of State Sociological Associations, the international honor society of Alpha Kappa Delta, the Mid-South Sociological Association, the Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction and the Arkansas Sociological Association.

In 1999, the Mid-South Sociological Association presented her with the Special Presidential Award for her “exemplary leadership, committed service and significant contributions as past president;” earlier this week, the group decided to name its annual undergraduate paper award in Darden’s honor.

Co-author of two textbooks, she published more than 50 articles, book chapters, reviews and essays and made more than 70 presentations at conferences. Her particular area of interest was symbolic interaction.

Darden chaired Sociology and Philosophy for seven years before deciding to resume full-time teaching. This term, she was teaching a double section of Introduction to Sociology, as well as Marriage and Family Relations. She was known in her department—and to sociology organizations nationwide—for her technological savvy; she was, for instance, known as the “list mom” of the TeachSoc listserv.

“Donna connected us to so many people, resources and organizations, and she was instrumental in developing our current pattern of undergraduates presenting papers at regional meetings,” says Stanger. “Students now expect that they’ll present their research at these meetings, thanks to our department culture being so supportive of undergraduate research.”

Darden also instituted the undergraduate teaching-assistants program in Sociology, in which students served as peer mentors.

“She had a real following, which was useful to students and the department—and led to our peer reviewer reporting that students stayed at Tech in part at least because they felt like they belonged,” says Stanger.

Darden leaves behind hundreds of devoted students and teaching assistants, as well as friends, family, and colleagues.

Adapted from the Tennessee Technological University’s Tech Times.

Beth B. Hess
(1928–2003)

Tragically, Beth B. Hess died at her home in Mt. Hope, New Jersey, on April 17, of a brain tumor. Beth was an accomplished feminist sociologist and gerontologist whose leadership, scholarship, service, and mentoring will be remembered by many.

Beth Bowman Hess was born in Buffalo, NY. She graduated from Radcliffe College with a BA in government in 1950 and received her PhD in sociology from Rutgers University in 1971. She was Professor of Sociology at the County College of Morris from 1969 to 1997. While she had no illusions about the status of this position in the elitist hierarchy of academia, she valued her students and the opportunities to combine her teaching with her family life.

Despite the rigors of teaching at a community college, Beth was a prolific writer. In addition to numerous articles on aging, gender, and the family, Beth was the author and editor of many path-breaking books, including Aging and Society (1968), with Matilda White Riley; Aging and Old Age (1980) and Growing Old in America (four editions, 1976-1991), with Elizabeth Markson; Sociology (five editions, 1982-1996), with Elizabeth Markson and Peter Stein; Controversy and Coalition: Three Decades of the Feminist Movement (three editions, 1985, 1994, 2000) and Analyzing Gender (1987), with Myra Marx Ferree; Social Structure and Human Lives (1988), with Matilda White Riley and Bettina Huber; Revisioning Gender (1998), with Myra Marx Ferree and Judith Lorber; and The Essential Sociologist (2001), with Susan Farrell and Peter Stein.

It was always Beth’s style to enlist co-authors and co-editors into her many writing projects, and to work with her was to learn more about sociology and more about effective writing. Beth had no patience with obfuscation and pretension, whether in person or in prose. For her, good writing was a political act: it raised consciousness, made connections between issues, and illuminated the relation between individual life stories and public policies. She was a pioneer in integrating gender into the analysis of aging, and her introductory sociology textbook broke new ground in bringing race, gender, and class out of the ghetto of separate chapters into the overall analysis of all dimensions of society.

Beth Hess held a number of honors including the Presidency of the Association for Humanist Sociology (1986-87), Sociologists for Women in Society (1987-1989), the Eastern Sociological Society (ESS) (1988-89), Society for the Study of Social Problems (SSSP) (1994-95), Secretary of the American Sociological Association (1989-92), and Executive Officer of ESS (1978-1981). She became a Fellow of the Gerontological Society of America (1978) and was Chair of the Behavioral and Social Science Section of the Gerontological Society (1987-88). She was listed in Who’s Who of American Women (1987) and was awarded the SSSP Lee Founders Award in 2000.

The list of honors does not begin to capture the full scope of her contributions to many sociological organizations. She labored in the unsung vineyards of associational maintenance for decades, taking on the Executive Office role at the Eastern Sociological Society in a time of crisis and steering it through, putting her home and her good judgment into the service of Sociologists for Women in Society to plan the launching of Gender & Society and selecting its first editor, and helping many organizations to face their fiscal and structural issues more constructively.

Beth also served as editor and member of the editorial boards of Society/Transaction, Research on Aging, Contemporary Sociology, Gerontology Review, Teaching Sociology, American Sociologist, and Gender & Society. But her editing and reviewing was never limited to such gate-keeping roles. She gave generously of her time and red pencil to help both junior and senior colleagues to sharpen their arguments and get their dissertations and papers finished promptly and with style. At annual meetings of all the many associations to which she belonged, Beth reached out to graduate students and junior faculty and encouraged them to send her drafts to review. Her rewrites were not only tighter and more elegant, but she challenged all the weak spots of an argument. She believed that sociology had something worth saying to the world and cared deeply about getting it said effectively, no matter whose name was on the manuscript in the end. The saying that a person could accomplish great things if one did not care who got the credit was her motto (along with the realistic warning to junior scholars that the reward for service is more service).

Beth’s research and writing reflected a broad-based and humanistic perspective, with an emphasis on contemporary social problems. As she presented her work, we sociologists and thousands of undergraduates who have used her books in their courses have been led to see that these social problems are not those of the elderly, women, and wives, but of the social order that marginalized, exploited, and diminished them. She was a feminist who was committed to thinking about gender as a social construction, a relationship of power, and a structural factor with massive material consequences, and she was a humanist who celebrated the effective agency and life-long potential for change in every individual.

Beth’s husband, Richard Hess, died on December 25, 1986. She is survived by her mother, Yetta Bowman, her son, Larry, her daughter and son-in-law, Emily and Gary Robinson, and three grandchildren.

We had the privilege of working with Beth and we will miss deeply her insights, energy, friendship, cooperation, and support.

Myra Marx Ferree, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Susan Farrell, Kingsborough Community College, City University of New York; Judith Lorber, Brooklyn College and Graduate School, City University of New York-Emerita; Elizabeth Markson, Boston University; Peter Stein, William Paterson University

David Jerome Jackson
(1939–2001)

Dave Jackson of La Plata, New Mexico, passed away October 1, 2001, at the age of 62. A native of West Virginia, David’s first vocational call was to the ministry. He attended McCormick Theological Seminary (Chicago, IL) in the early 1960s and there he received his first professional degree graduating in 1966 with High Distinction in Biblical Studies. He was ordained into the Presbyterian ministry, but soon thereafter he received a second call—this time to sociology. He attended the University of Wisconsin from 1966 to 1971, where he majored in social psychology and worked with Elaine Walster (now Hatfield) and Edgar Borgatta, among others. His PhD was in sociology, with a minor in mathematical statistics. His first teaching posts in sociology were at SUNY-Albany and the University of Maryland-Baltimore County, but the largest portion of his career—from 1976 to 1985—was spent on the professional staff of the Mental Health Studies Center at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) in Maryland. Following his time at NIMH, David was on the faculty of the University of Miami. In 1996 he joined a team of researchers in the Program on Disability and Health at the New Mexico Department of Health, where he worked until his retirement. So influential was his work on disabilities research that his colleagues there have created an annual David J. Jackson Distinguished Research Award, which recognizes outstanding disability-related research.

David was a courageous person. He understood who he was and he was willing to take major risks to follow his dreams. The breadth of his intellectual interests and concerns were amazing, and he was never afraid to follow his curiosity wherever it might lead. His scholarship was unquestionably of the highest quality, and he made a number of important contributions on the application of multivariate statistical models to the understanding of human behavior. Although he was a person of great intellect and scholarly achievement, more than anything, we remember the remarkable degree of humility and intellectual honesty with which David approached his scientific work. Those who had the pleasure of collaborating with him know that he was not easily satisfied. He wanted to address fundamental scientific issues and had little patience for trivial problems and easy answers.

David was survived by two loving families. He was the beloved husband of Sally Suter; father to two sons, Andy and Michael; and brother to Larry, Alice, and Judy. David was joyful that he was able to be with his sons just a few weeks before his death. He was loved and embraced by Sally’s extended family, especially her children, Tammy and Tatum. David and Sally were only two weeks from their second wedding anniversary. Although they found each other late in life, they had been finding each other for all time.

David was a gentle, genuine person. Despite his great intellectual depth, his humanistic interests were real and compelling. He loved music, art, and theatre nearly as much as his work as a scientist. During the last decade of his life, he worked toward becoming an independent, professional artist. He loved light and color, loved to express beauty through his art, loved to use his exquisite mind, and most of all, loved God.

We admired Dave very much as a person, colleague, and scholar. We knew him well—at different times and places—and we found in him the meaning of true unfailing friendship. We miss him very much.

Charles Longino, Wake Forest University; Duane Alwin, Pennsylvania State University

Sheldon L. Messinger
(1925–2003)

Sheldon L. Messinger, a well-loved and much-admired sociologist and former Dean of the School of Criminology, University of California-Berkeley, died of leukemia on March 6, 2003.

Messinger was born in Chicago, married early, saw military service during World War II, taught sociology briefly at Princeton, then went to UCLA, where he received his undergraduate and graduate degrees. His acquaintance with Gresham Sykes at Princeton, and Donald R. Cressey at UCLA focused his attention on criminology and, more specifically, on the sociology of corrections. In 1956-57 Messinger was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford. He then joined an interdisciplinary group studying the families of women hospitalized for mental illness. They were the “crazy ladies” Messinger fondly remembered and often mentioned.

Anticipating the work of Erving Goffman, Messinger saw a close connection between mental hospitals, prisons, and other “total institutions.” He was a great admirer of Goffman’s writings (and of Foucault’s) but he was more measured in his judgment and more ready to examine empirical variation. Thus in an essay on “Life as Theater: Some Notes on the Dramaturgic Approach to Social Reality (Sociometry, March 1962), Messinger offered some criticism of the “dramaturgic” perspective, drawing on findings from the mental-illness study. He did not question the reality or importance of “performance” in social interaction, but he noted that the patients his group studied were keen to distinguish their “presented” or “projected” selves from their “real” or “natural” selves. This argument welcomes fresh insights and perspectives; but it also looks to empirical research for knowledge of contexts and limitations.

Messinger came to Berkeley in 1961 to help me found the Center for the Study of Law and Society. This was a good move, for him, for me, for the Center, and for the University. Vice-Chairman of the Center from 1961-1970, he was a mainstay of the enterprise. In 1970 he became professor and Dean of the School of Criminology. After the School of Criminology closed in 1977, Messinger became professor of law in the Jurisprudence and Social Policy program, and was Chair of the program from 1984-1987, contributing greatly to the work of faculty and students. Endowed with abundant gifts of patience, tact, and intellectual imagination, Messinger had a unique ability to help people make sense of their tentative insights and vague ideas, often suggesting lines of thought they took to be their own. It has been said of Messinger that, for him, “every student is a colleague, and every colleague is a student.” He brought warmth, wit, and humanity to the task of creating a research community. He knew what it meant to combine teaching with friendship, guidance with respect.

His own work focused mainly on deviance, social control, and the California system of prisons, probation, and parole. One important study was published as C-Unit: Search for Community in Prison (Studt, Messinger, and Wilson, Russell Sage Foundation, 1968), which told the story of an experimental program, combining research and action, in a prison for youthful offenders. A key finding was the importance of creating a cohesive “inmate-staff” community.

In his study of corrections, Messinger was imaginative and consistent in bringing to bear a sociological “systems” perspective; and his work was recognized in many ways by his colleagues in criminology. For example, in 1981 he received an award for “outstanding contributions to the field of criminology” from the Western Society of Criminology. In 1995 a volume of essays in his honor was published as Punishment and Social Control, edited by Thomas G. Blomberg and Stanley Cohen.

Messinger was irreverent, outspoken, and skeptical of received doctrine and established authority. But these rough edges barely hid a deep appreciation for the worth of all frail humans, including those who had run afoul of the law.

Philip Selznick, Professor Emeritus of Law and Sociology, Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program, School of Law, University of California-Berkeley

Alan S. Miller
(1956–2003)

Alan S. Miller, professor in the Department of Behavioral Science at Hokkaido University in Sapporo, Japan, died on January 27, 2003, of complications arising from Hodgkin’s Disease. He is survived by his wife Miyoko; sons Tadashi and Tadato; and daughter Mina. He also leaves his parents, two brothers, and many friends in both Japan and the United States.

Alan was born and raised in Los Angeles. He earned a BA from UCLA, an MA from California State University-Dominguez Hills, and a PhD from the University of Washington in 1991. He was Assistant Professor of Sociology at University of North Carolina-Charlotte, 1991-93; Assistant Professor of Sociology at Florida State University, 1993-96; Assistant Professor in the Department of Behavioral Science at Hokkaido University, 1996-1999; and Professor in the Department of Behavioral Science at Hokkaido University from 1999 until his death.

In his short career, Alan published more than 20 articles, most first- or sole-authored, including a 2002 article co-authored with Rodney Stark in the American Journal of Sociology, and a 2001 book coauthored with Satoshi Kanazawa, Order by Accident: The Origins and Consequences of Conformity in Contemporary Japan. His work falls roughly into four areas, religious beliefs and behavior, social and political attitudes, medical social psychology, and Japanese society. His most extensive body of work concerns religious behavior, and is informed by comparisons between the United States and Japan.

Alan was funny, entertaining, considerate, and generally delightful as a colleague and friend. He developed friendships with colleagues, neighbors, and a large number of accidental acquaintances throughout the United States and Japan. I suspect that without exception, every person who ever met Alan liked him immediately. His close friendships even extended to colleagues who knew him only through email. Parents of his children’s classmates at their Japanese school quickly accepted him, and indeed pressed Alan’s special social skills into service. For example, through his children and their classmates and families Alan introduced many people in Sapporo Japan to American pastimes such as Halloween trick-or-treating!

Despite his talent for getting along with people socially, Alan was not afraid of controversy in his work. In his most cited article, published in 1995 in the Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion with co-author John Hoffman, Alan argues that the relationship between gender and religiosity is due to the relationship between gender and risk preference, suggesting that men are more willing to take a chance on Pascal’s wager than women. In his 2002 article with Stark, they return to that relationship and show that cross-cultural evidence weighs against the gender and risk preference correlation being due to socialization. In the last several years Alan became convinced that sociology and sociological explanations needed to include an evolutionary, genetic component. Alan’s last scholarly paper, published in Social Psychology Quarterly in 2003, was a challenge to the standard survey measure of generalized trust. This measure is widely used, especially in cross-cultural studies, but Alan contended it measures something else entirely, namely, caution. This calls into question conclusions of other studies using this measure.

Alan used his deep acquaintance with Japan, and with other places as well (he also lived for a time in Taiwan), to develop important insights into aspects of both Japanese and American society and culture. The approach he took in his 2001 book on Japan was that many of the differences between Japan and the United States in macrosociological outcomes, such as in religiosity and crime rates, are due to differences in social organization, rather than to more nebulous cultural differences. For example, the United States is an exceptionally religious society while Japan is an exceptionally secular society. Alan argued that this was in part because Japanese companies provided many of the social services that American religious organizations did, such as in socialization of children.

Although Alan was hospitalized and gravely ill during the last several months of his life, he continued to work until just a few months before his death. In October 2002, he turned to a bit of fun, which turned out to be the last work he did. It was a book, written in just four weeks: The Old Testament According to the Three Stooges. He described it to me as, “A combination of Dave Barry and Dennis Miller with a good helping of hallucinogenic drugs thrown in.” In fact, it actually was quintessential Alan. A great many people miss him very much.

Joseph M. Whitmeyer, University of North Carolina-Charlotte

J. L. Simmons
(1933–2003)

J. L. Simmons died of massive circulatory disease on April 1, 2003, in St. Louis, Missouri, at age 69. Those who knew Jerry personally will recognize that he would be excited to experience firsthand that life-death transition that so long piqued his curiosity, yet would be most amused that it should culminate on April Fools’ Day.

His life-journey began in Sioux City, Iowa, on August 16, 1933. Orphaned at an early age in Bloomfield, Nebraska, and largely blinded by congenital cataracts, Jerry was raised by relatives in Le Mars, Iowa. The marginality of his youth soon bore sociological fruit at the University of Iowa, where he quickly earned BA and PhD degrees as a student of social psychology and methodology under his mentors Manford H. Kuhn and David Gold.

It was there that Jerry and I, against all odds, forged our deep friendship and unique collaboration, pioneering role-identity theory in our 1966 book, Identities and Interactions, and in its subsequent revised and/or translated editions. That book, brought to fruition at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, afforded two highly different individuals a rare opportunity to achieve a true jointness of thought and expression, a highwater mark of genuinely collaborative sociology. In the process, we developed an exquisite knowledge of each other’s self-concept and were hence able to provide each other, as friends, an unmatched richness of role-support.

And a complex character he was—a student of old-fashioned ethnographies, the varieties of psychoanalytic thought, mythologies of every land, exotic religious traditions, and weaponry ancient and modern. But closer to his core were poetry, old songs of every kind, Westerns, science fiction, and really good eating. On a daily basis each of these would be somehow worked into the fabric of his everyday conduct. His blindness produced characteristic and amusing errors in written expression, and in a semi-studied way he extended those to oral pronunciations as well. This often-concealed craftiness enabled him to make a good student living by skinning better-off undergraduates in games of poker, and by passing the hat after rendering a few yodeling songs in Iowa City taverns. Unable to drive, Jerry walked a lot, and as a young man used to swim great distances up and down the Iowa River.

While still at Urbana, Simmons and I also pursued our fascination with field studies (triggered by our early training under Albert J. Reiss, Jr.) to tease out from foundational pieces by others what we took to be the underlying logic of fieldwork, in our 1968 book, Issues in Participant Observation: A Text-Reader.

But it was Jerry’s theoretical insights into the nature of deviance that really propelled his migration to the West Coast, first at the University of California-Santa Barbara and later at UC-Davis. His subsequent books Deviants and It’s Happening (with Barry Winograd), together with his extensive national television appearances, consolidated his fame in that substantive area and he became renowned as a charismatic lecturer. Paradoxically, it was that high visibility that rendered Jerry such a mysterious character to many sociological colleagues. He took great pride in his lifelong membership in “the fringe,” and his own involvements in the socially murky waters of deviant cultures would remove him from sociological view for years at a time.

Much later, I was fortunate to persuade Jerry to give the academy, and the Midwest, another chance by joining me at the University of Missouri-St. Louis in 1985. Here, he enlightened our undergraduate students and we resumed our easy collaboration, writing Social Psychology: A Sociological Perspective and Social Research: The Craft of Finding Out.

Upon his retirement from UMSL, Jerry turned his sociological insights to the field of trade books. Alone he authored a pair of books on new-age religion (The Emerging New Age and Future Lives: A Fearless Guide to Our Transition Times), following up on some of his own involvements in deviant enterprises. Turning next to the problem of crime, he and I wrote 76 Ways to Protect Your Child from Crime, a well-respected tome subsequently translated into German and Russian. In what turned out to be his final published book, Simmons alone authored the companion volume 67 Ways to Protect Seniors from Crime.

His final years evolved, surprisingly, into a sustained involvement in computer applications with his wife of 46 years, Nola, and their two sons, Christopher and David.

The passing of this colorful and complicated man leaves all our lives, and the field of sociology, ever so much the poorer. We will miss you, Big Guy.

George J. McCall, University of Missouri-St. Louis

Marcello Truzzi
(1935–2003)

The profession of sociology has always attracted unusual and unusually gifted people. To those who knew him well and to the many throughout the world who knew him through his work, Marcello Truzzi was clearly such a person. His death on February 2, 2003, after a prolonged bout with colon cancer, marked the end of a remarkable career as teacher, research scholar, and sociological practitioner. He will be greatly missed by family, friends, and colleagues.

Truzzi was born on September 6, 1935, in Copenhagen, Denmark, into family of famous circus performers. In 1944, he moved with his family to the United States, where his father, Massimiliano, a renowned juggler, had been offered a job with the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus.

Marcello served in the U.S. Army between 1958 and 1960 and became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1961. His BA and MA are from Florida State University and the University of Florida, respectively. He received his PhD from Cornell University in 1970. Truzzi taught at the University of Michigan, the New College in Sarasota, Florida, and, between 1974 and the time of his death, he served as Professor and (1974-85) Head of the Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminology at Eastern Michigan University.

Truzzi was a prolific author and editor, with scores of articles and chapters and dozens of books and anthologies to his credit. The scope of his intellectual curiosity was boundless. His interests included folk music (he had worked as a professional singer and had a beautiful tenor voice), extraterrestrial claims, the culinary interests of witches, life in the circus, and—his most enduring concern—the uses and abuses of skepticism in science.

It was in the last named of these fields that Truzzi had the greatest public impact. He was founder of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims for the Paranormal and the Center for Scientific Anomalies Research. Through this work, he established professional and personal relationships with some of the best-known psychics and their critics, including Uri Gellar and Martin Gardiner. His main concern in this area was with what he termed “pseudoskepticism.” Characterizing himself as a classic positivist, Truzzi believed that those who seek to debunk paranormal claims and “weird science”—such as cold fusion—are often very careless about the kinds of evidence they bring to bear (or fail to use) to support their arguments. Because, he believed, most academic scholars have a vested interest in dismissing out of hand telepathy, clairvoyance, and the like, they are willing to apply a standard of proof to the assertions of the critics that is much lower than what they would tolerate in their own line of research. He, too, was a skeptic in these matters, but believed that many so-called disproofs of the paranormal are spurious.

Among Truzzi’s best-known works are the collections Sociology and Every Day Life and Verstehen: Subjective Understanding in the Social Sciences. Many sociologists will also remember his often-hilarious Subterranean Sociological Newsletter. His last published book, Blue Sense: Psychic Detectives and Crime (with Arthur Lyons) is a study of the use of psychics by law enforcement agencies. He left behind a private library of some 10,000 volumes, an unfinished intellectual autobiography, and numerous unpublished works.

Truzzi is survived by his mother Sonya—who also had performed in Circus Truzzi; Pat, his wife of 44 years; his sons Kristofer and Gianni; and Gianni’s daughter.

Jay Weinstein, Eastern Michigan University

Official Reports and Proceedings

Minutes of the Second Meeting of the 2002-2003 ASA Council
Radisson Barcelo Hotel
Washington, DC
February 1-2, 2003

Council Members Present: Elijah Anderson (Immediate Past Vice President), William T. Bielby (President), Michael Burawoy (President-Elect), Esther Chow (At Large), Robert Crutchfield (At Large), Jennifer Glass (At Large), David Grusky (At Large), Arne Kalleberg (Secretary), Deborah King (At Large), Rhonda Levine (At Large), Victor Nee (At Large), Bernice Pescosolido (Vice President-Elect), Barbara Reskin (Immediate Past President), Barbara Risman (At Large), Lynn Smith-Lovin (At Large), Ivan Szelnyi (Vice President), Pam Walters (At Large).
Council Members Absent: Linda Burton, Craig Calhoun.
Staff Present: Janet Astner, Les Briggs, Kevin Brown, Karen Edwards, Kareem Jenkins, Lee Herring, Sally Hillsman, Carla Howery, Michael Murphy, Jean Shin, Roberta Spalter-Roth.

1. Call to Order

President William Bielby called the meeting to order at 9:10 am on Saturday, February 1, 2003 at the Radisson Barcelo Hotel in Washington, DC.

Grutter v. Bollinger
Members of Council met informally the evening prior to the start of the meeting (Friday, January 31) for a discussion of the ASA amicus brief in the case of Grutter v. Bollinger. No actions were taken during the Friday evening session. On Sunday morning, however, Council took the following action in follow-up to their discussion on Friday evening.

    Having seen and discussed the current draft of the amicus brief, and understanding the timing constraints in filing the brief with the U.S. Supreme Court, Council voted unanimously to authorize the amicus sub-committee (composed of the President, President-Elect, Immediate Past President, and Secretary) to approve the final draft with the understanding that updated drafts will be sent to Council members.

B. Approval of Agenda
The agenda and background materials for the meeting were distributed approximately two weeks prior to the meeting. President Bielby reported that there was one new item to be added to the agenda under New Business (a proposal to create a task force to review ASA area of interest codes).

    Council voted unanimously to accept the agenda as modified to include the additional item under New Business.

C. Minutes of August 20, 2002 Council Meeting
Minutes of the August 20, 2002 meeting of Council were circulated with other meeting materials approximately two weeks prior to the meeting. President Bielby asked if there were any corrections, additions or deletions to the draft minutes. Hearing none,

    Council voted unanimously to approve the Minutes of the August 20, 2002 Council meeting.

2. Report of the President

A. Overview of Year
President Bielby reported that he was very much enjoying his term as President of the American Sociological Association. The 2003 Program Committee is hard at work structuring the upcoming Annual Meeting. The meeting is coming together well and should include a large number of sessions and activities of interest to attendees. Bielby reported the he and the other officers were very pleased with the Executive Office under the direction of Sally Hillsman.

B. Appointment of Liaisons to Other Organizations
In follow-up to an item introduced during the August meeting, Bielby reported that he had received and followed-up on suggestions for appointments of ASA members to serve as liaisons to other organizations. He proposed the following additional appointments: Cecilia Ridgeway as liaison to AAAS Section K (Social, Economic and Political Sciences), Karl Ulrich Mayer as liaison to the AAAS International Section, Barbara Schneider as the ASA liaison to AAAS Section Q (Education), Paul Roman to the Decade of Behavior, and Charles Hirschman to COPFAS.

    Council voted to approve the proposed liaison appointments of President Bielby to outside organizations.

3. Report of the President-Elect

President-Elect Michael Burawoy announced that he and his program committee would be proposing to the Awards Committee a new award for the promotion of sociology in the media. In 1995, at the suggestion of Herb Gans, ASA introduced a new award for the Public Understanding of Sociology to be given to a sociologist who has been especially active and effective in disseminating sociological ideas to a wider audience. Burawoy will be proposing a new award to honor journalists (not professional sociologists who are covered by the Public Understanding award) for outstanding reporting of sociological findings and otherwise encouraging a better understanding of sociology. The Committee on Awards will review this proposal at their next meeting in August. If the Committee on Awards accepts the proposal, it will be forwarded to the Council meeting at the end of the Annual Meeting in August for consideration and action.

4. Report of the Secretary

Secretary Arne Kalleberg reported that the state of the Association is strong. He noted that the transition in senior staff leadership had gone seamlessly, and thanked Felice Levine for her commitment to making the transition smooth. He reported that he and the other officers found it a real pleasure to work with the staff of the Executive Office.

A. Review of 2002 Membership
The 2002 membership year ended with a final count of 12,666 members, which was an increase of 298 members over the 2001 end of year total of 12,368 (2.41% increase). In 2002, the association saw growth in the regular, student, and emeritus categories, which offset losses in the associate category. This was the first time in four years that membership has not decreased.
Prior year member renewal rates, however, are significantly below that of recent years. Of the 12,368 members in 2001, 77.7% renewed their membership for 2002, which is significantly below the 2001 retention rate of 82.48%. The non-renewal rate for 2001 members who were not journal subscribers was substantially responsible for this difference, reflecting an expected impact of the decoupling of dues and journal subscriptions in 2002. While the number of non-renewers was therefore high in 2002, it was offset by the return of lapsed members and the addition of new members.
The Executive Office is launching a major proactive membership outreach program in 2003. Part of that effort will involve learning more about who the non-renewing people are, which will strengthen our outreach efforts and our ability to craft services to keep them involved and committed to the association.

B. Review of 2002 Section Membership
Section memberships at the end of 2002 were 19,855, the highest section membership count ever achieved. The 2002 count was 1,078 memberships higher than the 2001 count of 18,777 (5.74% increase). These 19,855 section memberships were held by 8,333 members, which means that 65.8% of ASA members hold one or more section memberships; members who participated in sections held, on average, 2.38 section memberships.
Several sections have experienced very positive membership trends in recent years, including Teaching and Learning, which increased 19.79% from 2001 to 2002, Alcohol and Drugs, which increased 15.71% from 2001 to 2002, and Economic Sociology, which increased 15.03% from 2001 to 2002.
That the same time, however, several sections are in trouble numerically. At the end of 2002, ten sections fell below the 300-member minimum required of all sections. Three of those sections experienced a dramatic decline from 2001 to 2002, including History of Sociology (15.9%), Rationality (14%), and Computers (26%). Council asked the Committee on Sections to monitor this situation and return to Council with any follow-up recommendations.

C. ASA Travel Policy
Airline policies regarding travel cancellation and change have changed considerably over the last year, with the airlines making it more difficult to change tickets without incurring additional costs and to obtain refunds for unused tickets. ASA has previously operated a centralized booking system with ASA purchasing travel tickets for members attending committee, task force or related ASA meetings. Kalleberg reported that with the recent airline policy changes it now appears reasonable to consider changing the travel policy to have individuals purchase their own tickets and seek ASA reimbursement within pre-set guidelines.
Janet Astner presented a written proposal for modifying the ASA Travel Policy that should alleviate some of the pressure on Association funds from cancellations. Council members asked detailed questions about the current practice versus the proposed policy noting that there are pros and cons to both. Astner assured members that the Executive Office is highly sensitive to the fact that members coming to meetings are volunteers, and that the Office would consider exceptions to the policy guidelines on a case-by-case basis to assure that no one was unfairly penalized for situations beyond their control.

    Council voted to adopt on a trial basis for one year (1) the proposed travel policy change to self-booking travel arrangements for ASA meetings in 2003, and (2) the proposed “Travel Policies for Self-Booking” with the understanding that maximum costs by region will be reviewed periodically and adjusted if necessary for specific meetings. (16 in favor, 2 opposed)

D. Free Section Membership for Students
Currently students pay a discounted rate of $5 to purchase a membership in a section. A suggestion was made at the Council meeting on August 20, 2002, that we should consider providing one free section membership for all new student members to encourage student participation in sections. Executive Office staff performed an analysis that examined revenue impact, costs to the Association to “re-tool” membership systems to accommodate this change, benefits of offering free memberships, and alternative approaches. In the end it appeared that the costs of this proposal were not matched by the outcomes that could be realized and an emphasis on alternatives was more effective.
Rather than enact a new policy, it was agreed that a more effective approach would be to help sections strengthen their own recruitment and retention efforts by reviewing what sections are doing and publicizing the best of those efforts as models for other sections, and for the Executive Office to consider discounts for selected ASA publications for new student members.

    Council voted to not offer free section memberships to new student members.

5. Report of the Executive Officer

Executive Officer Sally T. Hillsman presented a report on operations and activities of the Executive Office.

A. Overview of the Year
Hillsman echoed Secretary Kalleberg’s comments earlier that the transition had proceeded smoothly. She thanked the officers and other Council members for their support and assistance over the last nine months.

B. Executive Office Staffing Realignment
Several changes have been made in Executive Office staffing to realign staff in more functional ways. Karen Edwards will now serve as Director of Publications and Membership, which will allow greater coordination of marketing efforts. Janet Astner will now serve as Director of Meetings Services and Operations, which will provide experienced oversight of Executive Office operations.
To relieve more senior staff of some tasks allowing them more time for their new responsibilities, two new middle level management positions have been created, a Meetings Coordinator and a Production Manager. In addition, a Customer Service Manager has been hired to manage member contact, fulfillment of orders, and response to questions. These two moves will free senior staff from some day-to-day administrative details and will allow them more time for executive level planning, development of outreach efforts, and re-engineering of business practices.
Recently a Research Associate has been added to the Executive Office replacing the former Post Doctoral research position. This person is a more experienced researcher who will be an asset to the department. In the Governance area a full time assistant will soon be appointed. This will allow the Director of ASA’s Governance activities to also take on the responsibility of ASA Archivist, continuing the work with Penn State to ensure the careful preservation of the Association’s historical records.

C. Contexts
When Contexts was launched in 2002, it was started with great expectations but also great risk – publishing ventures are among the more risky and costly business ventures. Contexts has exceeded expectations in response, subscriptions, and cost effectiveness. The Executive Office recently learned that Contexts has been named the best journal in the social sciences by the Association of American Publishers’ Professional and Scholarly Division annual awards competition. An award ceremony will be held next week in Washington, DC.

D. Member Contributions and Donations
Although there has not been a concerted effort in recent years to attract member contributions, 644 members made 907 contributions to six different ASA special funds in 2002. Contributions totaling $21,205 went to the American Sociological Fund ($4,201), Congressional Fellowship Fund ($546), Fund for the Advancement of the Discipline ($2,273), Minority Fellowship Program ($11,895), Soft Currency Fund ($739), and Teaching Enhancement Fund ($1,551). These funds are critical to supporting MFP fellows, providing matching funds for ASA programs, and assisting members from outside the U.S.

E. Human Subjects of Research Update
Council received a written update on Human Research Protection from former Executive Office Felice Levine. Until last August, when the Bush Administration allowed it to expire, Levine had served as a member of the National Human Research Protections Advisory Committee (NHRPAC). A NHRPAC sub-committee on behavioral and the social sciences, however, will continue to function with funding from HHS. That sub-committee will provide resources for a training workshop in the spring, which will bring together people from IRBs that are friendly to the social sciences in an effort to start developing standards and best practices outlines to help universities deal with IRBs and social science issues. The sub-committee has no official standing, so its effectiveness will be based on the quality of work it produces.
Social and behavioral scientists will continue to have a voice in other arenas through the Association for the Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs (AAHRPP), which is continuing to work with research institutions on a voluntary basis to improve the IRB oversight system. Members of Council requested more information on AAHRPP and their activities, noting that this is a big issue for members since many universities require all research to be reviewed by IRBs.
The issue of a Researcher’s Bill of Rights was raised at the Business Meeting last August and was discussed by Council later that day. Members asked if recent developments in this arena had been shared with the member who raised the issue in August. Hillsman reported that she had spoken with the member to update him on Council’s actions on this issue.

6. Information Technology

Director of Information Technology and Services, Kevin Brown, provided Council with update on ASA’s information technology abilities and plans.

A. Change in Approach to Systems
In many ways, ASA has been ahead of the technology curve in the early 1990’s by developing and using new technology before other Associations have. Many vendors are now offering systems and services similar to those ASA created in earlier years. ASA is beginning to make the move to utilizing existing services rather than developing and maintaining its own systems. For example, ASA is utilizing the services of All Academic for paper submission session organizing, and abstract services for the 2003 Annual Meeting, a process that was previously handed with a “home grown” system.
The Executive Office is working with new and existing vendors to move them to a more formal relationship with detailed contracts, expectations, and deliverables. For some time ASA has utilizing a powerful document management system to centralize documents and make them available to all users. The ASA system, however, is several versions behind the currently available software. ASA will be upgrading to the newer software sometime in 2003. In addition, upgrades to the Microsoft Office suite of software will be rolled out to users during 2003.

B. Long-Range Planning
Executive Officer Hillsman added that she has asked Brown for a long-range development plan in the technology area. Technology is very important to the association providing efficient and online services to our members who are very techno-savvy, so it is vitally important that the association remain up-to-date within the limited resources available.

C. Web Users Group
In response to a request from Council, in November 2002, a web users group was created in November. Eleven ASA members with different backgrounds and levels of expertise were recruited to participate; the group met initially by conference call in mid-November. The goal of the group is to provide feedback regarding the ASA web site. The users group will focus on such items as online services, functionality, web content, and the look and “feel” of the site. As their first task, members of the users group tested and provided feedback on the 2003 online membership renewal process. The group will test other applications as they become available (e.g., electronic elections).

7. Annual Meeting

Janet Astner, Director of Meeting Services and Operations, provided Council with a report on the 2002 Annual Meeting as well as issues related to future meetings.

A. Security Issues at 2002 Meeting
Following the 2002 Annual Meeting in Chicago, the Executive Office learned by way of a listserv of some pickpocket incidents and theft of personal items that occurred during the meeting. The Office investigated those situations and reviewed with the hotel why there was a breakdown in reporting those incidences to the Association during the meeting. Meeting Services staff have also met at length about security issues with the Atlanta hotels, the Atlanta police, and business area security personnel in preparation for the 2003 Annual Meeting. Astner reported that the security arrangements appear very satisfactory both in the hotels and the surrounding neighborhoods.
Council noted while security is always a concern at meetings, hotels are public spaces with meeting as well as non-meeting people in the crowds. Council agreed ASA should to circulate to all meeting attendees a safety pamphlet for each city in which ASA meets in an effort to increase attendees’ consciousness about personal security.

B. Site Selection for 2006 Annual Meeting
An extensive written report on site selection for future annual meetings was provided to Council members. This report outlined existing association policy on site selection, an historical summary of meeting locations and participation, and a review of options available for the 2006 meeting.
Council reviewed the pros and cons of several possible hosts for the 2006 Annual Meeting, including Dallas, Toronto, Nashville, Kansas City, New Orleans, New York City, and Boston. Council discussed the various factors involved, including which city would be the most popular with members, cost of hotel rooms, availability and accessibility of meeting space, date options, ease of airline access, climate, among others. Following an extensive discussion,

    Council voted to approve New York City as the first choice for the 2006 ASA Annual Meeting, with Boston as the second choice.
ASA has met in New York City five times in the past thirty years: 1973, 1976, 1980, 1986, and 1996. Proposed rates for the New York location are extremely reasonable.

C. Site Selection for 2007 Annual Meeting
Council reviewed several possible cities as hosts for the 2007 Annual Meeting, including San Francisco, Seattle, and Montreal. San Francisco is a perennial favorite of ASA members and convention attendees in general. ASA has met in San Francisco once or twice each decade since the 1960s, each time with great success. The 1989 meeting in San Francisco boasted the second highest attendance of any meeting in 1970s and 1980s. The 1998 meeting in San Francisco set the overall record for largest attendance at any ASA Annual Meeting, a record that has yet to be broken.

    Council voted to approve San Francisco as the first choice for the 2007 ASA Annual Meeting, with Seattle as the second choice.

D. Amended Guidelines for Future Annual Meeting Site Selection
For the past three decades ASA has considered geographic parameters when selecting sites for the Annual Meeting. The continental United States was divided into four sections (Northeast, South/Southwest, Central/North Central, and West). ASA meetings from 1980 to 1993 have rotated systematically through these four regions. Council later added two other factors that have affected this rotation: (1) that a site in Canada is selected once each decade, and (2) that ASA meet in DC every five years.
In 1994 Council modified the geographic rotation to a three-year pattern, which divided the United States into three regions: East, Central, and West. Site selections for 1997 through 2004 have followed this pattern. Council reviewed the current guidelines for site selection and agreed to modify that guideline to make the three-year geographic rotation pattern an advisory factor rather than mandatory for future site selection.

    Council voted to amend current Annual Meeting site selection policy to make geographical rotation advisory in conjunction with other factors in selecting future Annual Meeting locations.

E. Technical Support for Presentations at the Annual Meeting
Recent Annual Meetings have witnessed dramatic increases in the cost of audio-visual services for program sessions. Meeting Services is seeing an increasing demand for LCD projectors for electronic presentations (e.g., PowerPoint presentations). Such equipment, while popular, is not cheap. In Chicago, for example, costs averaged about $400 per projector for rental of LCD data projectors. Astner reported that all academic societies are facing the same problem, but none have found successful strategies to contain costs; concern about this issue is shared across the meeting services industry.
Less than a decade ago the meeting was heavily oriented toward overhead projectors, but in 2002 there were requests for 19 LCD projectors as well as 44 overhead projectors. In 2002 AV expenses totaled $117,137, the highest cost ever experienced at an annual meeting.
Council discussed this issue with an eye toward possible alternatives. Although unit costs may drop over time, right now total costs are increasing. There was agreement that younger colleagues especially do not think in terms of overheads, having relied primarily on PowerPoint for presentations. There was a suggestion that the ASA purchase a number of projectors to use at meetings, but it was agreed that with the pace of technology advancement, those assets would be outdated after just one meeting.
Council considered assessing a charge to attendees for the use of such equipment. It was agreed, however, that they did not want to do anything to stifle lively and innovative presentations even though most Power Point presentations are merely an electronic version of overhead transparencies. Secretary Kalleberg reported that EOB has taken the first step by increasing the budget for audio-visual expenses at the annual meeting to match the trend of equipment usage. In addition, EOB will work with the Executive Office to track this issue, determine trends, and consider alternatives (such as increasing registration fees or adding an equipment usage charge). Several Council members proposed providing members with a sense of the cost of supporting the meeting by running an article in Footnotes with sample fees ASA pays to facilitate their sessions and presentations.

8. ASA Investments and Reserves

Secretary Kalleberg provided an extensive written report on ASA’s long-term investments.

A. ASA Investments
The U.S. and international stock markets have not done well over the last three years. Consequently, stock funds are down from where they were three or more years ago. ASA is no exception. The six funds that ASA owns had a total value of $6.1 million at the end of 2002. The ASA has a balanced approach to investing (e.g., each fund has a target allocation between stocks, bonds, and cash based on the fund’s purpose).
In 2002, ASA investments declined 10.5% in value from a year earlier. Kalleberg reported that EOB discussed ASA’s relationship with Fiduciary, ASA’s financial advisor, but agreed that this was not a good time to make a major change in course. Stock markets have historically seen both increases and decreases, increasing on average over the long-term. The early 1990’s were a time of great growth in markets, but the late 1990’s and early years of the new decade have been a time of decline. Since their inception, all ASA funds have grown on average 8-10%, including recent losses. Council agreed with EOB to stay the course and make no significant change in investments at this time.

B. Review of Rose Fund Performance and Income Projections
The Rose Fund has had substantial income demands placed upon it in the last two years, due to the launching Contexts in 2002. ASA’s financial adviser has notified ASA that with the current balance and allocation of funds, the fund is at risk of not being able to meet cash demands at the end of the seven-year period Council committed to Contexts. Currently the fund has 43% of its funds in stocks. The financial adviser recommended increasing the stock portion of the fund to 55% because bonds will no longer provide the high rates of return they have been experiencing in the past two years. Additional investments in stocks could provide greater fund value if the market increases in 2003.
Members of Council considered the financial adviser’s recommendation but expressed reservations about the riskiness of the move. EOB will continue to work with Fiduciary on the investment allocation for this fund during 2003. Since its inception, the Rose Fund investments have returned 9.76% annually on average. Council agreed that if the Rose Fund were not able to produce enough income to support the Rose series as well as Contexts, the Association would have to seek other assets to support Contexts, leaving the Rose Fund to support the Rose series. Earlier Council action called for an EOB and Council review of Contexts in 2004. Investment performance might change in that time frame, but Council agreed that since Contexts had not even been in production for one year yet, it was hard to determine trends and make any projections.

9. Journal Publications

Arne Kalleberg briefed members of Council on the status of ASA publications.

A. Journal Subscriptions
Institutional subscriptions are a major revenue source for the ASA. In 2002, ASA experienced a 3.2% decline in institutional subscriptions. While the decrease causes concern, it is lower than the 5-10% decrease reported by other associations and scholarly publishers, and lower than the decrease experienced from 2000 to 2001. Kalleberg noted that the problem is not a decline in the number of institutions purchasing subscriptions to ASA journals, but is instead a decline in the number of copies those institutions are purchasing.
Non-member subscriptions declined approximately 33% in 2002 from 461 to 334, but given the small base this issue is of less concern. Also, EOB believes that it is possible that some of this decline may be attributable to non-members becoming members in 2002.
Overall, the 12,666 ASA members purchased a total of 18,341 subscriptions in 2002, or an average of 1.448 journals per member. American Sociological Review experienced a 100-subscription decline in 2002, and Contemporary Sociology experienced a 327-subscription decline in 2002. The other journals all experienced an increase in subscriptions – Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Social Psychology Quarterly, Sociological Methodology, Sociological Theory, Sociology of Education, Teaching Sociology, and Contexts, which experienced a first year subscription purchase greater than projected.

B. Proposal for Online Journal Publications
Members of Council were in general agreement that ASA journals needed to be available online. Three primary options for achieving this goal were discussed: moving the six ASA self-published journals online ourselves, turning the six journals into externally published journals in order to piggyback on the capabilities of a commercial publisher such as Blackwell, or to include ASA journals in an existing quality program of online journals. The third option was selected as the option that could achieve the goals of providing online access to ASA journals and the broadest access to their content for online search, while at the same time being the least risky financially for the Association.
Following a survey of the options available for online journal vendors, a proposal was obtained from Ingenta. Ingenta currently works with more than 200 clients, hosting or linking to over 5,500 academic journals with more than 12 million articles annually. Among the clients of Ingenta are Blackwell and the University of California Press. This move will bring the content of all ASA journals online in the same searchable database. Costs for the first year with Ingenta are a flat fee of $36,000, with subsequent years costing $22,000. Karen Edwards reported that the plan was to absorb this cost through small increases in institution and non-member subscription rates rather than passing the cost on to ASA member subscribers. This proposal would provide all subscribers with print as well as online access to the journals.
While the proposal was not without risk, there was overwhelming agreement by Council that the time was upon us for ASA journals to move online. Council agreed that there was strong intellectual rationale for making the move in addition to the financial considerations.

    Council voted unanimously to (1) proceed with a contract with Ingenta for online journals beginning in 2004; (2) approve inclusion of online access with the purchase of all print subscriptions; (3) approve the enhanced online/print product at no additional cost to ASA members; and (4) approve the modest increases in non-member individual ($10 increase per subscription) and institutional subscription rates ($20 increase per subscription) in 2004.

C. Window with JSTOR
Lynn Smith-Lovin commented that ASA, at 5-years, has a longer window with JSTOR than some other journals. Other associations and publishers have 2-year windows or shorter, with some working with only a one issue window. Members debated the virtues of various possible windows, ultimately deciding to shorten the current 5-year window to a 2-year window in light of ASA’s intention to go online with all ASA journals in 2004.

    Council voted unanimously to adjust JSTOR from a 5-year window to a 2-year window.
D. ASR Editorial Office
The cost of editorial office support for the American Sociological Review (ASR) has increased over time at a significantly higher rate than other journals. From 1987 to 2002, the ASR editorial office cost increased more than three-fold from $43,275 in 1987 to $134,143 in 2002. Contemporary Sociology, for example, experienced only a two-fold increase over the same 15-year period.
As background, Executive Office staff reported that in 1990, new ASR editor received approval to have the editorial office take over a production function (typesetting) for this journal. In 1990, the cost to ASA for typesetting the journal was approximately $20,000 per year. Subsequent ASR editors have been presented with the option of maintaining the Wisconsin office as the base for the ASR Managing Editor and typesetting processes, regardless of the location of the ASR editor.
This unique arrangement has had two cost consequences over time. Despite the cost-neutral intent, the incorporation of typesetting into the editorial office structure of ASR has resulted in expanding editorial office staff and costs.
With 2003 being a year in which there will be a change in ASR editor and a move of the editorial office from Madison, the Executive Office considered future possibilities for ASR editorial support. After a careful analysis of the options and costs of each possibility, the best option was to move all editorial office tasks to the incoming editor starting in 2004 and to return the typesetting functions to the ASA Executive Office. This brings ASR editorial and production functions into the same configuration of all other ASA journals.
    Council voted to direct the Executive Office to work with the outgoing ASR editor and managing editor to prepare a revised budget that assumes the return of typesetting to the ASA Executive Office and moves all editorial office tasks to the incoming editor’s office by January 1, 2004, with a phasing out of the Wisconsin office in its entirety. (1 abstention)

E. Request for Additional Pages for Sociology of Education
The incoming editor of Sociology of Education submitted a request to the Committee on Publications for a one-time allocation of an additional 60 pages to handle the backlog of articles in the production queue. The Committee on Publications reviewed this request and voted to approve 30 additional pages for the journal in 2003.

    Council voted unanimously to approve an additional allocation of 30 pages for Sociology of Education in 2003 at a cost of $3,120.

F. Report of Council Sub-Committee on Electronic Publication
Last October Bill Bielby, following ASA Council’s vote, formed a subcommittee composed of Bob Crutchfield, Bernice Pescosolido, Arne Kalleberg, and Carol Heimer to look at a variety of questions about electronic dissemination of intellectual material. Among the issues to be investigated: prevalence of posting of ASA copyright material on individual websites; how such posting might affect both access to scholarly work and ASA income streams; difficulties that might be created about the integrity of intellectual material; and issues related to JSTOR and other arrangements that ASA enters into that create electronic access to ASA journals. The initial meeting of the subcommittee was held on December 14.
The sub-committee reviewed the existing 1997 ASA policy statement on this subject as well as e-mail from Barrie Thorne about whether publication in online working paper series should be considered “publication” thereby making a paper ineligible for submission to an ASA journal. Council was sympathetic to Thorne’s concern — centers and departments strongly urge posting of papers, including in electronic paper series, and it would not be reasonable to prohibit ASA publication of those papers. ASA’s current policy would not regard these working papers as prior publication if they are removed from the website as soon as they are accepted for publication by an ASA journal.
Recognizing that they did not have much information about what people are actually doing (e.g., if a journal gives authors a PDF file of the publication, do people tend to circulate the file? what kinds of pressures do people face to post or circulate materials which are in the process of being published? what are other issues of concern to our members?), the sub-committee thought it wise to have an open discussion of the issues among the membership before recommending any alteration of policy.
The main decision was to organize an open session at the 2003 ASA annual meeting on the issues of electronic publication with a format much like the open forum held by the Task Force on Journal Diversity several years ago. The sub-committee envisions a series of short presentations that discuss ASA policies, practical concerns such as pressures from other institutions to post material, how ASA’s situation fits in the more general context of intellectual property law, and the perennial tension between wide distribution of intellectual material and creation of important public goods (journals) supported by the income stream associated with ownership rights to this intellectual material. About half of the time would be allocated for these presentations, half for open discussion.
The sub-committee suggested that it continue in operation for a while as a recipient of information and a forum to discuss these important issues.

G. Contexts
Last August Council requested an analysis of the impact of Contexts on the other ASA journals. Executive Office staff reported that Contexts has done very well in its first year of publication. However, ASA member Contexts subscribers this year were more likely than subscribers to other ASA journals to drop a journal and were less likely to purchase additional journal subscriptions. This is likely to be a phenomenon of Contexts’ initial year. Nevertheless, the Executive Office and the Publications Committee will carefully monitor the performance of Contexts and the other ASA journals and will provide regular updates to EOB and Council.
As discussed earlier in the Secretary’s report, Council is very pleased with the initial success of Contexts. Members of Council recognize that this success if due to the hard work of a number of individuals, especially Claude Fischer. To recognize his effort, Council adopted the following resolution for publication in Footnotes:

    “The ASA Council congratulates Claude Fischer for the successful launch of Contexts and for the recognition it has received, within the discipline and without. Claude has shown extraordinary vision, leadership, dedication and sociological insight, and we deeply appreciate his efforts.”

Council also wished to formally record its recognition of the major contributions of former Executive Officer Felice Levine to the concept and development of Contexts.

    Council voted unanimously to record in the minutes of this meeting its appreciation to former Executive Officer Felice J. Levine for her vision and leadership in the successful launch of Contexts as an important vehicle to convey the uses and contributions of sociology within the discipline and beyond.

10. Committee on Publications

A. Cost of ASA Journals to Members
At its August 19, 2002 meeting, ASA Council asked that the Committee on Publications review current member subscription rates with particular attention to whether those rates adhere to the long-term policy of providing journals at cost to members. Council also raised the question of whether economies of scale are such that ASR costs less to produce than other ASA journals, even though it publishes more issues each year than quarterly journals and has an annual page allocation of twice that of most ASA quarterlies.
Executive Office staff prepared an analysis of this issue, which included examination of expenses and per-subscriber costs for ASA journals for the 2001 volume year (the last year for which there is complete information). This eliminates the possibility that factors unrelated to subscriber totals that change over time and across journals (e.g., more financially supportive institutions hosting editorial offices) can have a significant but temporary effect on a particular journal’s cost per subscriber.
Karen Edwards reported that ASA quarterlies vary from $25.08 (Teaching Sociology) to $34.21 (Sociology of Education). This variance shows that neither the number of subscribers nor the average number of pages printed per volume year has a pure correlation to per-subscriber cost. While TS prints the fewest copies, it also has the largest annual page allocation of any ASA quarterly. SOE, on the other hand, with the highest per-subscriber cost, has the lowest page allocation (at 350 per year). The average per-subscriber cost for the quarterlies is $30.69, quite close to the annual subscription rate to members ($30).
ASA’s bi-monthly journals, American Sociological Review and Contemporary Sociology, have per-subscriber costs of $32.07 and $35.10, respectively. This is an average of $33.58 per-subscriber, or about $1.50 less than the $35 member subscription rate for each. While ASR publishes two more issues per year and more than twice as many pages than any ASA quarterly (except for TS), it is nonetheless less expensive per subscriber than two of the quarterlies.
The Committee on Publications reported to Council that there was no significant variance in the per-issue cost of journals and that the current practice of pricing types of journals at the same rate is appropriate and correct. A member subscription structure that ties rates to specific journals (as opposed to specific types of journals) is not recommended because of the effects of single-year factors on per-subscriber rates. Members of Council reviewed this report considering several possible changes. However, it was agreed that with the pending change in three editors, the launch of online journals, and the lack of long-term Contexts data, it was best to monitor this issue in the future rather than make any changes at this time.

B. Selection of Editors for Journals
Council met in Executive Session on Saturday afternoon and again briefly on Sunday morning to select editors for Teaching Sociology, American Sociological Review, and Social Psychology Quarterly. No actions were reported out of those sessions pending discussions with candidates.

11. Sections

A. Interest Groups Proposal
In follow-up to an item briefly discussed at the August 20, 2002 Council meeting, Executive Office staff reviewed a proposal to establish interest groups as an alternative to small sections. The costs of several technical issues related to implementation of the idea were assessed, but there were also several policy questions that needed Council clarification before the implementation issues could be examined.
The original Committee on Sections concept suggested that interest groups could be established upon securing 100 member signatures, and would have one session at the Annual Meeting, but would otherwise not receive any of the services that sections receive (e.g., no elections, newsletters, listservs, rosters, dues).
Members of Council were initially divided on the issue of interest groups with some seeing it as a mechanism to stop the proliferation of sections and a way to discontinue small sections, and others seeing this suggestion as an added layer of organizational complexity and possibly, intellectual fragmentation. Given the many options members already have to participate in the program at the Annual Meeting, and with procedures already in place for discontinuing small sections, Council opted not to move forward with the interest group proposal.

    Council voted against moving forward with an interest group structure within ASA. (8 in favor 2, opposed, 3 abstentions)

B. Three-Year Moving Average for Section Allocations
At the August 20, 2002 meeting of Section Chairs with the Committee on Sections, the suggestion was made that ASA consider a three-year moving average rather than an annual count of section membership to determine section allocations. At Council’s request, Executive Office staff analyzed this proposal and how it would impact each section in terms of session and financial allocations. Under a three-year moving average system, sections that are growing would be penalized. Council agreed that a three-year average was an appealing concept, but felt that penalizing growing sections was wrong. Following discussion, Council decided on a compromise approach.

    Council voted to adopt a three-year moving average beginning with 2004 to determine section session and financial allocations, with the provision that no section will be disadvantaged by the loss of sessions or budget allocations for a period of three years. (9 yes, 1 no, 1 abstention)

12. Bylaws Amendments

In follow-up to a request from Council at the August 20, 2002 meeting, Executive Office staff conferred with ASA Legal Counsel on Bylaws amendments to clarify election procedures. At the same time, a list of inconsistencies or other technical problems were identified and provided to Legal Counsel for review and recommended amendments.

A. Formal Council Actions Between Meetings
There is conflict between the ASA Constitution Article IV, Section 5 and Bylaws Article III, Section 6, and both are in conflict with the District of Columbia laws under which ASA operates as a corporation. The ASA Constitution permits questions to be submitted to Council by mail only and the Bylaws permit any means to be used. The Constitution does not indicate how a decision is made, and the Bylaws require a majority of a quorum.
Legal Counsel advised that DC statutes require either unanimous written consent of Council (although the question can be delivered via any means including email) or a teleconference call in which members can hear one another and a vote can be taken in the same manner as if the meeting was in person. Counsel is researching whether an email reply to a question constitutes “written consent.” However, even so, the vote must be unanimous for it to be an official action.
Legal Counsel proposed three amendments to the current Bylaws language to address this issue. These would allow Council to receive notification of a question by any means (including email) but require a unanimous vote that must be in writing (whether this includes an email reply is to be determined), or a teleconference call requiring majority vote of a quorum.

    Council voted to submit to the membership changes in the Bylaws suggested by ASA’s Legal Counsel to permit Council actions between face-to-face meetings either by teleconference or by unanimous written vote after requests for actions are submitted by mail, electronic mail, fax or by other means.

B. Nominations of Members to Award Selection Committees
There are inconsistencies between Sections 7(a) and 8(a) of Article V of the Bylaws regarding who provides Council with the nominations for the Awards Selection Committees. Council voted to re-establish the Committee on Committees effective 2002 and the Bylaws were changed accordingly. With this change, responsibility for making recommendations of members to serve on the ASA Awards Selection Committees shifted to the Committee on Committees. However, Bylaws Article V Section 7(a) was never changed and it still gives this responsibility to the Committee on Awards.
Another inconsistency is found regarding nominations for the Awards Committee. With the reinstatement of the Committee on Committees, responsibility for nominating members to serve on the Awards Committee shifted from the President to the Committee on Committees. Bylaws Article V Section 7(b) needs to be amended to remove the word “President” and replace it with “Committee on Committees”.

    Council voted to submit to the membership changes in the Bylaws suggested by ASA’s Legal Counsel and the Executive Office to ensure the Committee on Committees provides the nominations to Council for the membership of all Award Selection Committees and the Committee on Awards.

C. Method of Annual Election
At the August 20, 2002 meeting, Council voted to offer members the option of voting by electronic means as well as by paper ballot in the 2003 election. Council also asked Legal Counsel to propose amendments to the Bylaws to make the method of voting more flexible. Because the means of communication are constantly changing, Council felt it was not wise to have one specific method of voting specified in the Bylaws. Legal Counsel reviewed this request and proposed ten technical amendments to the Constitution and Bylaws, removing all references to “mail ballot’ and “by mail” for all membership votes, and giving the Executive Office authority to determine the procedures to be followed in conducting elections and other ballot measures, provided that such procedures protect the privacy of members and ensure an accurate and fair count. Council substituted the word “Council” in place of “Executive Office” but otherwise accepted Legal Counsel’s recommendation.

    Council voted to submit to the membership changes in the Bylaws suggested by ASA’s Legal Counsel to remove all references to a specific method of membership voting (mailed ballots) and give Council the authority to determine the procedures to be followed provided that such procedures protect the privacy of members and ensure an accurate and fair count.

D. When the President-Elect Assumes the Presidency
ASA Bylaws (Article II, Section 1) state that the incoming officers assume office “one day prior to the date announced for the close of the Annual Meeting.” Under the old five-day meeting schedule, this allowed the outgoing President to preside at the Annual Business meeting and pass the gavel to the incoming President at that time. However, the move to a four-day Annual Meeting meant that the Business Meeting now occurs on the last day of the meeting. Legal Counsel proposed an amendment to change the term of office to begin on the last date of the Annual Meeting.

    Council voted to submit to the membership changes in the Bylaws suggested by ASA’s Legal Counsel to begin the term of office for officers on the last day of the Annual Meeting in the year during which they are elected.

E. Clarification of Emeritus Membership Status
When Council and the membership voted to re-instate the Emeritus membership category in 1999, the following language was added to the Bylaws in Article I, Section 1: “Persons are eligible for Emeritus membership at retirement from their primary employment as sociologists, providing that they have been members of the Association for at least ten years.” At this meeting, Council considered amending this language to require individuals to have been members for at least ten consecutive years to be eligible for emeritus status.
The Executive Office asked Council to consider another more substantive change in the criteria for Emeritus Status. Currently, anyone who has been a member for ten years in any membership category can move into emeritus status at retirement with its current $37 annual dues and no journal purchase requirement. The Emeritus membership category is currently growing, and Associate Members are moving in increasing numbers into the emeritus category.
Council debated amending the current language to make Emeritus status a reward for long-term membership as full voting members of the association. Members of Council considered the proposed amendment and the possible impact on each group of members. Council rejected the concept of ten consecutive years and accepted the concept of full voting members as criteria for emeritus status.

    Council unanimously voted to submit to the membership changes in the Bylaws suggested by ASA’s Legal Counsel to make persons eligible for emeritus membership at retirement from their primary employment as sociologists, providing that they have been full voting members of the Association for at least ten years.
F. Publication of Annual Financial Audit
Each year an extensive report of the Association’s financial audit is printed in Footnotes to inform the membership on the financial status of the organization. Legal Counsel recommended that Bylaws should be general and not restrict an association to only one particular method of communication (e.g., in this case the Bylaws specifically direct that audits be published in Footnotes). Since the current Bylaws were adopted, electronic media have developed and become a viable alternative to print publication for communicating with the membership.
Legal Counsel provided language for the Bylaws that would permit distribution of this financial information by any means deemed appropriate or necessary by Council. For example, with this change in the Bylaws, the Executive Office could request Council’s agreement to placing the full audit report on the ASA website, while having a briefer summary in Footnotes and referencing the website. Legal Counsel also suggested a parallel change in Article II Section 8(e) regarding the method of reporting Members’ Resolutions.
    Council voted to submit to the membership changes in the Bylaws suggested by ASA’s Legal Counsel to make the report of the audit, and the reporting of members’ resolutions, available in an appropriate Association publication or by other means as deemed necessary by the Council.

G. Publication of Council Meeting Minutes
It is vitally important for members of ASA to have access to information on the discussions, decisions and priorities of Council. To that end, minutes of Council meetings have been published for members to review for most of the life of the organization, first in ASR, then in The American Sociologist, and most recently in Footnotes since its inauguration in 1972. Council discussed whether print distribution of Council minutes is the most effective way to convey this information to members. Print distribution of Council minutes is cumbersome, overwhelming to most people at first glance, and increasingly expensive.
Legal Counsel indicated that the current Bylaws (Article III, Section 5(e)) permit ASA Council Minutes to be published in Footnotes in their entirety, as is done now, placed on ASA’s website, or “by other means as deemed necessary by the Council” to fulfill the Bylaws requirement that “(a)ll actions take by the Council...be communicated to the membership promptly....”
A trial was launched recently to make minutes of several recent Council meetings available online at http://www.asanet.org/governance/minutes.html for member review. Members of Council were unanimous in supporting the proposal that full Council minutes should be available on the ASA website and that a summary of each Council meeting should be published in Footnotes to provide highlights of the meeting major decisions, directing members to the website for the full text of the meeting minutes.

    Council voted unanimously to authorize the Executive Office to place of copy of the full, approved Minutes of Council meetings on the ASA website, and to place a summary of selected actions and discussions in Footnotes.

13. Review of 2002 Finances

Secretary Kalleberg, chair of the Executive Office and Budget Committee, reported that the association was projected to end 2002 with a $118,000 deficit. While 2002 was originally planned to have a balanced budget, there have been several unexpected challenges. First, revenues have been down, primarily due to the declining number of institutional subscriptions. Second, expenses were up due to filling all existing, authorized staff positions and to overlap in personnel during the Executive Officer transition. Also, audio-visual services at the annual meeting were significantly more expensive than originally projected.
Kalleberg reported that EOB will monitor the situation in 2003 to determine if there are structural issues with the Association’s budget that need to be addressed. He added that if the only way to produce a balanced budget is to operate the Association at less than full staff and reduce member services, then this may signal the presence of a structural issue that requires attention. One solution to such a structural problem may be to generate additional revenue.

14. Proposed Budget for 2003

Secretary Kalleberg, joined by Comptroller Les Briggs and Executive Officer Sally Hillsman, presented the proposed 2003 budget as reviewed and endorsed by the Executive Office and Budget committee.

A. Operating Budget
Executive Office staff originally presented EOB with a balanced budget proposal for 2003. EOB, however, decided to take a more conservative approach regarding revenue projections and expenses and to recommend to Council a budget with a deficit of $76,015 (1.71%). EOB has assumed that membership will hold constant. While there are plans to launch a membership marketing campaign, there is no way to forecast how successful that effort will be and whether its effects will be felt in 2003.
Budgeted amounts for some lines have increased at a greater than inflationary amount. As most organizations have found, the cost of health care benefits has increased sharply from 2002 to 2003. ASA’s health insurance will cost 30% more in 2003 than it did in 2002. Also, EOB adjusted the budget for audio-visual equipment at the annual meeting to anticipate higher demand by members.
Members of Council agreed with the conservative approach adopted by EOB in preparation of the 2003 budget.

    Council voted unanimously to adopt the 2003 budget as presented.

B. Spivack Budget
The proposed programmatic budget for the Spivack Program for 2003 is $89,870. This budget includes a small amount for personnel expenses, publication expenses (e.g., the race statement), fellowships, overhead, investment expenses, and some support for the amicus brief task force. There were no questions or objections from members of Council.

    Council voted unanimously to adopt the 2003 budget for the Spivack Program as presented.

C. Rose Fund and Contexts Budgets
For 2003, a budget of $32,949 was proposed for the Rose Series editorial office. This proposal represented a 12.63% increase over the 2002 budget.

    Council voted unanimously to approve the 2003 budget for the Rose Series and Contexts as presented.
D. Review of Membership Dues Categories and Rates
Periodically EOB reviews membership income categories and dues amounts. Over time, the distribution of ASA’s membership has crept upward on the dues income categories income scale. Currently the highest income category available is $70,000 and above; 25% of ASA members are in this category. Current Sociology department faculty income data suggest that the Association should consider adding another higher income category. Also, as the proportion of the membership in lower end income categories declines, the question of combining, or at least adjusting, those categories is also raised.
Kalleberg reported that EOB will continue to review models developed by the Executive Office staff that are both revenue neutral and revenue enhancing and will develop a recommendation for Council consideration in January 2004. Any change that increases the dues of members will require a vote of the membership

15. Task Force Reports

There are currently several task forces at work on a variety of projects. Some of those groups provided reports to Council at this meeting.

A. Task Force on Articulation
The Task Force on Articulation submitted a substantial final report to Council in August 19, 2002. At that time Council asked that key recommendations and action items be highlighted for Council discussion and vote. The Task Force did not present a set of specific recommendations in the original report, partly because articulation is a complex and context-bound set of decisions, not easily addressed with “one size fits all” recommendations. However, Deputy Executive Officer Howery prepared the following action items for disseminating the work of this Task Force:

  • Ask the Task Force on the Advanced Placement Course in Sociology to share course objectives for the introductory course as one way to clarify standards for that introductory course (these objectives would be purely advisory);
  • Ask the Task Force on the Major to identify learning objectives for lower division sociology courses – especially the introductory course, social problems, and family – that are relevant across institutional types and for diverse students;
  • Ask the Task Force on the Major to develop guidelines about how learning objectives and goals differ, or should differ, between upper and lower division courses (this work is consistent with that Task Force’s efforts to advise sociology departments about course sequencing and curriculum);
  • Encourage the Task Force on the Major, in their revision of the Liberal Learning document, to cover multiple kinds of sociology curricula – majors and minors – tailored to different institutional and student characteristics;
  • Sponsor workshops where faculty members from diverse institutions can work together to achieve standards and consistency in instruction, curricular structure, and so on (such a workshop is proposed for 2004);
  • Post the Task Force report on the ASA homepage;
  • Hold a session on articulation issues at the 2003 Chairs conference.

    Council voted unanimously to approve the recommended activities to disseminate the work of the Task Force on Articulation.

In the course of its work, the task force found that a compounding factor is the number of “out of field” faculty who teach sociology. This is more acute in lower division courses, that are most relevant to articulation. In addition, differing systems of giving credit for such courses can make it difficult for students who want to transfer. In recognition of the need for quality instruction of the discipline,

    Council voted that the American Sociological Association is committed to quality instruction of the discipline. To that end, ASA recommends that any faculty member teaching a course in sociology, at the college level, have at least MA-level (or equivalent) preparation in sociology.

B. Task Force on the Implications of the Evaulation of Faculty Productivity and Teaching Effectiveness
The Task Force on the Implications of the Evaluation of Faculty Productivity and Teaching Effectiveness was extended for one additional year by Council action in August 2002. As requested, the task force provided a preliminary report at this meeting to give Council a sense of the direction of the report and to allow for comments and feedback before the final report is submitted in August 2003. An extensive written report was provided.

C. Task Force on Journal Diversity
In the summer of 2000, then President Joe Feagin recommended, and with the support of Council, established a 14-member Task Force on Journal Diversity to examine issues of diversity in ASA journals.
Bernice Pescosolido, chair, reported that the task force examination included the relevance of ASA publications to members’ interests, whether ASA publications are too narrow in focus, whether certain methodological approaches and substantive areas are under-represented among published articles, and whether certain kinds of individuals are under-represented among the ranks of authors, editorial boards and editors.
In addition to a call for comments published in Footnotes, the Task Force conducted an Open Forum to solicit input from membership. The Task Force also reviewed a 1996 report on articles published in ASR and AJS, extensive data on ASA publications, and a content analysis of articles published in ASR and AJS. The Task Force identified four areas for more in-depth study: (1) journal content, (2) the publication process, (3) outreach strategies, and (4) career placement of authors.
The Task Force reported that ASA members have a persistent set of perceptions about the journals. Particular concerns noted by members included (1) a perceived exclusion of articles by sociologists conducting multi-disciplinary, policy-based, or practice-oriented research, and (2) a perceived limitation to qualitative studies in ASR because of perceived pressures to reduce article length.
The number of members subscribing to ASR has dropped from a high of about 80% to about 50% currently. Most ASA journals have experienced a downward trend in subscriptions. Sociological Methodology and Sociological Theory have remained stable; only Teaching Sociology has experienced an increase.
Analysis of data on editors indicate that across the entire set of ASA journal editors, about one-quarter have been women, with two-thirds of those editors being appointed on or after 1990. Diversity on race/ethnicity falls far behind that of gender. There have been 2 African-American editors, 3 Asian-American editors, and 1 Hispanic editor. The proportion of editorial board members who are members of minority groups increased from the 8-10% range in the early 1990s to nearly 30% by the end of the decade.
The Task Force made two broad classes of recommendations: (1) that ASA evaluate current data collection efforts on journals and re-configure reporting requirements so that the association can better track over time information on journal submissions and acceptances, and (2) that ASA require the Publications Committee to add considerations of diversity, broadly defined, to editor selection. The Task Force further recommended that the Publications Committee and journal editors consider the feasibility of new formats, increases in page allotments for select journals, and activities at the annual meeting that will increase the accessibility of journal submission and publication to a broad spectrum of its membership and be attuned to different career stages.
Council noted that all efforts to date have examined inputs and outputs of the publications process but have not examined the mechanism of publication and that the review process itself requires further attention. Council decided that the report was of such quality and usefulness that it needed more time than the current meeting agenda permitted to discuss the report fully. Therefore, it would continue its discussion at its August meeting. Members of Council expressed sincere appreciation to Bernice Pescosolido, members of the Task Force, and members of the Publications Committee for this very detailed report.

D. Task Force on the AP Course in Sociology
The Task Force on the Advanced Placement Course in Sociology has been working to make linkages with teachers currently teaching sociology in high schools. A High School Affiliate arrangement was launched in 2002 for teachers to link with ASA. Those teachers interested will receive Contexts and enjoy member-prices on other publications. ASA plans to offer a daylong workshop at the Annual Meeting for teachers, as well as a workshop at the spring meeting of the Midwest Sociological Society.

16. Creation of New Task Forces

President Bielby introduced several proposals that called for the creation of new task forces. He reminded Council that existing guidelines call for new task forces to be announced in Footnotes along with their mission and a call for volunteers and suggestions from the members for appointments. All nominations and suggestions would be collected and a three-member sub-committee of Council would review the names in June to select the membership of each new task force. Appointment by June would allow a new task force to begin organizing immediately and hold its first meeting in August at the annual meeting.

A. Task Force on Assessment of the Undergraduate Major
Increasingly, departments are being asked to assess their impact on graduating majors. Many departments are unsure of how to proceed with such assessment. Deputy Executive Officer Howery reported that this is her most frequently asked question, with many people asking for model or sample tests to review and consider. Council agreed that there was a real need for this information and agreed to create a task force to work on this issue.

    Council voted to create a new Task Force on the Assessment of the Undergraduate Major which will undertake the research, deliberation, and writing to produce a report to (1) describe the “landscape” of undergraduate assessment as it pertains to sociology; (2) identify promising practices in sociology departments, including exams, portfolios, assessment embedded in courses; (3) explore the possibility of and pluses and minuses of a standardized exam and any role ASA might play in its preparation and in keeping norming information; (4) suggest means to help departments consider these options and learn more about them, including events at the Annual Meeting; and (5) create model materials that departments could use to undertake useful assessments.

B. Task Force on Bridges to the Real World
In August 19, 2002, Council heard an oral presentation requesting a new Task Force on Bridges to the Real World. In follow-up to that discussion, Barbara Reskin was asked to prepare a one-page mission statement for the proposed task force.
Reskin reported that many people are drawn to sociology in the hope that they can use their skills to advance social justice at home or abroad. However, neither the training nor the jobs of many sociologists provide the tools or paths to use their sociological expertise to further community-service goals.
ASA Council addressed this issue in 1989-91 when Edna Bonacich proposed a Blue Ribbon Task Force to provide sociological expertise to poor and excluded groups through community action research. The task force made several recommendations to Council, including “Sociological Aid” (analogous to Legal Aid), summer training programs, internships, and annual meeting events.
Reskin proposed a Task Force for Bridges to the Real World, which would seek additional ways to provide opportunities for more sociologists to develop the relevant skills and create mechanisms to bring those skills to arenas in which they can make a difference. The task force will consider the recommendations from the Blue Ribbon task force, but will not be limited to those possibilities. The task force is asked to try to develop ways to institutionalize ties between academic sociologists and the public, especially community- and social-change organizations and the media. The task force is asked to meet at the Annual Meeting and make recommendations to the winter 2004 Council. Currently, the Spivack Program funds a small grants program for community action research projects. This task force would consider complementary approaches.

    Council voted to create a new Task Force for Bridges to the Real World with charge as outlined by Immediate Past President Barbara Reskin.

C. Task Force to Review the ASA Areas of Interest
For some time ASA has had an “areas of interest” check off on the membership application and renewal forms. Each member is asked to select up to four areas of interest and rank them. This information is used to monitor trends in the specialties and to provide members with appropriate information based on their interests.
Over the years a few new categories have been added, particularly ones that correspond to sections where there is a critical mass of people with that specialty interest. Otherwise, however, the Executive Office has avoided making changes. Clearly there are new areas in the field of sociology and new language for longstanding areas. Recognizing the value of having constant appellations so researchers can study trends longitudinally, it is also recognized that members prefer terminology that fits their identities and interests.

    Council voted to form a Task Force to Review the ASA Areas of Specialty with a final report to be delivered to Council in January 2004.

17. Follow-up on Report from the Status Committee on LGBT Persons in Sociology

In follow-up to an extensive, multi-year committee report presented in August, Council asked the Executive Office to review the large document and summarize the recommendations to Council made by the committee. Roberta Spalter-Roth, Staff Liaison to the Status Committee, provided a summary, which included eight recommendations for Council.
Council members acknowledged the Status Committee’s report as extremely solid and well formulated. Council asked the Council Liaison, Pam Walters, to relay back to the Status Committee the general support of Council and appreciation for their hard work in preparation of this report.
The report recommended that, given the marginalization of LGBT persons, ASA should facilitate the creation and maintenance of a mentoring program that links faculty trained in gender and sexuality (and LGBT studies in particular) with graduate students interested in doing research in this area.
Council was supportive of this idea and recognized that several successful mentoring programs were already in place in other structures (some ASA sections and SWS, for example) providing models upon which such an effort could be based. Members of Council urged the Status Committee to work with other groups that had already established mentoring programs and build a similar program for the LGBT group.

    Council voted to endorse the creation of a mentoring program to support sociologists who identify as LGBT or who want to focus on LGBT scholarship. The Council encourages the Committee on the Status of LGBT Persons in Sociology to consult with SWS, ABS, the ASA Executive Office, various sections of the ASA, and other professional groups who have effective mentoring structures in place toward the goal of developing such a program for LGBTs, which would be established by the Status Committee, perhaps in association with the ASA Section on Sexualities or other entities as they find appropriate.

Also,

    Council voted unanimously to ask that mentoring and marginality become a regular part of the agenda for the Department Chairs conference at the Annual Meeting.

Council also discussed the possibility of adding a field to the annual membership renewal form and the membership application asking for each individual’s sexual orientation. Noting some inherent problems with seeking this type of information, Council did not reach a conclusion on this question, but asked the committee to consider the pros and cons.

18. Centennial Planning

During the August 2002 meeting, Council discussed at length the 2005 Centennial of the Association. At that time, several members were assigned responsibility for developing possible ideas for discussion at the February meeting.

A. Publications
In August President Bielby appointed a Centennial Publications Committee to discuss ideas raised at Council regarding possible ASA publications related to the centennial celebration in 2005. The committee, chaired by Michael Burawoy, included James Blackwell, Barbara Laslett, Douglas McAdam, and Beth Schneider.
Burawoy reported that the committee considered several possible activities before ultimately recommending the following:
Bring out a volume of the last 100 years of American Sociology. Burawoy reported that Craig Calhoun has agreed to assume the role of chief editor, supported by Troy Duster and Barbara Laslett and potentially others. The volume would focus on the two-way relation between sociology and American society over the last 100 years. Individual chapters, solicited by the editors, will deal with different periods and issues.
Members of Council were in agreement with the proposed volume on the last 100 years of American Sociology, but were concerned about the tight timeframe and questioned whether it was feasible to undertake such a project. Burawoy indicated that the project was feasible but only if approval was secured at this meeting.

    Council voted unanimously in principle to move ahead with the editorial project proposed by the Centennial Publications Committee to produce a volume on the last 100 years of American Sociology.
    [See 18.E below for funding of this and other Centennial items]
The Centennial Publications Committee also proposed other possible publications projects that would involve the Executive Office: (1) updating the Rhoades history of the ASA, (2) compiling memoirs of emeriti professors, and (3) assembling historical documents, published and unpublished. Consideration of these items was taken up as part of the Executive Office report on centennial planning.

B. Outreach
A Centennial Outreach Committee composed of Robert Crutchfield, Victor Nee, Pamela Walters, and Roberta Spalter-Roth, updated Council on their main project: production of a documentary-style film focused on the ways in which sociological ideas and/or research have affected public policy in the U.S., with attention to significant public debates or social controversies in American society over the last century. Walters reported that following discussion with experts in the area of documentary production it was the consensus of the committee that it is feasible to produce a documentary and get it aired on television, probably public television. While appealing, the idea is also costly. The committee indicated that outside support could be necessary for the actual products. However, seed money is necessary to hire a professional to undertake development with ASA Council, the Executive Office, and members. The committee indicated that some seed money could likely be obtained from donations by individual sociology departments. Walters proposed that ASA Council provide $20,000 as start-up money to allow the committee to go to the next step of hiring a professional production manager. In addition, the Committee will identify a small number of sociologists to work with the production manager, and also have a backup plan for what to do instead of a documentary if they are unable in the end to attract sufficient funding to produce the film.
Members of Council were excited about the possibility of a documentary film, but at the same time were concerned about the riskiness and costliness of the venture. Members of the committee identified a number of possible outside sources of funding and reiterated to Council that they were seeking only seed money to take the concept to the next level. The committee request for $20,000 was to provide matching funds of a $2 for $1 basis to match funds secured from outside sources such as sociology departments.
Bielby indicated that the funds of the American Sociological Fund have been given with the intention of having them used, and suggested that some of these funds would be appropriate for this and other centennial projects.

    Council voted in principle in favor of moving ahead with planning for a possible documentary to present sociological accomplishments to the American public.
    [See 18.E below for funding of this and other Centennial items]

C. International
In August, Council asked Douglas Kincaid, ASA’s liaison to the International Sociological Association, to work with the ISA leadership to determine options for ISA and other international participation in the ASA Centennial in 2005. Kincaid provided a written follow-up report to Council outlining proposed activities for an international component of the 2005 meeting. Kincaid requested assistance from ASA Council in exploring these ideas through the establishment of a sub-committee.

    Council voted to create a three-person sub-committee of Council members composed of Esther Chow, Victor Nee, and Ivan Szelenyi to work with Douglas Kincaid on possible international activities in conjunction with the ASA Centennial.

D. Executive Office
Executive Officer Hillsman presented a series of possible centennial activities, including commissioning a centennial logo, updating the Rhoades history of ASA, and collection of historical information for publication on the ASA website.
A long-term consultant has indicated availability of the necessary documents in ASA files and the Archive at Penn State. Members of Council were in agreement with updating this largely descriptive document. Hillsman indicated that a small sub-committee of Council members would be needed to work with the consultant.
The ASA website contains a list of past Presidents. Executive Office staff proposed adding to the website additional information on the Association Presidents, including their Presidential photos, biographical information, published obituaries, Presidential addresses, and other useful information. A sample for ASA’s first President, Lester Ward, was recently published on the website and was provided as an example.
In addition to information of past Presidents, Executive Office staff proposed creating a living history on the ASA website (e.g., a published document must be stopped at one point in time, but a web document can continue to grow with additions over time). Hillsman indicated that the Executive Office would need to hire a professional Webmaster to help design a quality site (and ultimately to bring the rest of the ASA website up to the quality of the Centennial site). Additional assistance would also be needed in the Executive Office to reach out to the ASA membership, related sociological associations, and sociology departments to assemble the material and ready it for the website.

E. Funding
After considering the various suggestions for centennial activities,

    Council voted to commit up to a total of $75,000 from the American Sociological Fund as follows: $20,000 seed money for the proposed documentary, $25,000 for the proposed volume on 100 years of American Sociology, and $30,000 for other Centennial events.
    [10 in favor, 2 abstentions]

19. Executive Office Reports

Time did not permit an in-depth review and discussion of ASA Executive Office reports. Members of Council received extensive written reports on the following areas: Academic and Professional Affairs Program, Minority Affairs Program, Research Program on the Discipline, Public Affairs and Public Information Programs, Fund for the Advancement of the Discipline, and Spivack Fund Initiatives. Staff offered to answer any questions individually with members following the meeting.

20. Resolution in Support of Lynn Weber

Council member Barbara Risman reported that during the fall of 2002 a controversy had arisen from conservative students over a set of guidelines sociologist Lynn Weber has used for many years to create open and civil dialogue in her classroom, especially when there were sociological topics being discussed that tend to generate controversy. She added that there was even a threat of a lawsuit from a conservative group in South Carolina, a move that could have a chilling effect on faculty’s willingness to teach controversial subjects with open classroom discussion. No faculty, especially junior faculty, she suggested, wants to risk a lawsuit or negative publicity. Risman noted that Weber’s guidelines are used quite widely. She encouraged Council, as the representative body of the discipline, to support Lynn Weber’s academic freedom and take a public stand for faculty rights to create guidelines for classroom discussion.

    Council voted to (1) affirm the academic freedom of all faculty to develop strategies or guidelines to encourage open and civil classroom debate; (2) support the discussion and dialogue of controversial issues that are inherent to the study of inequality and other core subjects; and (3) request that the ASA President write a letter containing this motion to be sent to the Dean of College of Liberal Arts and the Chair of the Sociology Department of the University of South Carolina as well as to the Chronicle of Higher Education.

21. ASA and the Racial Privacy Initiative

President Bielby announced that a racial privacy initiative is likely to be on the ballot in California in 2004 under the name Initiative on Classification by Race, Ethnicity and National Origins (CRENO). The focus of this initiative would be to request that State agencies in California cease to collect any official data on race, ethnicity, or national origin. This referendum would be a serious blow to the ability of researchers to study the impact of race and ethnicity in education, health, welfare, and other areas of sociological interest and public policy concern. He reported that he planned to have something that touches on this issue in one of his plenary sessions at the August Annual Meeting.
Reskin noted that Council has already taken a stand on this issue with its release in August 2002 of the Statement on the Importance of Collecting Data and Doing Social Scientific Research on Race. Council discussed various ways of publicizing the Association’s statement.

22. Adjournment

Members of Council thanked Executive Office staff for their hard work in preparation for the meeting and for their assistance throughout the meeting. Members complimented the clarity and thoroughness of the written reports, which aided in Council decision-making.
With no further business for consideration, the meeting was adjourned at 2:24 pm on Sunday, February 2, 2003.