July/August 2010 Issue • Volume 38 • Issue 6

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Science Policy

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Videos provide tips on how NIH assesses applications

The National Institutes of Health’s (NIH) Center for Scientific Review (CSR) released a video to show new applicants and others how NIH assesses the more than 80,000 grant applications it receives each year in order to help find those with the most merit. With the majority of NIH’s $31 billion budget supporting grants to researchers, these assessments help ensure investments lead to significant advances in science and health. CSR also released a companion video: "NIH Tips for Applicants." In this video, the reviewers and NIH staff members featured in the "NIH Peer Review Revealed" video provide advice to new applicants. Both the "NIH Tips for Applicants" and the "NIH Peer Review Revealed" videos can be viewed and downloaded via CSR’s website at www.csr.nih.gov/video/video.asp.

Report details the recession’s impact on children’s well being

According to a report from the Foundation for Child Development (FCD), indices of the negative impact of the recession on children are reaching new highs in 2010. The 2010 annual release of the FCD Child Well-Being Index (CWI) is the first report offering comprehensive data on the impact of the Great Recession on American children’s quality-of-life. Findings include: The recession will wipe out virtually all progress for children since 1975; the rate of children living in poverty in 2010 will be the highest in 20 years; and child obesity will continue to rise, bringing down the Health Domain. For the full report, see www.fcd-us.org/usr_doc/FINAL_2010_CWI_Annual_Release.pdf.

One in six public school students attend high-poverty schools

The Institute for Education Sciences released The Condition of Education, which highlights characteristics of high-poverty schools and their students. Students who attend high-poverty schools persistently perform at lower levels in math and reading achievement and are less likely to attend four-year colleges when compared to their peers in low-poverty schools, according to the report. The Condition of Education 2010, congressionally mandated report released by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), provides an annual portrait of education in the United States. There are 49 indicators in this year’s report covering all aspects of education, including early childhood through postsecondary education, student achievement and educational outcomes, and school environments and resources. View the full report at nces.ed.gov/programs/coe.

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