July/August 2010 Issue • Volume 38 • Issue 6

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Obituaries

Deaths

David E. Apter, Yale University, died May 4 at his home in North Haven, CT. He was 85.

Elise Boulding, Dartmouth College, died on June 24, 2010, at the age of 89. She was a “matriarch” of the 20th century peace research movement.

Marshall Clinard, a preeminent criminologist, died in Santa Fe, NM, May 30, at the age of 98.

James R. Beniger, University of Southern California and Princeton University, died on April 12 after a long battle with Alzheimer’s disease. He was 63.

Art M. Grubert passed away on Tuesday, May 4. He was the husband of former ASA president Maureen Hallinan.

Glen Nygreen, Senior Vice President and Professor Emeritus of Lehman College and City University of New York, died on February 16 at his home in Scarsdale. He was 91.

Obituaries

James R. Beniger
1946-2010

James R. "Jim" Beniger, an award-winning sociology and communication scholar, passed away on April 12, 2010, after a long battle with early onset Alzheimer’s disease. He was 63.

To his colleagues, students, and friends, Jim will be remembered as an engaging, inspiring talent with a wide-reaching intellect and a flair for interesting, often provocative research issues. These qualities were no doubt culled from the fascinating experiences that ultimately led him to his professorial career. Jim graduated magna cum laude in history from Harvard College in 1969. While at Harvard, he edited the Harvard Crimson, worked as a freelance art critic for the Boston Globe, and was employed as a staff writer for he Wall Street Journal. (At WSJ, he covered the 1968 Democratic Convention, earning a front-page byline for a story on Lyndon Johnson’s convention appearance.) After college, Jim traveled extensively and taught history, English, and creative writing at the International College in Beirut, Lebanon, and a secondary school in Cali, Columbia. He returned to the United States to study statistics and sociology at the University of California-Berkeley, earning a PhD in sociology in 1978.

Jim was a member of the Princeton University sociology faculty through the mid-1980s. He then joined the faculty at the USC Annenberg School of Communication and Journalism, where he remained until his retirement. He was a prolific author, publishing in the very best of sociology and communication journals, including the American Sociological Review, Communication Research, the Journal of Communication, and Public Opinion Quarterly.. His first book, Trafficking in Drug Users: Professional Exchange Networks in the Control of Deviance was selected by the American Sociological Association for its prestigious Rose Monograph Series and was published by the Cambridge University Press in 1983.

Jim is perhaps best known for The Control Revolution: Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society (Harvard University Press, 1986). In this book, he traced the sources of the information age. In a bold thesis, Jim argued that the information age was not, as many believed, an incidental or secondary effect of the development of electronic communication technologies. Rather, Jim quite convincingly documented that the information age grew out of a crisis of control in transportation and manufacturing during the latter half of the 19th century. The book was enthusiastically received across the social sciences. In 1986, The Control Revolution earned both the Association of American Publishers Award for the most outstanding book in the social and behavioral sciences and the Phi Kappa Phi Faculty Recognition Award. The New York Times Book Review gave the book a full-page review, and Science, the journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, gave it the lead review in its book review edition. In 1989, The New York Times Book Review selected the soft cover edition of The Control Revolution as a "Notable Paperback of the Year." In 2007, the book won the International Communication Association’s Fellows Book Award for "having stood the test of time."

Jim was a highly active member of his profession. From 1986-93, he served as associate editor of Communication Research. In this capacity, he edited a section of the journal titled "Far Afield," a series of important essays written by leading scholars from across the spectrum of the academy. In 1996, Jim was elected the 53rd president of the American Association of Public Opinion Research. He also initiated and ran the association’s online bulletin board for many years. Jim was a frequent contributor to the bulletin board. His postings demonstrated the breadth of his concerns and the depth of his legendary wit.

For those of us who knew Jim well, these professional accomplishments were only a part of his wonderful story. He was a delightful, considerate human being, who was generous with his time, generous with his insight, and kind to those he mentored. He had an uncanny ability to help his students navigate the often treacherous waters of scholarly life. And his devotion to ideas compelled him to bring out the best in those with whom he worked. In the classroom, he was captivating and energetic. Socially, he was jocular, witty, sometimes unpredictable, and simply fun to be with. And he was, above all, a caring and reliable friend who seemed to always know when you needed him most, and in those times, deliver the right brand of support.

Jim is survived by his courageous wife Kay Ferdinandsen, Director of Information Technology Policies and Services at University of Southern California; his twin daughters Ann and Katherine Beniger of Manhattan Beach; his mother Charlotte Beniger; and his sister Linda York. For those who loved him, he will be sorely missed.

Karen A. Cerulo, Rutgers University

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Alfred C. Clarke
1921-2010

On January 27, 2010, the Department of Sociology of Ohio State University lost a highly respected and well regarded, long-time member of its faculty. Alfred Carpenter Clarke, Professor Emeritus of Sociology, passed away in Upper Arlington, OH, where he and his family made their home for many years.

Al was a pioneer of visual sociology, author of its first textbook, an architect of deviance and social problems research, an important figure in family relations and marriage counseling, a sociology editor for several books that made significant contributions to the field, and a model citizen and friend of many. Al also held a professorship in the Department of Photography and Cinema where he brought a valued sociological perspective to a department that combined persons of fine arts interests and temperament on the one hand with those interested in the physics of light, lens, and optics on the other.

Throughout his career, Al was appointed to situations that required his pleasant demeanor and gentle interaction skills for the resolution of difficult issues. One day during campus riots at the time of the Kent State slayings, one particularly confrontational member of Ohio State’s sociology faculty was arrested after a fracas with the police for his refusal to show faculty ID while attempting to get onto the riot-closed campus. Al was dispatched as the university’s emissary to the police to secure the faculty member’s release. This Al accomplished with great skill and aplomb even though the times were tense and strained and ready to explode over the slightest provocation.

Al was born in Milford, CT, June 26, 1921, and graduated from New Canaan High School at the dawn of World War II. As with most men of his age at the time, Al was inducted into the U.S. Army and served with 759th Field Artillery Battalion in the war in European. Al was as Sergeant Technician of the unit. Al’s lifelong interest in cameras and photography was sharpened as his unit moved through the Leica rich areas of Germany. Al continued this interest through the years and became a world-wide expert on the history of cameras, and he wrote several articles on them for professional photography journals.

After the War ended Al attended to his education by first enrolling at Marietta College as a major in psychology and minor in sociology. He graduated cum lade with his AB in 1948. While at Marietta he met and courted his future wife, Daisy Jackson Clarke. After college graduation, Al went on to attend Ohio State University, receiving his MA in 1951 and his PhD in 1955. Al was then appointed to the Ohio State faculty and over the years advanced to the rank of Professor and, for a period, as interim Chair. He retired in 1987.

Al was very active in professional organizations. He was a Fellow of the American Sociological Association, President of the Ohio Council on Family Relations, and President of the AAUP, Ohio State University Chapter and held memberships in many other scholarly associations. In addition to co-authoring Introducing Visual Sociology, Al co-directed the Visual Research Laboratory at Ohio State and produced many multi-media presentations, including most notably Portrait of an American Town, which was widely used in colleges and public audiences to understand communities. He was also a charter member of the Leica Historical Society of America and a graduate of the C.W. White School of Photography. His textbooks on Deviance (Oxford University Press 1975), and Social Problems (Oxford University Press 1964) were classics that were reissued many times. His research articles appeared in many journals including the American Sociological Review, Marriage and the Family, Sociology and Social Research, The Journal of Psychology, Society, Family Perspectives, International Journal of the Family, Family Perspectives, and Teaching Sociology.

Al was a very fine and popular teacher. He chaired 30 doctoral committees and served on many more. During his many years of service to the university, Al could be counted on to provide assistance to undergraduate and graduate students, administrators, colleagues, and other members of the university community. He was known as someone who was willing—often on short notice—to serve on MA and PhD committees or to attend to university emergencies. He was a critical element in building and maintaining a strong community within sociology and the broader university.

Al is survived by his wife of 61 years, Daisy Jackson Clarke, also by sons Kenneth Carpenter Clarke and James Alfred Clarke (and wife Nancy); grandchildren Christine Renee Clarke, Annemarie Nicole Clark, John Alfred Clarke, Halley Lynn Clarke, and Weston James Clarke. Al is also survived by a large number of friends, colleagues, and former students who truly mourn his passing but will continue to be enriched by their relationship to this truly great and gentle man.

Kent Schwirian, The Ohio State University

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David Kallen
1929-2009

David J. Kallen died April 20, 2009, in Michigan at age 79 after an eight-year battle with a rare form of thyroid cancer. He was one of the founding members of the allopathic medical school at Michigan State University, and he consulted with hospitals across the state, particularly Hurley Medical Center in Flint.

Dave was a cross between a scholar and an administrator who had worked for the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) for many years. He felt he had made many good programmatic decisions during his time there, but said there was one he regretted not having called correctly. When approached about funding a children’s television program to encourage education in a multicultural way, he didn’t think it was going to work and failed to support what would later become Sesame Street.

He left NIMH to join MSU’s Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, where he was regarded as a major player within the college. Marsha Rappley, Dean of the College of Human Medicine at Michigan State University, recalled Dave as "passionate in his ideals and his desire to create a system of medical education that would result in better doctors and better health for all." One of his proudest moments was winning the Proxmire Golden Fleece Award for an NIH study on the "Sexual Behaviors of College Students."

Kallen was editor of the Clinical Sociology Review for many years and was active in the creation of Sociological Practice Association. He authored countless books, chapters, articles, and papers, but is perhaps most well known for his being co-author of Obesity and the Family with Marvin B. Sussman. His research activities in pediatrics, sex, and eating disorders were but a few of his diverse interests.

David’s personal history was a driving force behind his interest in scholarship, children and clinical issues. The son of philosopher Horace Kallen and his wife, Rachel, David was named for his paternal grandfather, Jacob David Kallen, a Jewish scholar and rabbi. David’s father was educated at Harvard, Oxford, and the University of Paris La Sorbonne and built the New School for Social Research in New York. As a child, David grew up surrounded by leading scholars and writers of the day, from Thorstein Veblen to T. S. Eliot. Dave never knew how to live up to his father’s legacy and was often uncomfortable about how to make his mark in the world. He was caught between his grandfather’s Jewish roots and his father’s more secular approach to the world. An internal tension plagued this successful scholar, whose smiling demeanor masked his complex inner life. Ultimately, he tried to make the world a better place through his research, writing, mentorship, colleagueship, and building the sociological discipline.

He especially adored his aunt, the songstress, Kitty Kallen, his three children, Hugh of Kalamazoo, Nina of Boston, and Ben of Los Angeles, plus his grandchildren.

"I have a right to believe what you believe is wrong. If in your eyes I am wrong, yet I have that right to be wrong, and that right is unalienable." Horace Kallen

Yvonne Vissing, Salem State College

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Nathan Keyfitz
1913-2010

It is with great sorrow that we inform the sociology community of the death of Nathan Keyfitz, Lazarus Professor of Sociology Emeritus at the Ohio State University. He died on April 6, 2010. Nathan was a leader and driving force in the field of mathematical demography and a pioneer in the application of mathematics to the study of population characteristics where vital statistics and census data are incomplete. Nathan was a prolific scholar and wrote extensively on a wide range of topics that include population theory, historical demography, mortality, urbanization, forecasting, social security and retirement, poverty, and the interaction of populations and their environment. His text, Introduction to the Mathematics of Population, became a standard classic statement of the application of mathematics to the study of demography. He authored and coauthored several other widely used books in the field as well, including The Mathematics of Population (with David Smith) and Applied Mathematical Demography (with Hal Casswell). His numerous articles appeared in the core journals in demography including, Demography, Population Studies, Population Index.

Nathan was born in Montreal on June 29, 1913. He received the BSc degree in mathematics from McGill University (1934) and his PhD in sociology from the University of Chicago (1952). His career took him from the Dominion Bureau of Statistics (now Statistics Canada), where over a 23-year period he rose to the position of Senior Research Statistician in the Canadian Civil Service. After that he moved to academia where he held professorships at many universities including Toronto, Montreal, Chicago, Berkeley, Harvard, and Ohio State University. At Harvard, he was the Andelot Professor of Sociology and Demography and Chairman of the Department of Sociology. He was also a member of the Department of Population Sciences at the Harvard School of Public Health. At Ohio State, Nathan was appointed to the Lazarus Professorship in Population Studies, a position originally held by Gunnar Myrdal.

Nathan was a true international scholar. As a teacher, mentor, consultant and researcher Nathan traveled to various countries including Indonesia, Italy, India, Russia, China, Ceylon, and Argentina. After his retirement from Ohio State, Nathan joined the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis located near Vienna. He was deputy director of the Institute and founding head of the demography department. Throughout his career Nathan was a winner of numerous honorary awards and was a member of professional associations, including the National Academy of Sciences, Royal Statistical Society, American Statistical Association, and American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

As a colleague Nathan was always willing to share his time in discussing issues, research problems, and analytical strategies with his associates. He was an excellent companion both professionally and socially. He was a genial host and excellent guest. He could stimulate intense heated discussions that engaged all parties in genuine dialogue. Nathan was also one of the first scholars to understand the connection between lifestyles and environmental problems. In doing what he felt was his part, he rode his bicycle between his home and campus office. That trip took nerves of steel and a lot of good luck to successfully cover those two miles, which, at that time, traversed the highest accident area of the city.

Nathan was preceded in death by his wife Beatrice (Orkin) Keyfitz. He is survived by his children Barbara Lee (married to Martin Golubitsky) and Robert, grandchildren Benjamin, Elizabeth, and Alexander, and sister, Ruth Karp. Barbara and Martin are Professors of Mathematics at The Ohio State University.

In all things Nathan was a true gentleman and scholar. He was the best of what academia was in his heyday and what it could be today. His legacy lives on not only in his family but also in his contributions to the study of population, environment, and society.

Kent Schwirian and J. Craig Jenkins, The Ohio State University

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