February 2010 Issue • Volume 38 • Issue 2

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Obituaries

Deaths

Gladys K. Bowles, a demographer who spent 39 years with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, died on November 27, 2009, at the age of 92 in St. Ansgar, IA.

William M. Evan, Swarthmore College and University of Pennsylvania, died of kidney failure at the age of 87 on December 25.

John Irwin, a renowned criminologist, died January 3, 2010, of complications from the liver transplant he received 11 years ago.

Joseph Kahl, Cornell University, Professor of Sociology Emeritus, died on January 1, 2010, at age 86, in Bethesda, MD.

Thomas Lasswell, University of Southern California, passed away on December 20 in Los Angeles at the age of 90 from a lingering illness.

Earl Rubington, Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Northeastern University, died January 16, 2010, at the age of 86.

Margaret "Margie" Zamudio, University of Wyoming, passed away on December 25, 2009, at the age of 45.

Obituaries

James A. Inciardi
1939-2009

James A. Inciardi, co-Director of the Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies at the University of Delaware and Professor of Sociology and Criminal Justice, died on November 23 after a prolonged and courageous battle with multiple myeloma. Jim was born in Brooklyn on November 28, 1939. Wherever he lived and worked in later years, New York City remained central to his identity. He graduated from Fordham University and had an early and varied career as a jazz drummer and parole officer for the City of New York. In the late 1960s, he went to work for Carl Chambers at the New York State Narcotic Addiction Control Commission and entered graduate school at New York University (NYU). 

When he completed his PhD from NYU in 1973, Jim had already relocated to the University of Miami continuing to work with Chambers in the Division of Addiction Sciences in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Miami. He held several research and academic positions at the University of Miami in the early 1970s, including Director of the National Center for the Study of Acute Drug Reactions. During this period, he worked with Chambers, Harvey Siegel, John Ball, and others on an important series of studies on narcotics addicts and the process of addiction. He also began a series of studies examining the associations between drug use and criminal activity, which would form the core of his scholarly activity for much of his professional career. He relocated to the University of Delaware (UD) in 1976, and UD became his academic home for the remainder of his career, though he maintained a professional connection with the University of Miami. For many years (1976-91), he was the Director of Criminal Justice in the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice at Delaware, and he became renowned as a teacher of criminal justice, leading to the publication of his popular textbook on Criminal Justice.

Beginning in 1976 Jim had a remarkable unbroken record of funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), including 21 awards for which he was Principal Investigator. More impressive was the breadth and depth of his scholarly activity and the impact his work had on the field and on policy and program development. His studies began with the criminal involvement of drug abusers and the ethnography of street addiction in various subpopulations and later moved to studies of drug abuse treatment for criminal offenders. With the arrival of AIDS and its disproportionate concentration among drug using populations, his research focus shifted to the epidemiology of HIV infection and transmission, and later to the development and evaluation of effective HIV prevention and treatment programs. His work moved from careful observation, to hypothesis testing, and then to clinical trials of novel ways to address these problems. Up to the time of his death, he was actively working on studies of prescription drug abuse and diversion, case management for vulnerable women, and a new ethnography on ecstasy use in Brazil. His work was recognized by awards from the American Society of Criminology, the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, and the ASA Drug and Alcohol Section. In 1994, he received the Outstanding Scholar Award from the University of Delaware and was awarded a Merit Grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. 

In 1991, Jim founded the Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies (CDAS) at the University of Delaware within the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice. The CDAS mission is the production, dissemination, and utilization of scientific knowledge in preventing and treating substance abuse and other health risk behaviors among hard-to-reach populations of youths and adults. It now has major administrative research offices in Newark, DE, and Coral Gables, FL, and satellite research offices in Wilmington, DE, Miami, FL, and Porto Alegre, Brazil. The center has acted as a magnet for other state, national, and international studies related to substance abuse and health. CDAS has the largest portfolio of social science research at the University of Delaware. Jim remained a very active co-Director of the center till his death. In the last several years, he focused on directing the Coral Gables Research Office of CDAS, and on developing a research program to examine the rise in the abuse and diversion of prescription drugs.

During his scholarly career of over 40 years, Jim published over 500 articles, chapters, books, and monographs in the areas of substance abuse, criminology, criminal justice, history, folklore, public policy, AIDS, medicine, and law. His scholarly publications included several seminal papers on the epidemiology of crack cocaine use, as well as the effectiveness of prison-based substance abuse treatment for drug-involved offenders.

He was a revered colleague and engaged in extensive consulting work both nationally and internationally. Even more important than his professional work is the living memorial that remains among his professional friends and colleagues. He was a "translational scientist" long before the term came into vogue, interested in moving ideas into tested strategies and then disseminating the knowledge and practices for use in real-world settings. He knew how to collaborate, motivate research teams, and mentor young scholars and to always share credit for accomplishments. He could move effectively and communicate clearly with academic, professional, and government audiences. In the process he built a wealth of friends in university settings, departments of correction, and government agencies such as NIDA, SAMHSA, CDC, and ONDCP. They will miss him and strive to carry on his work. 

Personally, Jim loved jazz, scuba diving, traveling,and collecting art from Latin America. Although his battle with cancer curtailed many of these activities in recent years, he remained remarkably positive and upbeat, and never gave up hope in his fight. He is survived by his wife, collaborator, and partner, Hilary Surratt, and by his three children, Craig, Brooks, and Kristin. He is also survived by his sister, Anne Cifu, his daughters-in-law, Joan and Lynne, and his grandchildren, Allegra, Brooks, Anastasia, and Alessandra. A memorial service at the University of Delaware is being planned for February 2010. Contributions can be made to the James A. Inciardi Memorial Award Fund, Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716-2580. The Award will support outstanding students in the field of Criminology and Criminal Justice.

Steven S. Martin, University of Delaware

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Harold W. Pfautz
1918-2009

Harold W. Pfautz, Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Brown University, died April 15, 2009, in Newport, RI, at the age of 90. Pfautz became a member of the Brown faculty in 1952 after receiving his PhD from the University of Chicago and teaching briefly at Bucknell University. During World War II, he served in the U.S. Army Air Force, which he joined after receiving his undergraduate degree from Brown in 1940.

His research spanned a broad array of fields. Two of his earliest articles on stratification—"The Current Literature on Social Stratification: Critique and Bibliography" (AJS, 1953) and "A Critical Evaluation of Warner’s Work in Community Stratification" (ASR, 1950, coauthored with Dudley Duncan)—were widely cited.

He then published two influential articles in the sociology of religion: "The Sociology of Secularization: Religious Groups" (AJS 1955) and "Christian Science: A Case Study of the Social Psychological Aspect of Secularization" (Social Forces 1956).

An interest in the European roots of social science led to his translation (with Dudley Duncan) of Maurice Halbwachs’ Population and Society: Introduction to Social Morphology (1960) and to his editing of Charles Booth on the City: Physical Pattern and Social Structure (University of Chicago Press, Heritage of Society Series, 1967), for which he also wrote a long essay, deemed "an impressive labor of love" by ASR’s book reviewer.

In addition, Pfautz published research on social movements ("Near-Group Theory and Collective Behavior: A Critical Reformulation," Social Problems, 1961), organizations ("The Ecology of a Mental Hospital" Journal of Health and Human Behavior, 1962, with Gita Wilder, one of his graduate students), and culture ("The Image of Alcohol in Popular Fiction: 1900-1904 and 1946-1950" Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 1962).

Pfautz probably devoted the greatest amount of effort to research on race, including articles in Social Forces, Phylon, and two books: Community Control of Schools (1970 with Henry M. Levin) and Leadership in the Providence Black Community (1975). This work was spurred by a commitment to civil rights, which was also reflected in Pfautz’ volunteer work as a consultant to the Rhode Island Conference on Human Relations, as a board member of the Urban League of Rhode Island, and as director of Brown’s cooperative program with Tougaloo College in Mississippi.

Pfautz was an active member of the American Sociological Association and served as editor of The American Sociologist from 1970 to 1972.

He is survived by his wife Iola Morse Pfautz, two sons, and two grandchildren.

Stanley Presser, University of Maryland

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