Call for Papers and Conferences
Association for Humanist Sociology (AHS) will hold its 2002 meeting October 10-13 in Madison, WI. Theme: “Decaying Empire/Exuberant Alternatives.” The deadline is April 15, 2002. For more information about AHS or the annual meeting see http://www.humanistsoc.org or contact Steve McGuire at (740) 826-8288.
European Society of Criminology Conference, Toledo, Spain, September 5-7, 2002. Theme: “European Criminology: Sharing Borders, Sharing a Discipline.” Submit an abstract either by post, fax, or e-mail by May 2, 2002 for either a panel session presentation, an entire panel session or a poster presentation. Send a 100 word abstract for each presentation to the appropriate theme chair listed at the conference website: http://www.esc-eurocrim.org/index.html. For poster sessions, send your abstract and details directly to Rosemary Barberet, Programe Chair, Scarman Centre, University of Leicester 154 Upper New Walk LE1 7QA Leicester, UK; 44 116 252 5767; e-mail email@example.com.
International Sociological Association. Call for papers. Environment, Culture and Community. The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia July 2-5, 2002. Register your presentation or your interest in attending by April 15, 2002 to: Ruth Blair, e-mail r.blair@ mailbox.uq.edu.au; School of English, Media Studies and Art History, The University of Queensland, Queensland 4072, Australia; 61-7 33652590; http://emsah.uq.edu.au/conferences/ecc/.
International Sociological Association Research Committee on Disasters (IRCD) has scheduled a session under the category of the Activities of Other Groups at the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting in Chicago, August 16-20, 2002. Theme: “Individual and Group Responses to the World Trade Center Attack.” Persons interested in presenting a paper at the session should send a one-page abstract to both the organizer of the session, EL Quarantelli (firstname.lastname@example.org) and the chair of the session, Gary Webb (email@example.com), by April 30, 2002.
Humboldt Journal of Social Relations solicits manuscripts for a special issue on "Terrorism." Submissions can be theoretical, conceptual, qualitative/quantitative studies on this subject. Send four copies by June 30, 2002 to Humboldt Journal of Social Relations, Department of Sociology, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA 95521.
Journal of Mundane Behavior requests submissions for a special section on "Atrocity, Outrage and the Everyday." October 2002. Contributions should be submitted for review no later than July 1, 2002 and must be submitted as Microsoft Word attachments via e-mail. Send contributions to the section editor, Naomi Mandel, at firstname.lastname@example.org. For more information, visit the Journal of Mundane Behavior at http://mundanebehavior.org.
Journal of Political and Military Sociology, an international and biannual publication, welcomes papers focusing on politics and society, civil-military relations. Inquiries for submission see: www.jpms.niu.edu or contact the Journal of Political and Military Sociology, c/o Department of Sociology, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115.
Law and Society Review will publish a special issue on Constitutional Ethnography. The purpose of the issue is to embed the study of constitutional government in a larger social, economic, historical, and
cultural context. Submissions are due on August 15, 2002 to: Law and Society Review, University of Houston Law Center, 100 Law Center, Houston, TX 77204.
Social and Preventive Medicine (SPM), International Journal of Public Health, seeks papers for three themed issues. Papers should be submitted by May 1, 2002. For more information contact the journal’s editorial office: Nicole Graf, Editorial Office SPM, Institut fur Sozial-und Praventivmedizin, Niesenweg 6, CH-3012 Bern, Germany; e-mail email@example.com.
Sport and the Human Animal, a peer-reviewed journal devoted to the examination of the many dimensions of sport (societal, political, economic, historical, educational, physiological, etc.), is accepting submissions for Volume 1. For submission information contact: Earl Smith, Editor, Sport and the Human Animal, Department of Sociology, Box 7808, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27109; (336) 758-1892; fax (336) 758-4127; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org; http://sport.icaap.org/.
May 2, 2002. 2nd Annual Conference at the Center for Global Studies, St. John's University, New York. Theme: "Globalization and Prosperity. "Inquiries regarding this conference should be sent (preferably by e-mail) to: Azzedine Layachi, Center for Global Studies, 388 Bent Hall, St. John's University, Jamaica, NY 11439. (718) 990-1951; fax (718) 990-2321; e-mail email@example.com.
May 10-12, 2002. Conference on Globalization and Social Justice, Loyola University. For more information see http://www.net4dem.org/mayglobal/mayglobal_001.htm.
June 10-12, 2002. Management of Hepatitis C: 2002, Natcher Conference Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. For further information see: http://consensus.nih.gov.
June 16-19, 2002. Teaching for a Change: Transform the Now; Create the New, Steamboat Springs, CO. For more information about registration, lodging, and what Teaching for a Change has to offer visit http://www.teachingforachange.com or call (720) 859-3980.
July 7-11, 2002. 36th World Congress of the International Institute of Sociology, Beijing, China. Theme: "Social Change in the Age of Globalization." For additional information, e-mail Jing Tiankui, IIS Congress Organizing Committee at firstname.lastname@example.org or see http://www.arts.ualberta.ca/cjscopy/events/iis03.html
July 8-9, 2002. Conference on Empowering Humanity, University for Humanist Studies, Utrecht, The Netherlands. For further information, see http://www.uvh.nl/conference/.
July 15-16, 2002. International Sociological Association Workshop, Auckland, New Zealand. Theme: "Reviewing New Zealand's Experiences as a Social Laboratory Auckland, New Zealand, July 15-16, 2002. Register by June 15, 2002 with: Charles Crothers, Institute of Public Policy, Private Bag 92006, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1020, Auckland, New Zealand; 64-(0)9-917-9999 x 8468; fax 64-(0)9-917-9698; e-mail Charles.Crothers@aut.ac.nz.
American Institute of Indian Studies announces its 2002 fellowship competition and invites applications from scholars who wish to conduct their research in India. Junior fellowships are given to PhD candidates to conduct research for their dissertations in India for up to 11 months. Senior fellowships are available to scholars who hold the PhD degree for up to nine months of research in India. The application deadline is July 1, 2002. For more information and applications, contact the American Institute of Indian Studies, 1130 East 59th Street, Chicago, IL 60637; (773) 702-8638; e-mail email@example.com.
International Research & Exchange Board (IREX). Applications are available for the 2002 John J. and Nancy Lee Roberts Fellowship Program. This program supports cutting-edge research in the social sciences on: Eastern Europe, the New Independent States, the Near East, and Asia. The deadline for applications is April 15, 2002. Applications can be downloaded from the IREX website at: http://www.irex.org/programs/roberts/application.htm. For more information or for mailed copies of applications, please contact IREX at firstname.lastname@example.org; (202) 628-8188.
Louisville Institute, a Lilly Endowment program for the study of American Religion based at Louisville Seminary, announces the First Book Grant Program for Minority Scholars. It will assist junior, non-tenured religion scholars of color to complete a major research and book project. Deadline: February 1, 2003. For further information contact: Louisville Institute, 1044 Alta Vista Road, Louisville, KY 40205; e-mail email@example.com; www.louisville-institute.org.
In the News
Peter Dreier, Occidental College, was quoted and pictured in Los Angeles magazine March 2002 for his work with Jan Breidenbach on "Housing L.A."
Jeffrey A. Halley, University of Texas-San Antonio, and Clarence Lo, University of Missouri-Columbia, were interviewed and quoted in a February 7, 2002 Los Angeles Times article on the LA Cacophony Society and its relationship to avant-garde art movements.
Carole Joffe, University of California-Davis, was quoted in a recent Washington Post column about the various pressures on pro-choice physicians to not perform abortions, and in a recent Sacramento Bee article about the status of RU-486, one year after its approval in the United States.
Shaul Kelner, Brandeis University and CUNY Graduate Center, had a letter to the editor published in the January 29 New York Times in response to a Science section article on cheating and punishment. He summarized Durkheim's approach to the topic.
Nicole P. Marwell, Columbia University, published an op-ed piece about New York City's racial climate in the February 8, 2002 edition of New York Newsday.
Eric Plaut and Kevin Anderson, Northern Illinois University, had their book Karl Marx: Vom Selbstmord reviewed in the Süddeutsche Zeitung, Munich, February 16-17, 2002.
Nicole C. Raeburn, University of San Francisco, was quoted in the San Francisco Chronicle, March 4, 2002, in an article on the opening of the city’s Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Community Center.
Barbara Katz Rothman, City University of New York, was quoted in a February 27, 2002 New York Times article on an Alzheimer’s gene being screened for in newborns.
Caught in the Web
US Census 2000 data is now available from GeoLytics. For more information about GeoLytics or their products call 800 577-6717 or visit online at http://www.uscensus.info/census2000.htm.
American Sociological Association Medical Sociology Section announces the Roberta G. Simmons award for the Best Doctoral Dissertation in Medical Sociology. Deadline May 1, 2002. For more information contact Maxine S. Thompson, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Box 8107, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8107; (919) 515-9020; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sociologists for Women in Society Feminist Activism Award honors a colleague who has used sociological expertise to advance the quality of life of women in society. Send nominations to: Carla B. Howery, 8008 Maple Avenue, Takoma Park, MD 20912. Deadline June 15, 2002.
Members' New Books
David L. Altheide, Arizona State University, Creating Fear: News and the Construction of Crisis (Aldine de Gruyter, 2002).
Ronald Berger, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, Fathoming the Holocaust: A Social Problems Approach (Aldine de Gruyter, 2002).
Esther Ngan-ling Chow, American University, Transforming Gender and Development in East Asia (Routledge, 2002).
John B. Christiansen, Gallaudet University, and Irene W. Leigh, Cochlear Implants in Children: Ethics and Choices (Gallaudet University Press, 2002).
Patrick G. Coy, Kent State University, ed. Political Opportunities, Social Movements and Democratization (Elsevier, 2002).
Riley E. Dunlap, Washington State University, Frederick H. Buttel, Peter Dickens and August Gijswijt (eds.), Sociological Theory and The Environment (Rowman and Littlefield, 2002).
Al Gedicks, University of Wisconsin-LaCrosse, Resource Rebels: Native Challenges to Mining and Oil Corporations (South End Press, 2002).
Andrew Hoffman, Boston University, and Marc Ventresca, Northwestern University (eds.), Organizations, Policy and the Natural Environment: Institutional and Strategic Perspectives (Stanford University Press, 2002).
Riva Kastoryano, Institute for Political Science (France), Negotiating Identities: States and Immigrants in France and Germany (Princeton University Press, 2002).
Mary Ann Lamanna, University of Nebraska-Omaha, Emile Durkheim on the Family (Sage 2002).
Jack Niemonen, University of South Dakota, Race, Class, and the State in Contemporary Sociology: The William Julius Wilson Debates (Lynne Rienner, 2002).
Eric Plaut and Kevin Anderson, Northern Illinois University (eds.), Karl Marx: Vom Selbstmord, with a preface by Michael Löwy (Karlsruhe: Neuer ISP Verlag, 2001).
Rick A. Settersten, Jr., Case Western Reserve University (ed.), Invitation to the Life Course: Toward New Understandings of Later Life (Baywood Publishing Company, 2002, Society and Aging Series).
William B. Thomas, University of Pittsburgh, and Edward F. Standowski, Jr., No Wind for their Sails: The Betrayal of America’s Urban Youth (Wyndham Hall Press, 2002).
Kathleen Tiemann, University of North Dakota, Crossroads: Readings in Social Problems (Pearson Publishing, 2001).
Tony Cortese has been promoted to full professor of sociology at Southern Methodist University.
Daniel J. Curran will become the first lay president of the University of Dayton.
Kelly Dagan has been appointed assistant professor of sociology at Illinois College, Jacksonville, IL.
Susan Ferguson, Grinnell College, is now chair of the sociology department.
Jeffrey A. Halley has been appointed department of sociology chair at the University of Texas-San Antonio.
Chris Hunter, Grinnell College, returned from his fall semester in Washington, DC where he directed an internship program for Grinnell students.
Miliann Kang, will join the faculty at Grinnell College August 2002.
Mary M. Kritz, Cornell University, has been elected Secretary-General and Treasurer of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) which is based in Paris, France.
Kent McClelland, Grinnell College, is in London to direct an internship program there for Grinnell students.
Thomas F. Pettigrew, University of California-Santa Cruz, was recently appointed Visiting Senior Hewlett Fellow at Stanford University’s Research Institute for Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity.
Chris Prendergast, Illinois Wesleyan University, is the President-elect of the Midwest Sociological Society.
Sandra Smith, New York University, has been selected as a Russell Sage Foundation Visiting Scholar for 2002-2003.
Diane Taub, Southern Illinois University-Carbondale, was promoted to full professor.
Murray L. Wax, Washington University-St. Louis, emeritus, is a consultant to a project studying end of life issues in surgical intensive care units.
Howard Aldrich, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, was tapped for the J. Carlyle Sitterson Freshman Teaching Award, one of the University's 2002 Teaching Awards, the highest campus-wide recognition for teaching excellence.
Beth Hoffman, University of Wisconsin-Madison, received first place in the American Bar Foundation/Law & Social Inquiry Graduate Student Paper Competition. She also won first place in the Midwest Sociologists for Women in Society Student Paper Competition for another paper.
Billy Hu, Central Missouri State University, received the Blyer Distinguished Faculty Award spring 2001.
David L. Iaquinta, Nebraska Wesleyan University, won 2001 Nebraska Professor of the Year from the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.
Barbara J. Johnston, North Hennepin Community College, is the recipient of the Minnesota YMCA Youth in Government 2001 Zwach-Eddy Crystal Dome Award for youth leadership development and public service.
Elaine Lindgren, North Dakota State University, received the Editor's Award for the most outstanding contribution to North Dakota History for her article about Anne C. Lind.
Jason Patch, New York University, has been awarded a National Science Foundation Dissertation Research Award for his project: “Fashioning Gentrification: The New Role of Women as Entrepreneurs and Public Characters.”
Camilla Saulsbury, Indiana University, was one of the five K. Patricia Cross Scholars selected by the American Association for Higher Education (AAHE). She was funded to attend the AAHE meeting in Chicago in March.
Marion Arline Harris
Marion Arline Harris, former MOST student and Minority Fellowship Program fellow, died at home in Albany, NY on February 20, 2002 at the age of 75. A native New Yorker, Marion retired at age 62 and returned to complete her undergraduate degree in Sociology at CUNY’s Lehman College, where she was mentored by Professors Nicholas Alex and Terry Williams. Graduating Summa Cum Laude, she was voted Outstanding Senior, class of ‘94, and was a National Honor Society member. While at Lehman, Marion started and ran a support group for single mothers called WAGES (Woman About Grooming Excellent Students). She was a MOST scholar in the Summer 1992 program at the University of California at Berkeley, where she worked with Professor Robert Blauner.
Marion Harris entered the PhD program in Sociology at SUNY-Albany in fall 1994, and was an ASA Minority Fellow from 1994 to 1997. ASA Executive Officer Felice Levine recalls, “She was a great presence in the program, and I got to know her, of course readily liked her, and admired her commitment and what she was doing.” Later in her graduate career, she also pursued a Certificate in Women in Public Policy and a master’s degree in Women’s Studies. At the time of her death she was working on her thesis, “Benefits of Friendship among Senior Citizen Women,” supported by a SUNY Initiatives for Women award. At her senior citizens residence she formed “Outrageous Older Women,” a group that brought in scholars to talk about challenges facing seniors, especially women.
Marion enjoyed fine dining, culture, music, and the arts. Her home was a gathering place for graduate students, faculty, and other friends in the Albany area. Juan Esteva, a fellow student at Albany, remembers: “She provided me with shelter and friendship during the cold winter of my second year; with her charm and kindness, she not only sheltered my physical body but also my mind and spirit…. I remember we used to have long conversations about her life experiences, the civil rights era, her growing up, and, especially, about her dreams of finishing her degree. Marion’s stories, or I should say Marion’s life, is itself a sociological topic.”
Another fellow graduate student, Linda Rodriguez, remembered Marion at the memorial service held in Albany. “She had the sharpest wit I’ve ever seen and could bring me to tears in laughter in no time flat… She was a champion for people of color… She stayed young by engaging herself in life. Her friends came from all places and cultures, and age ranges, and backgrounds and faiths. She was always learning and always teaching. She never retired.”
She was a member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority and SGI-USA, a global lay Buddhist organization. Surviving are her daughters, Marsha McGill, Buffalo, NY; Shirley McGill, Jersey City, NJ; and son, Lance McGill, Portland, OR; two grandchildren, a great-granddaughter, and a host of friends. Marion added special life to the Sociology Department at Albany, and she will be sorely missed.
A memorial service will be held in NYC (or the address) in late April. For details contact Marion’s daughter Shirley at email@example.com.
Nancy Denton and Glenna Spitze, University of Albany.
Kenneth G. Lutterman
Sociology and the mental health disciplines lost one of their greatest champions when Ken Lutterman died of a heart attack in Ann Arbor, MI, on December 2, 2001. Since 1999 he had been teaching and serving as Assistant Dean for Research in the School of Social Work at the University of Michigan, following a brilliant career of 31 years at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).
Ken was born in Black Hawk, a small rural German community in Wisconsin, the son of a blacksmith. He received his BS and MS degrees in Sociology at the University of Wisconsin and his PhD in Social Psychology at the University of Wisconsin in 1962. He later did postdoctoral study of psychometrics and econometrics at the University of Wisconsin and psychiatric epidemiology at Johns Hopkins University. He taught sociology and social welfare policy at St. Olaf College for nine years and social psychology and research methods at the University of Wisconsin for five years before moving to NIMH as Associate Director of the Division of Services and Intervention Research. He remained there until his retirement from NIMH in 1999, except for a year as a visiting professor at Stanford University. Ken produced many articles, papers, and reports, but his primary contributions came as a top health science administrator in government service.
At NIMH Ken was the principal official responsible for NIMH research training programs in the social sciences—sociology, anthropology, economics, psychology, and political science, as well as public policy, social work, nursing, and psychiatry. This involved working with professional organizations, universities, graduate schools, and graduate departments to develop research, research infrastructure, research training programs, and research career development programs.
When the Reagan White House wanted to end all funding for the social science training programs of NIMH, Ken worked tirelessly and very adroitly to preserve the programs. Medical sociologist David Mechanic says, “I think it is fair to say that Ken, more than anyone, saved the social science training programs at NIMH with his dogged persistence. He was at various times a thorn in the side of the bureaucrats, but he persisted and was quite effective.” This view is strongly seconded by Ron Manderscheid of the Center for Mental Health Services who worked closely with Ken for a dozen years at NIMH. Ken knew his way around Washington and Capitol Hill, having served as a Congressional Fellow for nine months in Senator Daniel Inouye’s office and for six months on the staff of the House Ways and Means Committee. He was always bold and resourceful in navigating through the bureaucracy and political establishment.
Manderscheid also maintains that Ken was the official at NIMH who was most concerned about racial and ethnic disparities in mental health services. He was particularly concerned that African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders, and American Indians were underrepresented in research and in research training and career development. Starting in 1973 he initiated and developed special predoctoral programs to recruit, place, and support underrepresented minorities in research careers in sociology, social work, psychology, nursing, neuroscience, and psychiatry. These programs have been very successful and have assisted more than 1,000 minority persons to complete doctorates. The ASA recognized Ken’s contributions by giving him an Award for Contributions to the Development of Research and Research Training, especially Minority Research Training, in 1999. Throughout his career he continued at every opportunity to push for social justice and an end to discrimination. He helped to organize a conference, an ASA paper session, and two research training programs on institutional racism and co-edited a book on discrimination in organizations.
In 1985 the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, began a $100 million program to provide care for persons with severe and persistent mental illnesses by enabling cities to develop more effective systems of care. Ken was the primary NIMH official who worked with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation staff to develop and evaluate the program. This private/public program represented the largest effort ever made to improve care for severely mentally ill persons who receive inadequate care and are often homeless.
During the last 12 years, Ken was particularly focused on improving research and infrastructure in social work, since social workers provide more mental health services than any other professional group. He worked with the Task Force on Social Work Research, chaired by David Austin, to assess the state of social work research and make recommendations. These recommendations were adopted by the National Advisory Mental Health Council in 1991 and have been the basis for a wide range of initiatives, including the funding of eight Social Work Research Development Centers and a five-fold increase in the funding of social work research and research training. His work in this area was recognized by the President’s Award for Contributions to the Development of Research in Social Work by the Council on Social Work Education in 1999 and by the President’s Award for the Development of Research in Social Work by the Society for Social Work and Research in 2000.
After leaving NIMH in 1999, he continued his work on behalf of social work at the University of Michigan School of Social Work. Dean Paula Allen-Meares paid tribute to him at a memorial service in Ann Arbor: “Ken was one of the most wonderful, collegial, inspirational, and positive people I have ever met in my life. He was not only able to identify problems, but was a person who could determine the most effective solutions. He was a catalyst for improvement and change, and a visionary who could figure out how to turn wish lists into reality.”
Ken’s many contributions were recognized with a Lifetime Achievement Award, Mental Health Section of the American Public Health Association in 1999. Steven Hyman, the former Director of NIMH, praises the role that he played at NIMH: “Ken was one of the most deeply committed people I have ever met. He was committed to social work research, he was committed to underprivileged people and nations in general, and to South Africa in particular; above all he was committed to high standards. This mixture of advocacy and integrity was as wonderful as it was unusual. . . Ken was always educating me, giving me things to read, letting me know when he thought I was wrong. Ken made me a better director and NIMH a better place.”
Ken consulted with the South African Department of Health in response to their request for assistance in developing effective community care for the mentally ill and the integration of mental health and primary care. He continued to make periodic trips to South Africa to help with various projects, and he helped to arrange for NIMH to fund a five-year study by David Williams, Ronald Kessler, Allan Herman, and Sollie Rataemane of the consequences of torture and apartheid in South Africa. Privately, he also was closely associated with the programs of the Amy Biehl Foundation in South Africa.
Ken was a warm, generous, and selfless man. He and his wife Jean opened their home to host refugee and/or immigrant families from Iran, Russia, Ghana, and South Africa for periods ranging from one month to over a year, helping them to find housing and employment. He proposed and helped enact a Victim’s Compensation bill for Montgomery County, Maryland. He also proposed and helped establish a Volunteer Corps for the Westmoreland Church that brought more than 80 college graduates to the DC area to do social service work in nongovernment agencies.
Ken is survived by his wife Jean of Potomac, MD; daughter Ann Lutterman-Aguilar of Cuernavaca, Mexico; and sons, John of El Cerrito, CA, Ted of Potomac, MD, and Mark of Minneapolis, MN.
Dorothy Day once said, “No one has a right to sit down and feel hopeless. There’s too much work to do.” Ken certainly agreed, and his life was filled with action. The impact of his work on sociology and on all the mental health disciplines has been incalculable. He was the epitome of the scientist-statesman. We shall not soon see his like again.
Russell Middleton, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Frances Cooke MacGregor
Frances Cooke Macgregor, pioneer medical social scientist, died at her retirement home in Carmel, CA, December 24, 2001. She was 95. The cause was congestive heart failure. Macgregor is best known for her work on facial disfigurement. She took the concepts of George Herbert Mead, e.g., his differentiation between non-symbolic interaction and symbolic interaction (which includes interpretation) and Charles H. Cooley’s concept of the “looking glass self” (which includes the imagination of one’s appearance to another as well as judgments and feelings engendered by that self) and applied them empirically to her photographs of cancer patients at the Ellis Fischel Cancer State Hospital in Columbia, MO where she was the professional medical photographer as well as a graduate student in sociology. Her work on “Sociological Aspects of Facial Disfigurement” (Journal of Sociology, l948) was one of the earliest studies of symbolic interaction.
Her early work stimulated her to investigate further the many problems associated with facial deformities. She spent l947-l948 as a research fellow at the Manhattan Eye, Ear, and Throat Hospital to obtain data on a quantitative scale. In l949 she became Coordinator of Interdisciplinary Research Project: The Psychological and Sociological Aspects of Facial Deformities and Plastic Surgery, conducted under the Departments of Psychiatry and Surgery, New York University College of Medicine. The United States Government funded this study through l953, by which time Macgregor wrote her first book on this subject: Facial Deformity and Plastic Surgery, A Psychosocial Study. She had provided data to show that persons whose faces had been hurt by war, fire, disease or birth defects, even with the best possible plastic surgery, were among the least accepted and most neglected in our society. In her words “Theirs is not the suffering of functional impairment, as of the blind or amputees; theirs is a form of stigmatization and rejection that can and does lead to social and psychological death.”
Two more of her books about faces and social identity, Transformation and Identity; the Face and Plastic Surgery (New York Times Press, l974) and After Plastic Surgery, a 25 Year Follow Up Report, (Prager, l979), led to changes in the way of thinking of both professional health care providers and victims of facial faults. “Macgregor’s Trilogy” is called the Gold Standard of understanding the meaning of facial deviance. Her work led to the formation of self-help groups and gatherings of former recluses, which began to ease the devastating effects of the problem. By l995, one of the many groups, “About Face” in Canada included in its anniversary program accolades from Prime Minister Jean Chretien of Canada and President William Jefferson Clinton of the United States. With unflagging diligence Macgregor had also convinced the World Health Organization to include facial disfigurement on its list of published disabilities.
The innovative streak in Macgregor drew the attention of the Russell Sage Foundation, which funded her three-year study at the New York Hospital, Cornell University School of Nursing in order to introduce social science into the education of nurses. She published a textbook, Social Science in Nursing, Applications for the Improvement of Patient Care (Russell Sage Foundation, l960). She became a full professor teaching at Cornell University Medical and Nursing School from l954 to l968, then rejoined the Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery at the New York University Medical Center, at that time headed by John Marquis Converse and later by Joseph G. McCarthy.
Macgregor was largely responsible for defining two sub-disciplines: medical sociology and medical anthropology. Her tapes and notes of the early meetings on these subjects with Leo Simmons and William Caudill are among the papers that she has given to the Smithsonian Institution. Also in their Archives are her photographs and text on Twentieth Century Indians (G.P. Putnam, l94l) and This is America, in collaboration with Eleanor Roosevelt (Putnam, l942).
In l99l Macgregor moved from New York City to Carmel, California. She continued her consultancies adding legal clients as well as colleagues and patients. Her last research efforts focused on iatragenic illness in medicine. Again, as an outsider, that is as a sociologist rather than a physician or nurse, she was ahead of her time in studying medical errors. As she had no children she left her estate to The Commonwealth Fund to administer grants and Frances Cooke Macgregor Awards to study iatragenic illness and to enlist the aid of social sciences to improve patient care. Thus her work as a medical social scientist will be continued many years beyond her lifetime.
Nicos N. Mouratides
After matriculating in physio-chemistry at the University of Athens, Greece, in the early 1940s, Nicos N. Mouratides received his bachelor’s degree in sociology from Cornell College, Iowa, and earned his master’s and doctoral degrees in sociology from the University of Minnesota in 1951 and 1963, respectively. He served as a lecturer at Minnesota, Lake Forest College, and the University of Wyoming before coming to San Diego State University in 1960.
Having written his dissertation on the role of psychiatrists in mental hospitals, Professor Mouratides maintained a life-long interest in medical sociology, social deviance, and the sociology of psychiatric disorders. This included service as a research sociologist at the neuropsychiatric veteran’s hospital in Downey, Illinois; a member of the teaching staff for the residency program at California’s Patton State Psychiatric Hospital; appointment to the California Committee to Review Psychiatric Technician Training, a co-investigator of the California Mental Health Association’s Community Organization for Mental Health Action; and service, for a number of years, as San Diego State University’s Faculty Director for the WICHE (Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education) Project in Mental Health and Retardation, a program sponsored by the California Department of Mental Health.
Professor Mouratides also played a major role as consultant-instructor-director of workshops and institutes within the San Diego Police Department, particularly in the Comprehensive Innovation-Reorganization of Patrol Division, under the title “Community-Oriented-Policing” (COP). This program is now a nationally-recognized model of how community policing should be organized and carried out. Mouratides also served as a consultant and instructor for the U.S. Marine Corp officers at Camp Pendleton and the Human Relations Institute at the San Diego Marine Corp Recruit Depot.
However, at San Diego State University, where he taught from 1960 until his retirement in 1992, Professor Mouratides was valued by his colleagues and his students as one of the most outstanding teachers in the Department of Sociology. He received numerous distinguished teaching awards for his stimulating undergraduate courses in introductory sociology and the sociology of mental illness and, in particular, for his inspiring undergraduate courses and graduate seminars in classical sociological theory. Professor Mouratides’ teaching contributions were summarized well by a former Department chairman.
“Your record of teaching excellence is without parallel in this department. Your ability to inspire, excite, and stimulate on emotional and intellectual levels is indeed remarkable. [For] years you have been a role model for many of us, and are deeply and warmly appreciated by both your colleagues and your students.”
Professor Mouratides was an active participant in a number of San Diego State University remedial teaching-learning programs, such as the EOP/ACCESS program and the campus-wide Intensive Learning Experience program.
Mouratides’ dedication to teaching was further evidenced by his request for certification of eligibility for “Continuance of Academic Employment Beyond Mandatory Retirement Age” (i.e., 70) a request that was supported by his Departmental colleagues, the Dean of the College of Arts and Letters, and the President of the University. At that time, Professor Mouratides characterized his own thoughts about the importance of the teaching profession by stating that he was “...willing to do whatever is necessary to remain worthy of what I value as one of the noblest and socially most productive of human callings.”
Finally, Professor Mouratides was most noteworthy for his significant influence on his students, one of whom volunteered the following comments in a letter sent to the Department.
“...He is without equal. In every aspect of his teaching he maintains the highest degree of intellectual integrity...at all times exposing us to other viewpoints. He encouraged discussion and was open to all suggestions and to any difference of opinion. He made me think, evaluate, and examine, which to me is the ultimate compliment to be paid a teacher. I was truly sorry when the class came to an end.”
Clearly, Professor Mouratides’ strong commitment to the importance of teaching others about the value and excitement of the sociological perspective will stand as a major contribution to the discipline, and as a model for the rest of us to emulate.
Robert E. Emerick, San Diego State University
Leonard David Savitz
Leonard David Savitz, Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Temple University (1960-1995), died peacefully at home January 8, 2002, after a long convalescence following complications resulting from bypass heart surgery.
Leonard was born in Philadelphia June 7, 1926, to Harry and Minnie Savitz, both immigrants from Russia. He entered the U.S. Army in 1944 after graduation from the Philadelphia school system; he served in Germany prior to his discharge. After his discharge he was working for Social Security when he started attending school under the GI Bill.
Leonard’s military and work experiences were a foundation for his lifetime interest in society, deviance, and social problems. He secured BS (1949) and MS (1950) degrees from Temple and earned his doctoral degree at the University of Pennsylvania (1960) with a dissertation on delinquency and migration under the supervision of Thorsten Sellin. Len took many courses in psychology and law as well as in sociology. Faculty regarded him as an exemplary graduate student; his fellow students saw him as both a leader and a vastly entertaining comic. He had eight publications before he finished his graduate work, two of which were later anthologized.
During his years at Temple, Savitz published extensively on a range of topics in criminology, deviance, and policing, including capital punishment (a topic to which he had been introduced by Thorsten Sellin), delinquency and migration, fear of crime, and race and crime. He is perhaps best known for two anthologies (co-edited with Marvin Wolfgang and Norman Johnston), The Sociology of Crime and Delinquency and The Sociology of Punishment and Correction (both originally published in 1962 with revised editions published in 1970). His other books include Dilemmas in Criminology (1967), Delinquency and Migration (1975), Crime in Society (with co-editor Norman Johnston, 1978), Justice and Corrections (1978, also with Johnston), and, Legal Process and Corrections (co-compiler with Johnston, 1982). Much of his work over the years was contract research on applied topics undertaken for municipal and federal agencies. He enjoyed doing bibliographic work and published several extensive bibliographies. In addition, he published extensively in specialty journals, wrote encyclopedia articles, and responded to requests for topical articles which were translated for publication in other languages.
Leonard focused, throughout his teaching and research careers, primarily on criminology and related matters. At times, however, his consuming intellectual curiosity led him far afield. To note only one example, he was a pioneer in sociological interest in language and in what came to be called sociolinguistics. He gave a paper on the sociology of language in 1963; the following year he was a participant in the SSRC-sponsored seminar held in conjunction with the Summer Linguistic Institute of the Linguistic Society of America which eventuated in the Council’s long-lived and influential Committee on Sociolinguistics. He had a great sense of the sociologically relevant.
Savitz was a fine teacher and taught a wide range of courses in criminology, deviance, and the sociology of law. He enjoyed “sharing knowledge” through classroom and tutorial teaching and by encouraging participation in collaborative research. He strongly believed in and emphasized two features of teaching: (1) any classroom teaching is like “dance and drama—a performance” to capture the interest of the audience; and (2) a tinge of humor will “entice the audience.” He practiced these principles not only with undergraduate and graduate students, but also with colleagues and fellow professionals.
Many of Leonard’s students and colleagues/friends will remember his contagious engaging smile and ever-sparkling eyes. He will also be remembered for his passionate support of his graduate students and of junior faculty. Such support notwithstanding he could be ruthlessly critical intellectually and unforgiving of what he saw as pandering. Savitz instilled in many young sociologists beginning their careers the importance of commitment to the discipline and the necessity of hard work and service to the profession.
Leonard’s own life was not all work. He was an avid reader and book collector and had a library of thousands of volumes, some of which he collected on excursions to New York, which began when he was a graduate student. He was for a time an inveterate movie-goer (and taught a course on “crime in film”). He deeply enjoyed classical (particularly modern) music and board games (chess and scrabble at various junctures). He delighted in travel and made several trips to Europe. He enjoyed food. Most of all, he loved the give and take of at least modestly competitive talk.
Len was preceded in death by Faye Weiss Savitz, who he married in 1961 and who died in 1978. He is survived by his wife Marilyn (Friedman), to whom he was married in 1984. He is also survived by his and Faye’s three children; sons Steven and Jonathan (married to Donna Cochran) Savitz who have been living in Hawaii for the past twenty years and his daughter Ruth Savitz Miller of Philadelphia. Recently Savitz much enjoyed visits from his grandson Samuel (Sammy, child of Jonathan and Donna).
Leonard D. Savitz will be sadly missed by family, friends, students, and many others whose lives he may have touched more briefly.
Korni Swaroop Kumar, Norman Johnston, and Allen D. Grimshaw