Oscar Martinez, a graduate student, was hired to code data and in doing his work he identified a code that was ambiguous, and without discussing the matter with Nick Manson, the project director, refined the code. Subsequently, Manson wrote a paper using the refined code and gave a copy to Martinez. On reading the paper and seeing that the variable whose measurement he refined was the central idea of the paper, Martinez informed the project director of his refinement and asked for authorship. Manson disagreed, saying that acknowledgment of the student's contribution in a footnote was sufficient recognition, since he brought in the basic ideas and analyzed the data.
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