J.D. Brighton has studied a small community for some time using surveys and focus groups and recently published a paper that showed there were significant differences in perceptions of police behaviors in different parts of the community. The local police chief did not believe the research outcomes, so he requested the data to do his own analysis. (Actually, he hired, Emma Gustafson, a sociologist from the local college to re-analyze the data.) Dr. Brighton believed that if she gave the data to the chief (or Dr. Gustafson) that she would lose access to the parts of the community that felt the police were not fair. It would effectively prevent her from continuing research in the community.
Brighton was also concerned that the police chief or the analyst could recognize some respondents by carefully analyzing the demographic characteristics of the respondents. The police chief wanted to replicate the study but to fully replicate the study, it was critical that all demographic data be available to the chief. In addition, Brighton's Institutional Review Board approved the research on the condition that anonymity be protected. Although there was no information in the data set that directly identified anyone, she believed that an intense analysis of the demographic characteristics might make it possible to identify at least some of the research participants.
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