Professor Randall Stillwell's research on family ties among the homeless participating in a demonstration project was funded by a federal agency and has passed through all the appropriate human subjects reviews regarding safeguards on confidentiality, risks and benefits. At the end of the project, Professor Stillwell is asked by a colleague at another university if he would provide his data for a secondary analysis on a related topic. Professor Stillwell becomes concerned that his informed consent statement did not notify the respondents that the data would be passed on to other researchers. He knows that the information was shared with him because the respondents in the program came to trust him as a researcher and, while he does not know for certain, suspects that they would have been skeptical if they were aware that data would be passed on to others. He deliberates the sensitive nature of the data since the site for the study was small and could lead to the identification of particular individuals.
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