An academic survey research organization contracts to conduct a survey for a state agency that examines the outcomes from a job training program. The state agency provides the name of the participants and the research organization conducts the survey. As part of the informed consent, confidentiality is promised. After the survey is completed, the state agency asks for the names of the participants to match the survey data with administrative records so they can evaluate the program more fully. Nicholas Burnheart, a sociologist who directs the survey center, gives the names to the state agency because they promise to keep the information confidential.